Tuesday, May 3, 2016

Scientific Reports Physics Table of Contents e-alert: 03 May 2016

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Welcome to your Table of Contents e-alert for Scientific Reports

 
 
   
 
 
 
Physical Sciences
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Coherence loss of partially mode-locked fibre laser

 
 

Lei Gao, Tao Zhu, Stefan Wabnitz et al.

 
 

Stochastically driven nonlinear processes limit the number of amplified modes in a natural system due to competitive mode interaction, which is accompanied by loss of coherence …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Multipolar interference for non-reciprocal nonlinear generation

 
 

Ekaterina Poutrina, Augustine Urbas

 
 

We show that nonlinear multipolar interference allows achieving not only unidirectional, but also non-reciprocal nonlinear generation from a nanoelement, with the direction of …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Single-wall carbon nanotubes and graphene oxide-based saturable absorbers for low phase noise mode-locked fiber lasers

 
 

Xiaohui Li, Kan Wu, Zhipei Sun et al.

 
 

Low phase noise mode-locked fiber laser finds important applications in telecommunication, ultrafast sciences, material science, and biology, etc. In this paper, two types of …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Infra-red photoresponse of mesoscopic NiO-based solar cells sensitized with PbS quantum dot

 
 

Mahfoudh Raissi, Yann Pellegrin, Stéphane Jobic et al.

 
 

Sensitized NiO based photocathode is a new field of investigation with increasing scientific interest in relation with the development of tandem dye-sensitized solar cells …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Ultrafast Band Engineering and Transient Spin Currents in Antiferromagnetic Oxides

 
 

Mingqiang Gu, James M. Rondinelli

 
 

We report a dynamic structure and band engineering strategy with experimental protocols to induce indirect-to-direct band gap transitions and coherently oscillating pure …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Corrigendum: Critical dependence of magnetostructural coupling and magnetocaloric effect on particle size in Mn-Fe-Ni-Ge compounds

 
 

Rongrong Wu, Feiran Shen, Fengxia Hu et al.

 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 

Corrigendum: Efficient design, accurate fabrication and effective characterization of plasmonic quasicrystalline arrays of nano-spherical particles

 
 

Farhad A. Namin, Yu A. Yuwen, Liu Liu et al.

 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 

Influence of SiO2 shell thickness on power conversion efficiency in plasmonic polymer solar cells with Au nanorod@SiO2 core-shell structures

 
 

Ran Zhang, Yongfang Zhou, Ling Peng et al.

 
 

Locating core-shell metal nanoparticles into a photoactive layer or at the interface of photoactive layer/hole extraction layer is beneficial for fully employing surface plasmon …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Global diabatic potential energy surfaces and quantum dynamical studies for the Li(2p) + H2(X1Σ+g) → LiH(X1Σ+) + H reaction

 
 

Di He, Jiuchuang Yuan, Huixing Li et al.

 
 

The global diabatic potential energy surfaces which are correlated with the ground state 1A′ and the excited state 2A′ of the Li(2p) + H2 reaction are presented in this study. …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Transformation seismology: composite soil lenses for steering surface elastic Rayleigh waves

 
 

Andrea Colombi, Sebastien Guenneau, Philippe Roux et al.

 
 

Metamaterials are artificially structured media that exibit properties beyond those usually encountered in nature. Typically they are developed for electromagnetic waves at …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Crystal growth and optical characteristics of beryllium-free polyphosphate, KLa(PO3)4, a possible deep-ultraviolet nonlinear optical crystal

 
 

Pai Shan, Tongqing Sun, Hong Chen et al.

