Tuesday, April 11, 2017

Scientific Reports Earth Sciences Table of Contents e-alert: 11 April 2017

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  11 April 2017   
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Earth & Environmental Sciences

Corrigendum: Narrowing the spread in CMIP5 model projections of air-sea CO2 fluxes


Lei Wang, Jianbin Huang, Yong Luo et al.



Giant caldera in the Arctic Ocean: Evidence of the catastrophic eruptive event


Alexey Piskarev, Daria Elkina


A giant caldera located in the eastern segment of the Gakkel Ridge could be firstly seen on the bathymetric map of the Arctic Ocean published in 1999. In 2014, seismic and …


Enhanced methane emissions from tropical wetlands during the 2011 La Niña


Sudhanshu Pandey, Sander Houweling, Maarten Krol et al.


Year-to-year variations in the atmospheric methane (CH4) growth rate show significant correlation with climatic drivers. The second half of 2010 and the first half of 2011 …


Prediction of the potential geographic distribution of the ectomycorrhizal mushroom Tricholoma matsutake under multiple climate change scenarios


Yanlong Guo, Xin Li, Zefang Zhao et al.


Effective conservation and utilization strategies for natural biological resources require a clear understanding of the geographic distribution of the target species. Tricholoma …


Response of the North Atlantic surface and intermediate ocean structure to climate warming of MIS 11


Evgenia S. Kandiano, Marcel T. J. van der Meer, Stefan Schouten et al.


Investigating past interglacial climates not only help to understand how the climate system operates in general, it also forms a vital basis for climate predictions. We …


Constructing Ecological Networks Based on Habitat Quality Assessment: A Case Study of Changzhou, China


Yu Gao, Lei Ma, Jiaxun Liu et al.


Fragmentation and reduced continuity of habitat patches threaten the environment and biodiversity. Recently, ecological networks are increasingly attracting the attention of …


Breathing of the Nevado del Ruiz volcano reservoir, Colombia, inferred from repeated seismic tomography


Carlos. A. Vargas, Ivan Koulakov, Claude Jaupart et al.


Nevado del Ruiz volcano (NRV), Columbia, is one of the most dangerous volcanoes in the world and caused the death of 25,000 people in 1985. Using a new algorithm for repeated …


Dependence of Plant Uptake and Diffusion of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons on the Leaf Surface Morphology and Micro-structures of Cuticular Waxes


Qingqing Li, Yungui Li, Lizhong Zhu et al.


The uptake of organic chemicals by plants is considered of great significance as it impacts their environmental transport and fate and threatens crop growth and food safety. …


Corrigendum: Ectopic expression of Arabidopsis Target of Rapamycin (AtTOR) improves water-use efficiency and yield potential in rice


Achala Bakshi, Mazahar Moin, M. Udaya Kumar et al.



A comparison of genetic connectivity in two deep sea corals to examine whether seamounts are isolated islands or stepping stones for dispersal


Karen J. Miller, Rasanthi M. Gunasekera


Ecological processes in the deep sea are poorly understood due to the logistical constraints of sampling thousands of metres below the ocean’s surface and remote from most land …


Identification of dominating factors affecting vadose zone vulnerability by a simulation method


Juan Li, Beidou Xi, Wutian Cai et al.


The characteristics of vadose zone vulnerability dominating factors (VDFs) are closely related to the migration and transformation mechanisms of contaminants in the vadose zone, …


Using energy budgets to combine ecology and toxicology in a mammalian sentinel species


Jean-Pierre W. Desforges, Christian Sonne, Rune Dietz


Process-driven modelling approaches can resolve many of the shortcomings of traditional descriptive and non-mechanistic toxicology. We developed a simple dynamic energy budget …


SO2 Emissions in China – Their Network and Hierarchical Structures


Shaomin Yan, Guang Wu


SO2 emissions lead to various harmful effects on environment and human health. The SO2 emission in China has significant contribution to the global SO2 emission, so it is …


Identification of the driving forces of climate change using the longest instrumental temperature record


Geli Wang, Peicai Yang, Xiuji Zhou


The identification of causal effects is a fundamental problem in climate change research. Here, a new perspective on climate change causality is presented using the central …


Streptomyces pactum assisted phytoremediation in Zn/Pb smelter contaminated soil of Feng County and its impact on enzymatic activities


Amjad Ali, Di Guo, Amanullah Mahar et al.


