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Pediatric Research

More than a million U.S. adults are living with congenital heart disease - half of whom are not receiving the specialized care they need.

The Adult Congenital Heart Program at Stanford Children's Health and Stanford Health Care offer in-depth expertise in treating cardiovascular anomalies and has one of the largest groups of board-certified specialists in the country.


Volume 80, Issue 1 (July 2016)

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Hear direct from the experts, wherever you are and on whatever device. Past subjects have included:
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  • Caffeine in prematurity: Friend or foe?
  • Gut bacteria in preterm babies

Editor’s Focus


Editor’s Focus

Pediatr Res 2016 80: 1; 10.1038/pr.2016.103

Full Text | PDF



Fecal microbiota transplantation in children: a brief review

Suchitra K. Hourigan and Maria Oliva-Hemker

Pediatr Res 2016 80: 2-6; advance online publication, March 16, 2016; 10.1038/pr.2016.48

Abstract | Full Text | PDF




Maternal thyroid function in pregnancy may program offspring blood pressure, but not adiposity at 20 y of age

Dorte Rytter, Stine L. Andersen, Bodil H. Bech, Thorhallur I. Halldorsson, Tine B. Henriksen, Peter Laurberg and Sjurdur F. Olsen

Pediatr Res 2016 80: 7-13; advance online publication, March 18, 2016; 10.1038/pr.2016.56

Abstract | Full Text | PDF


Estimations of dietary vitamin D requirements in black and white children

Kumaravel Rajakumar, Charity G. Moore, Jonathan Yabes, Flora Olabopo, Mary Ann Haralam, Diane Comer, Michael F. Holick and Susan L. Greenspan

Pediatr Res 2016 80: 14-20; advance online publication, March 9, 2016; 10.1038/pr.2016.46

Abstract | Full Text | PDF

Clinical associations of immature breathing in preterm infants: part 1—central apnea

Karen Fairchild, Mary Mohr, Alix Paget-Brown, Christa Tabacaru, Douglas Lake, John Delos, Joseph Randall Moorman and John Kattwinkel

Pediatr Res 2016 80: 21-27; advance online publication, March 9, 2016; 10.1038/pr.2016.43

Abstract | Full Text | PDF

Clinical associations with immature breathing in preterm infants: part 2—periodic breathing

Manisha Patel, Mary Mohr, Douglas Lake, John Delos, J. Randall Moorman, Robert A. Sinkin, John Kattwinkel and Karen Fairchild

Pediatr Res 2016 80: 28-34; advance online publication, March 22, 2016; 10.1038/pr.2016.58

Abstract | Full Text | PDF

Visual tracking in very preterm infants at 4 mo predicts neurodevelopment at 3 y of age

Ylva Fredriksson Kaul, Kerstin Rosander, Claes von Hofsten, Katarina Strand Brodd, Gerd Holmström, Alexander Kaul, Birgitta Böhm and Lena Hellström-Westas

Pediatr Res 2016 80: 35-42; advance online publication, March 8, 2016; 10.1038/pr.2016.37

Abstract | Full Text | PDF

Functional and structural connectivity of the visual system in infants with perinatal brain injury

Stephanie L. Merhar, Elveda Gozdas, Jean A. Tkach, Karen L. Harpster, Terry L. Schwartz, Weihong Yuan, Beth M. Kline-Fath, James L. Leach, Mekibib Altaye and Scott K. Holland

Pediatr Res 2016 80: 43-48; advance online publication, March 18, 2016; 10.1038/pr.2016.49

Abstract | Full Text | PDF

New time-saving predictor algorithm for multiple breath washout in adolescents

Jonathan Grønbæk, Henrik Wegener Hallas, Lambang Arianto, Knud Pedersen, Arne Thomsen, Bo Lund Chawes and Hans Bisgaard

Pediatr Res 2016 80: 49-53; advance online publication, March 22, 2016; 10.1038/pr.2016.57

Abstract | Full Text | PDF

Genotype-guided antiretroviral regimens in children with multidrug-resistant HIV-1 infection

Gloria Huerta-García, José G. Vazquez-Rosales, José A. Mata-Marín, Leoncio Peregrino-Bejarano, Eric Flores-Ruiz and Fortino Solórzano-Santos

Pediatr Res 2016 80: 54-59; advance online publication, March 21, 2016; 10.1038/pr.2016.53

Abstract | Full Text | PDF

Influence of common genetic variants on childhood kidney outcomes

Kozeta Miliku, Suzanne Vogelezang, Oscar H. Franco, Albert Hofman, Vincent W.V. Jaddoe and Janine F. Felix

Pediatr Res 2016 80: 60-66; advance online publication, March 9, 2016; 10.1038/pr.2016.44

Abstract | Full Text | PDF

Soluble receptor and gene polymorphism for AGE: relationship with obesity and cardiovascular risks

Mohamed Rowisha, Manal El-Batch, Thanaa El Shikh, Salwa El Melegy and Hany Aly

Pediatr Res 2016 80: 67-71; advance online publication, March 18, 2016; 10.1038/pr.2016.55