 
 

Deep-ultraviolet nonlinear optical crystals are of great importance as key materials in generating coherent light with wavelength below 200 nm through cascaded frequency …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Quantum hyperparallel algorithm for matrix multiplication

 
 

Xin-Ding Zhang, Xiao-Ming Zhang, Zheng-Yuan Xue

 
 

Hyperentangled states, entangled states with more than one degree of freedom, are considered as promising resource in quantum computation. Here we present a hyperparallel quantum …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Pumping Electron-Positron Pairs from a Well Potential

 
 

Qiang Wang, Jie Liu, Li-bin Fu

 
 

In the presence of very deep well potential, electrons will spontaneously occupy the empty embedded bound states and electron-positron pairs are created by means of a …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Gate-Tunable Spin Transport and Giant Electroresistance in Ferromagnetic Graphene Vertical Heterostructures

 
 

Nojoon Myoung, Hee Chul Park, Seung Joo Lee

 
 

Controlling tunneling properties through graphene vertical heterostructures provides advantages in achieving large conductance modulation which has been known as limitation in …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Needle-array to Plate DBD Plasma Using Sine AC and Nanosecond Pulse Excitations for Purpose of Improving Indoor Air Quality

 
 

Li Zhang, Dezheng Yang, Wenchun Wang et al.

 
 

In this study, needle-array to plate electrode configuration was employed to generate an atmospheric air diffuse discharge using both nanosecond pulse and sine AC voltage as …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Evaporation of droplets in a Champagne wine aerosol

 
 

Elisabeth Ghabache, Gérard Liger-Belair, Arnaud Antkowiak et al.

 
 

In a single glass of champagne about a million bubbles nucleate on the wall and rise towards the surface. When these bubbles reach the surface and rupture, they project a …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Growth Mechanism of Strain-Dependent Morphological Change in PEDOT:PSS Films

 
 

Yoo-Yong Lee, Gwang Mook Choi, Seung-Min Lim et al.

 
 

Understanding the mechanism of the strain-dependent conductivity change in polymers in stretched conditions is important. We observed a strain-induced growth of the conductive …

 
 
 
 
 
 

In Vivo Mesoscopic Voltage-Sensitive Dye Imaging of Brain Activation

 
 

Qinggong Tang, Vassiliy Tsytsarev, Aaron Frank et al.

 
 

Functional mapping of brain activity is important in elucidating how neural networks operate in the living brain. The whisker sensory system of rodents is an excellent model to …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Erratum: Structural revisions of small molecules reported to cross-link G-quadruplex DNA in vivo reveal a repetitive assignment error in the literature

 
 

Paul E. Reyes-Gutiérrez, Tomáš Kapal, Blanka Klepetářová et al.

 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 

Erratum: Tumour angiogenesis as a chemo-mechanical surface instability

 
 

Chiara Giverso, Pasquale Ciarletta

 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 

The lag-phase during diauxic growth is a trade-off between fast adaptation and high growth rate

 
 

Dominique Chu, David J. Barnes

 
 

Bi-phasic or diauxic growth is often observed when microbes are grown in a chemically defined medium containing two sugars (for example glucose and lactose). Typically, the two …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Quantitative blood flow velocity imaging using laser speckle flowmetry

 
 

Annemarie Nadort, Koen Kalkman, Ton G. van Leeuwen et al.

 
 

Laser speckle flowmetry suffers from a debated quantification of the inverse relation between decorrelation time (τc) and blood flow velocity (V), i.e. 1/τc = αV. Using a …

 
 
 
 
 
 

An automated tuberculosis screening strategy combining X-ray-based computer-aided detection and clinical information

 
 

Jaime Melendez, Clara I. Sánchez, Rick H. H. M. Philipsen et al.

 
 

Lack of human resources and radiological interpretation expertise impair tuberculosis (TB) screening programmes in TB-endemic countries. Computer-aided detection (CAD) …

 
 
 
 
 
 

An automatic tooth preparation technique: A preliminary study

 
 

Fusong Yuan, Yong Wang, Yaopeng Zhang et al.