Anthropogenic activities, such as industrial expansion, smelting, mining and agricultural practices, have intensified the discharge of potentially toxic trace elements (PTEs) …


Elemental classification of the tusks of dugong (Dugong dugong) by HH-XRF analysis and comparison with other species


Korakot Nganvongpanit, Kittisak Buddhachat, Promporn Piboon et al.


The elemental composition was investigated and applied for identifying the sex and habitat of dugongs, in addition to distinguishing dugong tusks and teeth from other animal …


North Andean origin and diversification of the largest ithomiine butterfly genus


Donna Lisa De-Silva, Luísa L. Mota, Nicolas Chazot et al.


The Neotropics harbour the most diverse flora and fauna on Earth. The Andes are a major centre of diversification and source of diversity for adjacent areas in plants and …


Erratum: Potential microbial contamination during sampling of permafrost soil assessed by tracers


Toke Bang-Andreasen, Morten Schostag, Anders Priemé et al.



Ecological connectivity in the three-dimensional urban green volume using waveform airborne lidar


Stefano Casalegno, Karen Anderson, Daniel T. C. Cox et al.


The movements of organisms and the resultant flows of ecosystem services are strongly shaped by landscape connectivity. Studies of urban ecosystems have relied on two-dimensional …


Mushroom biomass and diversity are driven by different spatio-temporal scales along Mediterranean elevation gradients


Josu G. Alday, Juan Martínez de Aragón, Sergio de-Miguel et al.


Mushrooms are important non-wood-forest-products in many Mediterranean ecosystems, being highly vulnerable to climate change. However, the ecological scales of variation of …


Clay illuviation provides a long-term sink for C sequestration in subsoils


Gemma Torres-Sallan, Rogier P. O. Schulte, Gary J. Lanigan et al.


Soil plays a key role in the global carbon (C) cycle. Most current assessments of SOC stocks and the guidelines given by Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) focus on …


High-precision 14C and 40Ar/39Ar dating of the Campanian Ignimbrite (Y-5) reconciles the time-scales of climatic-cultural processes at 40 ka


Biagio Giaccio, Irka Hajdas, Roberto Isaia et al.


The Late Pleistocene Campanian Ignimbrite (CI) super-eruption (Southern Italy) is the largest known volcanic event in the Mediterranean area. The CI tephra is widely dispersed …


Novel benthic foraminifera are abundant and diverse in an area of the abyssal equatorial Pacific licensed for polymetallic nodule exploration


Aurélie Goineau, Andrew J. Gooday


The benthic biota of the Clarion–Clipperton Zone (CCZ, abyssal eastern equatorial Pacific) is the focus of a major research effort linked to possible future mining of …


Potential application of an Aspergillus strain in a pilot biofilter for benzene biodegradation


Da Sun, Kun Zhang, Chuanren Duan et al.


A biofilter with fungus was developed for efficient degradation of benzene, which can overcome the potential risk of leakage commonly found in such services. Results indicated …


Project Loon based augmentation for global ionospheric modeling over Southern Hemisphere


Cheng Wang, Chuang Shi, Hongping Zhang


Global ionospheric products of vertical total electron content (VTEC) derived from GNSS measurements may have low accuracy over oceans and southern latitudes where there are not …


The presence of microplastics in commercial salts from different countries


Ali Karami, Abolfazl Golieskardi, Cheng Keong Choo et al.


The occurrence of microplastics (MPs) in saltwater bodies is relatively well studied, but nothing is known about their presence in most of the commercial salts that are widely …


Coseismic seafloor deformation in the trench region during the Mw8.8 Maule megathrust earthquake


A. Maksymowicz, C. D. Chadwell, J. Ruiz et al.


The Mw 8.8 megathrust earthquake that occurred on 27 February 2010 offshore the Maule region of central Chile triggered a destructive tsunami. Whether the earthquake rupture …


Corrigendum: Analyzing historical land use changes using a Historical Land Use Reconstruction Model: a case study in Zhenlai County, northeastern China


Yuanyuan Yang, Shuwen Zhang, Yansui Liu et al.



Degradation potentials of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) from thawed permafrost peat


Balathandayuthabani Panneer Selvam, Jean-François Lapierre, Francois Guillemette et al.


Global warming can substantially affect the export of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) from peat-permafrost to aquatic systems. The direct degradability of such peat-derived DOC, …


A novel label-free fluorescence assay for one-step sensitive detection of Hg2+ in environmental drinking water samples


Ya Li, Nan Liu, Hui Liu et al.