Abstract | Full Text | PDF

ROBO2 gene variants in children with primary nonsyndromic vesicoureteral reflux with or without renal hypoplasia/dysplasia

Artemis G. Mitsioni, Ekaterini Siomou, Ioanna Bouba, Stavroula Petridi, Antigoni Siamopoulou and Ioannis Georgiou

Pediatr Res 2016 80: 72-76; advance online publication, March 22, 2016; 10.1038/pr.2016.51

Abstract | Full Text | PDF

Altered gene expression and possible immunodeficiency in cases of sudden infant death syndrome

Linda Ferrante, Torleiv O. Rognum, Åshild Vege, Ståle Nygård and Siri H. Opdal

Pediatr Res 2016 80: 77-84; advance online publication, March 9, 2016; 10.1038/pr.2016.45

Abstract | Full Text | PDF


Optimizing lung aeration at birth using a sustained inflation and positive pressure ventilation in preterm rabbits OPEN

Arjan B. te Pas, Marcus J. Kitchen, Katie Lee, Megan J. Wallace, Andreas Fouras, Robert A. Lewis, Naoto Yagi, Kentaro Uesugi and Stuart B. Hooper

Pediatr Res 2016 80: 85-91; advance online publication, March 18, 2016; 10.1038/pr.2016.59

Abstract | Full Text | PDF

Intratracheal atomized surfactant provides similar outcomes as bolus surfactant in preterm lambs with respiratory distress syndrome

Ilaria Milesi, David G. Tingay, Emanuela Zannin, Federico Bianco, Paolo Tagliabue, Fabio Mosca, Anna Lavizzari, Maria Luisa Ventura, C. Elroy Zonneveld, Elizabeth J. Perkins, Don Black, Magdy Sourial and Raffaele L. Dellacá

Pediatr Res 2016 80: 92-100; advance online publication, March 8, 2016; 10.1038/pr.2016.39

Abstract | Full Text | PDF


Mechanisms of modulation of cytokine release by human cord blood monocytes exposed to high concentrations of caffeine

Raul Chavez-Valdez, Rajni Ahlawat, Marsha Wills-Karp and Estelle B. Gauda

Pediatr Res 2016 80: 101-109; advance online publication, March 16, 2016; 10.1038/pr.2016.50

Abstract | Full Text | PDF

Enhanced cAMP-stimulated protein kinase A activity in human fibrolamellar hepatocellular carcinoma

Kevin M. Riggle, Kimberly J. Riehle, Heidi L. Kenerson, Rigney Turnham, Miwako K. Homma, Machiko Kazami, Bret Samelson, Renay Bauer, G. Stanley McKnight, John D. Scott and Raymond S. Yeung

Pediatr Res 2016 80: 110-118; advance online publication, March 8, 2016; 10.1038/pr.2016.36

Abstract | Full Text | PDF

Modafinil improves monocrotaline-induced pulmonary hypertension rat model

Hyeryon Lee, Kwan Chang Kim, Min-Sun Cho, Suk-hyo Suh and Young Mi Hong

Pediatr Res 2016 80: 119-127; advance online publication, March 9, 2016; 10.1038/pr.2016.38

Abstract | Full Text | PDF

Effects of neonatal dexamethasone administration on cardiac recovery ability under ischemia-reperfusion in 24-wk-old rats

Xinli Jiang, Huijie Ma, Chunguang Li, Yue Cao, Yan Wang, Yi Zhang and Yan Liu

Pediatr Res 2016 80: 128-135; advance online publication, March 18, 2016; 10.1038/pr.2016.54

Abstract | Full Text | PDF

Inhibition of β-catenin signaling protects against CTGF-induced alveolar and vascular pathology in neonatal mouse lung

Min Rong, Shaoyi Chen, Ronald Zambrano, Matthew R. Duncan, Gary Grotendorst and Shu Wu

Pediatr Res 2016 80: 136-144; advance online publication, March 18, 2016; 10.1038/pr.2016.52

Abstract | Full Text | PDF

Toluene disruption of the functions of L1 cell adhesion molecule at concentrations associated with occupational exposures

Kimberly M.R. White, Julia A. Sabatino, Min He, Natalie Davis, Ningfeng Tang and Cynthia F. Bearer

Pediatr Res 2016 80: 145-150; advance online publication, March 8, 2016; 10.1038/pr.2016.40

Abstract | Full Text | PDF

CpG island shore methylation of ZFPM2 is identified in tetralogy of fallot samples

Wei Sheng, Long Chen, Huijun Wang, Xiaojing Ma, Duan Ma and Guoying Huang

Pediatr Res 2016 80: 151-158; advance online publication, March 9, 2016; 10.1038/pr.2016.42

Abstract | Full Text | PDF

Liganded retinoic acid X receptor α represses connexin 43 through a potential retinoic acid response element in the promoter region

Ruoyi Gu, Jun Xu, Yixiang Lin, Jing Zhang, Huijun Wang, Wei Sheng, Duan Ma, Xiaojing Ma and Guoying Huang

Pediatr Res 2016 80: 159-168; advance online publication, March 18, 2016; 10.1038/pr.2016.47

Abstract | Full Text | PDF

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