 
 

The aim of this study is to validate the feasibility and accuracy of a new automatic tooth preparation technique in dental healthcare. An automatic tooth preparation robotic …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Polysaccharide-capped silver Nanoparticles inhibit biofilm formation and eliminate multi-drug-resistant bacteria by disrupting bacterial cytoskeleton with reduced cytotoxicity towards mammalian cells

 
 

Sridhar Sanyasi, Rakesh Kumar Majhi, Satish Kumar et al.

 
 

Development of effective anti-microbial therapeutics has been hindered by the emergence of bacterial strains with multi-drug resistance and biofilm formation capabilities. In …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Glass-on-Glass Fabrication of Bottle-Shaped Tunable Microlasers and their Applications

 
 

Jonathan M. Ward, Yong Yang, Síle Nic Chormaic

 
 

We describe a novel method for making microbottle-shaped lasers by using a CO2 laser to melt Er:Yb glass onto silica microcapillaries or fibres. This is realised by the fact that …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Unravelling and controlling hidden imprint fields in ferroelectric capacitors

 
 

Fanmao Liu, Ignasi Fina, Riccardo Bertacco et al.

 
 

Ferroelectric materials have a spontaneous polarization that can point along energetically equivalent, opposite directions. However, when ferroelectric layers are sandwiched …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Sessile multidroplets and salt droplets under high tangential electric fields

 
 

Guoxin Xie, Feng He, Xiang Liu et al.

 
 

Understanding the interaction behaviors between sessile droplets under imposed high voltages is very important in many practical situations, e.g., microfluidic devices and the …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Generation of siRNA Nanosheets for Efficient RNA Interference

 
 

Hyejin Kim, Jae Sung Lee, Jong Bum Lee

 
 

After the discovery of small interference RNA (siRNA), nanostructured siRNA delivery systems have been introduced to achieve an efficient regulation of the target gene …

 
 
 
 
 
 

In-situ Liquid Phase Epitaxy: Another Strategy to Synthesize Heterostructured Core-shell Composites

 
 

Zhongsheng Wen, Guanqin Wang

 
 

Core-shell Nb2O5/TiO2 composite with hierarchical heterostructure is successfully synthesized In-situ by a facile template-free and acid-free solvothermal method based on the …

 
 
 
 
 
 

A phased antenna array for surface plasmons

 
 

Dirk Jan W. Dikken, Jeroen P. Korterik, Frans B. Segerink et al.

 
 

Surface plasmon polaritons are electromagnetic waves that propagate tightly bound to metal surfaces. The concentration of the electromagnetic field at the surface as well as the …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Revealing heterogeneous nucleation of primary Si and eutectic Si by AlP in hypereutectic Al-Si alloys

 
 

Jiehua Li, Fredrik S. Hage, Xiangfa Liu et al.

 
 

The heterogeneous nucleation of primary Si and eutectic Si can be attributed to the presence of AlP. Although P, in the form of AlP particles, is usually observed in the centre …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Ultrafast Imaging using Spectral Resonance Modulation

 
 

Eric Huang, Qian Ma, Zhaowei Liu

 
 

CCD cameras are ubiquitous in research labs, industry, and hospitals for a huge variety of applications, but there are many dynamic processes in nature that unfold too quickly to …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Ti–Ag–Pd alloy with good mechanical properties and high potential for biological applications

 
 

V. Yu. Zadorozhnyy, X. Shi, M. V. Gorshenkov et al.

 
 

Ti-based alloys containing Ag were produced by tilt-casting method and their properties were studied. Even in its as-cast state, Ti94Ag3Pd3 showed relatively high tensile …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Epitaxial growth and magnetic properties of ultraviolet transparent Ga2O3/(Ga1−xFex)2O3 multilayer thin films

 
 

Daoyou Guo, Yuehua An, Wei Cui et al.