A novel label-free fluorescence assay for detection of Hg2+ was developed based on the Hg2+-binding single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) and SYBR Green I (SG I). Differences from other …


Possible connections of the opposite trends in Arctic and Antarctic sea-ice cover


Lejiang Yu, Shiyuan Zhong, Julie A. Winkler et al.


Sea ice is an important component of the global climate system and a key indicator of climate change. A decreasing trend in Arctic sea-ice concentration is evident in recent …


Tropical rainfall over the last two millennia: evidence for a low-latitude hydrologic seesaw


Franziska A. Lechleitner, Sebastian F. M. Breitenbach, Kira Rehfeld et al.


The presence of a low- to mid-latitude interhemispheric hydrologic seesaw is apparent over orbital and glacial-interglacial timescales, but its existence over the most recent …


Corrigendum: Synergistic effects of dissolved organic carbon and inorganic nitrogen on methane uptake in forest soils without and with freezing treatment


Haohao Wu, Xingkai Xu, Cuntao Duan et al.



Corrigendum: Electrical cream separator coupled with vacuum filtration for the purification of eimerian oocysts and trichostrongylid eggs


Saeed El-Ashram, Xun Suo



Elemental stoichiometry and compositions of weevil larvae and two acorn hosts under natural phosphorus variation


Huawei Ji, Baoming Du, Chunjiang Liu


To understand how different trophic organisms in a parasite food chain adapt to the differences in soil nutrient conditions, we investigated stoichiometric variation and …


An in-line Mach-Zehnder Interferometer Using Thin-core Fiber for Ammonia Gas Sensing With High Sensitivity


Xinyue Huang, Xueming Li, Jianchun Yang et al.


Ammonia is an important indicator among environmental monitoring parameters. In this work, thin-core fiber Mach-Zehnder interferometer deposited with poly (acrylic acid) (PAA), …


Environmental dust effects on aluminum surfaces in humid air ambient


Bekir Sami Yilbas, Ghassan Hassan, Haider Ali et al.


Environmental dusts settle on surfaces and influence the performance of concentrated solar energy harvesting devices, such as aluminum troughs. The characteristics of …


Offshore exposure experiments on cuttlefish indicate received sound pressure and particle motion levels associated with acoustic trauma


Marta Solé, Peter Sigray, Marc Lenoir et al.


Recent findings on cephalopods in laboratory conditions showed that exposure to artificial noise had a direct consequence on the statocyst, sensory organs, which are responsible …


Carbon dioxide induced plasticity of branchial acid-base pathways in an estuarine teleost


Elizabeth B. Allmon, Andrew J. Esbaugh


Anthropogenic CO2 is expected to drive ocean pCO2 above 1,000 μatm by 2100 – inducing respiratory acidosis in fish that must be corrected through branchial ion transport. This …


Localised residency and inter-annual fidelity to coastal foraging areas may place sea bass at risk to local depletion


Thomas K. Doyle, Damien Haberlin, Jim Clohessy et al.


For many marine migratory fish, comparatively little is known about the movement of individuals rather than the population. Yet, such individual-based movement data is vitally …


Quantification of bioluminescence from the surface to the deep sea demonstrates its predominance as an ecological trait


Séverine Martini, Steven H. D. Haddock


The capability of animals to emit light, called bioluminescence, is considered to be a major factor in ecological interactions. Because it occurs across diverse taxa, …


Solar eclipse demonstrating the importance of photochemistry in new particle formation


Tuija Jokinen, Jenni Kontkanen, Katrianne Lehtipalo et al.


Solar eclipses provide unique possibilities to investigate atmospheric processes, such as new particle formation (NPF), important to the global aerosol load and radiative …


Impacts of the removal of shrubs on the physiological and biochemical characteristics of Syntrichia caninervis Mitt: in a temperate desert


Ben-feng Yin, Yuan-ming Zhang, An-ru Lou


Moss crusts play important roles in biological soil crusts biomass and soil surface stabilization. However, because of increasingly intensive human activities, especially …


Microbial Biogeography and Core Microbiota of the Rat Digestive Tract


Dongyao Li, Haiqin Chen, Bingyong Mao et al.


As a long-standing biomedical model, rats have been frequently used in studies exploring the correlations between gastrointestinal (GI) bacterial biota and diseases. In the …

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