 
 

Multilayer thin films based on the ferromagnetic and ultraviolet transparent semiconductors may be interesting because their magnetic/electronic/photonic properties can be …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Whispering galleries and the control of artificial atoms

 
 

Derek Michael Forrester, Feodor V. Kusmartsev

 
 

Quantum computation using artificial-atoms, such as novel superconducting circuits, can be sensitively controlled by external electromagnetic fields. These fields and the …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Non-commutativity measure of quantum discord

 
 

Yu Guo

 
 

Quantum discord is a manifestation of quantum correlations due to non-commutativity rather than entanglement. Two measures of quantum discord by the amount of non-commutativity …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Experimental evidence of coherent transport

 
 

E. Flores-Olmedo, A. M. Martínez-Argüello, M. Martínez-Mares et al.

 
 

Coherent transport phenomena are difficult to observe due to several sources of decoherence. For instance, in the electronic transport through quantum devices the thermal …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Li-Assisted Low-Temperature Phase Transitions in Solution-Processed Indium Oxide Films for High-Performance Thin Film Transistor

 
 

Manh-Cuong Nguyen, Mi Jang, Dong-Hwi Lee et al.

 
 

Lithium (Li)-assisted indium oxide (In2O3) thin films with ordered structures were prepared on solution-processed zirconium oxide (ZrO2) gate dielectrics by spin-casting and …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Barrier Modification of Metal-contact on Silicon by Sub-2 nm Platinum Nanoparticles and Thin Dielectrics

 
 

Haisheng Zheng, Bikram K. Mahajan, Sheng C. Su et al.

 
 

We report metal/p-Si contact barrier modification through the introduction of either “isolated” or “nonisolated” tilted-target-sputtered sub-2 nm platinum nanoparticles (Pt NPs) …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Sustainable Sulfur-rich Copolymer/Graphene Composite as Lithium-Sulfur Battery Cathode with Excellent Electrochemical Performance

 
 

Arnab Ghosh, Swapnil Shukla, Gaganpreet Singh Khosla et al.

 
 

A sulfur-rich copolymer, poly(S-r-C-a) has been synthesized via a sustainable route, showing the utility of two major industrial wastes- elemental sulfur (petroleum waste) and …

 
 
 
 
 
 

High-resolution analytical imaging and electron holography of magnetite particles in amyloid cores of Alzheimer’s disease

 
 

Germán Plascencia-Villa, Arturo Ponce, Joanna F. Collingwood et al.

 
 

Abnormal accumulation of brain metals is a key feature of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Formation of amyloid-β plaque cores (APC) is related to interactions with biometals, …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Role of time delay on intracellular calcium dynamics driven by non-Gaussian noises

 
 

Wei-Long Duan, Chunhua Zeng

 
 

Effect of time delay (τ) on intracellular calcium dynamics with non-Gaussian noises in transmission processes of intracellular Ca2+ is studied by means of second-order stochastic …

 
 
 
 
 
 

The effects of magnetic fields exposure on relative permittivity of saline solutions measured by a high resolution SPR system

 
 

Li Jiang, Xinyuan Zhao, Yue Fei et al.

 
 

A measurement system for the relative permittivity of a physiological solution under 50 Hz magnetic fields (MF) is presented. It is based on a phase-sensitive surface plasmon …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Estimation of Discriminative Feature Subset Using Community Modularity

 
 

Guodong Zhao, Sanming Liu

 
 

Feature selection (FS) is an important preprocessing step in machine learning and data mining. In this paper, a new feature subset evaluation method is proposed by constructing a …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Field-driven Domain Wall Motion in Ferromagnetic Nanowires with Bulk Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya Interaction

 
 

Fengjun Zhuo, Z. Z. Sun

 
 

Field-driven domain wall (DW) motion in ferromagnetic nanowires with easy- and hard-axis anisotropies was studied theoretically and numerically in the presence of the bulk …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Incommensurate spin correlations in highly oxidized cobaltates La2−xSrxCoO4

 
 

Z. W. Li, Y. Drees, C. Y. Kuo et al.

 
 

We observe quasi-static incommensurate magnetic peaks in neutron scattering experiments on layered cobalt oxides La2−xSrxCoO4 with high Co oxidation states that have been …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Size and Fiber Density Controlled Synthesis of Fibrous Nanosilica Spheres (KCC-1)

 
 

Nisha Bayal, Baljeet Singh, Rustam Singh et al.

 
 

We report a facile protocol for the synthesis of fibrous nano-silica (KCC-1) with controllable size and fiber density. In this work, we have shown that the particle size, fiber …

 
 
 
 
 
 

A hybrid system with highly enhanced graphene SERS for rapid and tag-free tumor cells detection

 
 

Ningbo Yi, Chen Zhang, Qinghai Song et al.

 
 

By dint of unique physical/chemical properties and bio-compatibility, graphene can work as a building block for a SERS substrate and open up a unique platform for tumor cells …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Logical operations with single x-ray photons via dynamically-controlled nuclear resonances

 
 

Jonas Gunst, Christoph H. Keitel, Adriana Pálffy

 
 

Photonic qubits lie at the heart of quantum information technology, often encoding information in their polarization state. So far, only low-frequency optical and infrared …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Competition between global and local online social networks

 
 

Kaj-Kolja Kleineberg, Marián Boguñá

 
 

The overwhelming success of online social networks, the key actors in the Web 2.0 cosmos, has reshaped human interactions globally. To help understand the fundamental mechanisms …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Initial rigid response and softening transition of highly stretchable kirigami sheet materials

 
 

Midori Isobe, Ko Okumura

 
 

We study, experimentally and theoretically, the mechanical response of sheet materials on which line cracks or cuts are arranged in a simple pattern. Such sheet materials, often …

 
 
 
 
 
 

0.26-Hz-linewidth ultrastable lasers at 1557 nm

 
 

Lifei Wu, Yanyi Jiang, Chaoqun Ma et al.

 
 

Narrow-linewidth ultrastable lasers at 1.5 μm are essential in many applications such as coherent transfer of light through fiber and precision spectroscopy. Those applications …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Low-temperature catalytic oxidative coupling of methane in an electric field over a Ce–W–O catalyst system

 
 

Kei Sugiura, Shuhei Ogo, Kousei Iwasaki et al.

 
 

We examined oxidative coupling of methane (OCM) over various Ce–W–O catalysts at 423 K in an electric field. Ce2(WO4)3/CeO2 catalyst showed high OCM activity. In a periodic …

 
 
 
 
 
 

A new type of power energy for accelerating chemical reactions: the nature of a microwave-driving force for accelerating chemical reactions

 
 

Jicheng Zhou, Wentao Xu, Zhimin You et al.

 
 

The use of microwave (MW) irradiation to increase the rate of chemical reactions has attracted much attention recently in nearly all fields of chemistry due to substantial …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Highly sensitive SnO2 sensor via reactive laser-induced transfer

 
 

Alexandra Palla Papavlu, Thomas Mattle, Sandra Temmel et al.

 
 

Gas sensors based on tin oxide (SnO2) and palladium doped SnO2 (Pd:SnO2) active materials are fabricated by a laser printing method, i.e. reactive laser-induced forward transfer …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Chaotic time series prediction for prenatal exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls in umbilical cord blood using the least squares SEATR model

 
 

Xijin Xu, Qian Tang, Haiyue Xia et al.

 
 

Chaotic time series prediction based on nonlinear systems showed a superior performance in prediction field. We studied prenatal exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) by …

 
 
 
 
 
 

3D printed cellular solid outperforms traditional stochastic foam in long-term mechanical response

 
 

A. Maiti, W. Small, J. P. Lewicki et al.

 
 

3D printing of polymeric foams by direct-ink-write is a recent technological breakthrough that enables the creation of versatile compressible solids with programmable …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Rapid Stencil Mask Fabrication Enabled One-Step Polymer-Free Graphene Patterning and Direct Transfer for Flexible Graphene Devices

 
 

Keong Yong, Ali Ashraf, Pilgyu Kang et al.

 
 

We report a one-step polymer-free approach to patterning graphene using a stencil mask and oxygen plasma reactive-ion etching, with a subsequent polymer-free direct transfer for …

 
 
 
 
 
 

High-mobility ZrInO thin-film transistor prepared by an all-DC-sputtering method at room temperature

 
 

Peng Xiao, Ting Dong, Linfeng Lan et al.

 
 

Thin-film transistors (TFTs) with zirconium-doped indium oxide (ZrInO) semiconductor were successfully fabricated by an all-DC-sputtering method at room temperature. The ZrInO …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Au-Ag-Cu nano-alloys: tailoring of permittivity

 
 

Yoshikazu Hashimoto, Gediminas Seniutinas, Armandas Balčytis et al.

 
 

Precious metal alloys enables new possibilities to tailor materials for specific optical functions. Here we present a systematic study of the effects of a nanoscale alloying on …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Long-Range Interactions Restrict Water Transport in Pyrophyllite Interlayers

 
 

Piotr Zarzycki, Benjamin Gilbert

 
 

Water diffusion within smectite clay interlayers is reduced by confinement and hence is highly determined by the interlayer spacings that are adopted during swelling. However, a …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Ear-body lift and a novel thrust generating mechanism revealed by the complex wake of brown long-eared bats (Plecotus auritus)

 
 

L. Christoffer Johansson, Jonas Håkansson, Lasse Jakobsen et al.

 
 

Large ears enhance perception of echolocation and prey generated sounds in bats. However, external ears likely impair aerodynamic performance of bats compared to birds. But large …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Accurate measurement of liquid transport through nanoscale conduits

 
 

Mohammad Amin Alibakhshi, Quan Xie, Yinxiao Li et al.

 
 

Nanoscale liquid transport governs the behaviour of a wide range of nanofluidic systems, yet remains poorly characterized and understood due to the enormous hydraulic resistance …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Complete Coherent Control of a Quantum Dot Strongly Coupled to a Nanocavity

 
 

Constantin Dory, Kevin A. Fischer, Kai Müller et al.

 
 

Strongly coupled quantum dot-cavity systems provide a non-linear configuration of hybridized light-matter states with promising quantum-optical applications. Here, we investigate …

 
 
 
 
 
 

A Chelation Strategy for In-situ Constructing Surface Oxygen Vacancy on {001} Facets Exposed BiOBr Nanosheets

 
 

Xiao-jing Wang, Ying Zhao, Fa-tang Li et al.

 
 

Surface defect of nanomaterials is an important physical parameter which significantly influences their physical and chemical performances. In this work, high concentration of …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Unconventional magnetisation texture in graphene/cobalt hybrids

 
 

A. D. Vu, J. Coraux, G. Chen et al.

 
 

Magnetic domain structure and spin-dependent reflectivity measurements on cobalt thin films intercalated at the graphene/Ir(111) interface are investigated using spin-polarised …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Optimisation of GaN LEDs and the reduction of efficiency droop using active machine learning

 
 

Bertrand Rouet-Leduc, Kipton Barros, Turab Lookman et al.

 
 

A fundamental challenge in the design of LEDs is to maximise electro-luminescence efficiency at high current densities. We simulate GaN-based LED structures that delay the onset …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Mechanism of stress-driven composition evolution during hetero-epitaxy in a ternary AlGaN system

 
 

Chenguang He, Zhixin Qin, Fujun Xu et al.

 
 

Two AlGaN samples with different strain were designed to investigate mechanism of stress-driven composition evolution. It is discovered that AlGaN grown on AlN or (AlN/GaN …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Excitation of propagating spin waves in ferromagnetic nanowires by microwave voltage-controlled magnetic anisotropy

 
 

Roman Verba, Mario Carpentieri, Giovanni Finocchio et al.

 
 

The voltage-controlled magnetic anisotropy (VCMA) effect, which manifests itself as variation of anisotropy of a thin layer of a conductive ferromagnet on a dielectric substrate …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Optical polarization and intervalley scattering in single layers of MoS2 and MoSe2

 
 

G. Kioseoglou, A. T. Hanbicki, M. Currie et al.

 
 

Single layers of MoS2 and MoSe2 were optically pumped with circularly polarized light and an appreciable polarization was initialized as the pump energy was varied. The circular …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Magnetic neutron scattering by magnetic vortices in thin submicron-sized soft ferromagnetic cylinders

 
 

Konstantin L. Metlov, Andreas Michels

 
 

Using analytical expressions for the magnetization textures of thin submicron-sized magnetic cylinders in vortex state, we derive closed-form algebraic expressions for the …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Efficiently-cooled plasmonic amorphous silicon solar cells integrated with a nano-coated heat-pipe plate

 
 

Yinan Zhang, Yanping Du, Clifford Shum et al.

 
 

Solar photovoltaics (PV) are emerging as a major alternative energy source. The cost of PV electricity depends on the efficiency of conversion of light to electricity. Despite of …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Partial Oxidized Arsenene: Emerging Tunable Direct Bandgap Semiconductor

 
 

Yu-Jiao Wang, Kai-Ge Zhou, Geliang Yu et al.

 
 

Arsenene, as a member of the Group V elemental two-dimensional materials appears on the horizon, has shown great prospects. However, its indirect bandgap limits the applications …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Real-time imaging through strongly scattering media: seeing through turbid media, instantly

 
 

Sriram Sudarsanam, James Mathew, Swapnesh Panigrahi et al.

 
 

Numerous everyday situations like navigation, medical imaging and rescue operations require viewing through optically inhomogeneous media. This is a challenging task as photons …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Disordered array of Au covered Silicon nanowires for SERS biosensing combined with electrochemical detection

 
 

Annalisa Convertino, Valentina Mussi, Luca Maiolo

 
 

We report on highly disordered array of Au coated silicon nanowires (Au/SiNWs) as surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) probe combined with electrochemical detection for …

 
 
 
 
 
 

MEMS Based Broadband Piezoelectric Ultrasonic Energy Harvester (PUEH) for Enabling Self-Powered Implantable Biomedical Devices

 
 

Qiongfeng Shi, Tao Wang, Chengkuo Lee

 
 

Acoustic energy transfer is a promising energy harvesting technology candidate for implantable biomedical devices. However, it does not show competitive strength for enabling …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Comparative study on the spectral properties of boron clusters Bn0/−1(n = 38–40)

 
 

Shixiong Li, Zhengping Zhang, Zhengwen Long et al.

 
 

The all-boron fullerenes B40−1 and B39−1 discovered in recent experiments are characterized and revealed using photoelectron spectroscopy. Except for the photoelectron …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Bright-field Nanoscopy: Visualizing Nano-structures with Localized Optical Contrast Using a Conventional Microscope

 
 

Swathi Suran, Krishna Bharadwaj, Srinivasan Raghavan et al.

 
 

Most methods for optical visualization beyond the diffraction limit rely on fluorescence emission by molecular tags. Here, we report a method for visualization of nanostructures …

 
 
 
 
 
 

A New Figure of Merit for Organic Solar Cells with Transport-limited Photocurrents

 
 

Dieter Neher, Juliane Kniepert, Arik Elimelech et al.

 
 

Compared to their inorganic counterparts, organic semiconductors suffer from relatively low charge carrier mobilities. Therefore, expressions derived for inorganic solar cells to …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Maximizing Photoluminescence Extraction in Silicon Photonic Crystal Slabs

 
 

Ali Mahdavi, George Sarau, Jolly Xavier et al.

 
 

Photonic crystal modes can be tailored for increasing light matter interactions and light extraction efficiencies. These PhC properties have been explored for improving the …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Using Wannier functions to improve solid band gap predictions in density functional theory

 
 

Jie Ma, Lin-Wang Wang

 
 

Enforcing a straight-line condition of the total energy upon removal/addition of fractional electrons on eigen states has been successfully applied to atoms and molecules for …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Size-tunable copper nanocluster aggregates and their application in hydrogen sulfide sensing on paper-based devices

 
 

Po-Cheng Chen, Yu-Chi Li, Jia-Yin Ma et al.

 
 

Polystyrene sulfonate (PSS), a strong polyelectrolyte, was used to prepare red photoluminescent PSS-penicillamine (PA) copper (Cu) nanoclusters (NC) aggregates, which displayed …

 
 
 
 
 
 

On residual stresses and homeostasis: an elastic theory of functional adaptation in living matter

 
 

P. Ciarletta, M. Destrade, A. L. Gower

 
 

Living matter can functionally adapt to external physical factors by developing internal tensions, easily revealed by cutting experiments. Nonetheless, residual stresses …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Rigorous Approach for Design of Differential Coupled-Line Directional Couplers Applicable in Integrated Circuits and Substrate-Embedded Networks

 
 

Kamil Staszek, Krzysztof Wincza, Slawomir Gruszczynski

 
 

We report rigorous approach for the design of differential coupled-line directional couplers in multilayer dielectric structures. In the proposed procedure numerically calculated …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Preparation of Nickel Cobalt Sulfide Hollow Nanocolloids with Enhanced Electrochemical Property for Supercapacitors Application

 
 

Zhenhua Chen, Zhanghui Wan, Tiezhu Yang et al.

 
 

Nanostructured functional materials with hollow interiors are considered to be good candidates for a variety of advanced applications. However, synthesis of uniform hollow …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Strong Surface Orientation Dependent Thermal Transport in Si Nanowires

 
 

Yanguang Zhou, Yuli Chen, Ming Hu

 
 

Thermoelectrics, which convert waste heat to electricity, offer an attractive pathway for addressing an important niche in the globally growing landscape of energy demand. …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Folding and Stabilization of Native-Sequence-Reversed Proteins

 
 

Yuanzhao Zhang, Jeffrey K Weber, Ruhong Zhou

 
 

Though the problem of sequence-reversed protein folding is largely unexplored, one might speculate that reversed native protein sequences should be significantly more foldable …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Non-invasive screening for early Alzheimer’s disease diagnosis by a sensitively immunomagnetic biosensor

 
 

Shan-Shan Li, Chih-Wen Lin, Kuo-Chen Wei et al.

 
 

Amyloid-beta peptide 1–42 (Aβ42) is considered as a reliable biomarker for the early diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Thus, it is urgent to develop a simple and efficient …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Combining measurements to estimate properties and characterization extent of complex biochemical mixtures; applications to Heparan Sulfate

 
 

Joël R. Pradines, Daniela Beccati, Miroslaw Lech et al.

 
 

Complex mixtures of molecular species, such as glycoproteins and glycosaminoglycans, have important biological and therapeutic functions. Characterization of these mixtures with …

 
 
 
 
 
 
   
 
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Cancer Research UK Beatson Institute in Glasgow 

 
 
 
 
 

University Postdoctoral Fellow

 
 

University of Connecticut 

 
 
 
 
 

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University of Dundee 

 
 
 
 
 

International PhD Fellowship Program

 
 

Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST) 

 
 
 
 
 

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The Pirbright Institute 

 
 
 
 
 

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LE STUDIUM 

 
 
 
 
 

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McLean Hospital/Harvard Medical School 

 
 
 
 
 

Group leader

 
 

Institut Curie 

 
 
 
 
 

Research Fellow

 
 

The University of Warwick 

 
 
 
 

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