Tuesday, February 14, 2017

Scientific Reports Earth Sciences Table of Contents e-alert: 14 February 2017

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  14 February 2017   
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Earth & Environmental Sciences

Corrigendum: The size-distribution of Earth’s lakes


B. B. Cael, D. A. Seekell



Ecological risk assessment on heavy metals in soils: Use of soil diffuse reflectance mid-infrared Fourier-transform spectroscopy


Cheng Wang, Wei Li, Mingxing Guo et al.


The bioavailability of heavy metals in soil is controlled by their concentrations and soil properties. Diffuse reflectance mid-infrared Fourier-transform spectroscopy (DRIFTS) is …


Antifouling potential of Nature-inspired sulfated compounds


Joana R. Almeida, Marta Correia-da-Silva, Emília Sousa et al.


Natural products with a sulfated scaffold have emerged as antifouling agents with low or nontoxic effects to the environment. In this study 13 sulfated polyphenols were …


Comparison of biological H2S removal characteristics between a composite packing material with and without functional microorganisms


Rencheng Zhu, Shunyi Li, Xiaofeng Bao et al.


The performances of two identical biofilters, filled with a new composite packing material (named CM-5) embedded with functional microorganisms or sterilized CM-5 without …


Linking gene expression to productivity to unravel long- and short-term responses of seagrasses exposed to CO2 in volcanic vents


Irene Olivé, João Silva, Chiara Lauritano et al.


Ocean acidification is a major threat for marine life but seagrasses are expected to benefit from high CO2. In situ (long-term) and transplanted (short-term) plant incubations of …


Mangroves as a major source of soil carbon storage in adjacent seagrass meadows


Guangcheng Chen, Muhammad Husni Azkab, Gail L. Chmura et al.


Mangrove forests have the potential to export carbon to adjacent ecosystems but whether mangrove-derived organic carbon (OC) would enhance the soil OC storage in seagrass meadows …


A small subset of protected areas are a highly significant source of carbon emissions


Murray B. Collins, Edward T. A. Mitchard


Protected areas (PAs) aim to protect multiple ecosystem services. However, not all are well protected. For the first time, using published carbon and forest loss maps, we …


Corrigendum: Association between dioxin and cancer incidence and mortality: a meta-analysis


Jinming Xu, Yao Ye, Fang Huang et al.



The spectral and spatial distribution of light pollution in the waters of the northern Gulf of Aqaba (Eilat)


Raz Tamir, Amit Lerner, Carynelisa Haspel et al.


The urbanization of the shores of the Gulf of Aqaba has exposed the marine environment there, including unique fringing coral reefs, to strong anthropogenic light sources. Here …


ENSO elicits opposing responses of semi-arid vegetation between Hemispheres


Anzhi Zhang, Gensuo Jia, Howard E. Epstein et al.


Semi-arid ecosystems are key contributors to the global carbon cycle and may even dominate the inter-annual variability (IAV) and trends of the land carbon sink, driven largely …


Transcriptome profiling of Galaxea fascicularis and its endosymbiont Symbiodinium reveals chronic eutrophication tolerance pathways and metabolic mutualism between partners


Zhenyue Lin, Mingliang Chen, Xu Dong et al.


In the South China Sea, coastal eutrophication in the Beibu Gulf has seriously threatened reef habitats by subjecting corals to chronic physiological stress. To determine how …


Mediterranean versus Red sea corals facing climate change, a transcriptome analysis


Keren Maor-Landaw, Hiba Waldman Ben-Asher, Sarit Karako-Lampert et al.


The anthropogenic increase in atmospheric CO2 that drives global warming and ocean acidification raises serious concerns regarding the future of corals, the main carbonate …


Long-term nitrogen fertilization decreased the abundance of inorganic phosphate solubilizing bacteria in an alkaline soil


Bang-Xiao Zheng, Xiu-Li Hao, Kai Ding et al.


Inorganic phosphate solubilizing bacteria (iPSB) are essential to facilitate phosphorus (P) mobilization in alkaline soil, however, the phylogenetic structure of iPSB communities …


A Floral Fragrance, Methyl Benzoate, is An Efficient Green Pesticide


Yan Feng, Aijun Zhang


Over-reliance on synthetic pesticides in insect pest control has caused widespread public and scientific concerns for human health and the environment, especially since many …


Trapping Phenomenon Attenuates the Consequences of Tipping Points for Limit Cycles


Everton S. Medeiros, Iberê L. Caldas, Murilo S. Baptista et al.


Nonlinear dynamical systems may be exposed to tipping points, critical thresholds at which small changes in the external inputs or in the system’s parameters abruptly shift the …


Multivariate approach to quantitative analysis of Aphis gossypii Glover (Hemiptera: Aphididae) and their natural enemy populations at different cotton spacings


José B. Malaquias, Francisco S. Ramalho, Carlos T. dos S. Dias et al.


The relationship between pests and natural enemies using multivariate analysis on cotton in different spacing has not been documented yet. Using multivariate approaches is …


Penetration-enhancement underlies synergy of plant essential oil terpenoids as insecticides in the cabbage looper, Trichoplusia ni


Jun-Hyung Tak, Murray B. Isman


Many plant essential oils and their terpenoid constituents possess bioactivities including insecticidal activity, and they sometimes act synergistically when mixed. Although …


Clay mineralogical and geochemical proxies of the East Asian summer monsoon evolution in the South China Sea during Late Quaternary


Quan Chen, Zhifei Liu, Catherine Kissel


The East Asian summer monsoon controls the climatic regime of an extended region through temperature and precipitation changes. As the East Asian summer monsoon is primarily …


Long-term growth of temperate broadleaved forests no longer benefits soil C accumulation


Yu-he Ji, Ke Guo, Shi-bo Fang et al.


It is widely recognized that the long-term growth of forests benefits biomass carbon (C) sequestration, but it is not known whether the long-term growth of forests would also …


Uncertainties in the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) Heights: Insights from the Indian Himalaya and Peninsula


Manas Mukul, Vinee Srivastava, Sridevi Jade et al.


The Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) Digital Terrain Elevation Data (DTED) are used with the consensus view that it has a minimum vertical accuracy of 16 m absolute error …


Laser-plasma-based Space Radiation Reproduction in the Laboratory


B. Hidding, O. Karger, T. Königstein et al.


Space radiation is a great danger to electronics and astronauts onboard space vessels. The spectral flux of space electrons, protons and ions for example in the radiation belts …


Historical factors shaped species diversity and composition of Salix in eastern Asia


Qinggang Wang, Xiangyan Su, Nawal Shrestha et al.


Ambient energy, niche conservatism, historical climate stability and habitat heterogeneity hypothesis have been proposed to explain the broad-scale species diversity patterns and …


Nitrate leaching in a winter wheat-summer maize rotation on a calcareous soil as affected by nitrogen and straw management


Tao Huang, Xiaotang Ju, Hao Yang


Nitrate leaching is one of the most important pathways of nitrogen (N) loss which leads to groundwater contamination or surface water eutrophication. Clarifying the rates, …


Multiple tropical Andean glaciations during a period of late Pliocene warmth


Nicholas J. Roberts, René W. Barendregt, John J. Clague


The extent and behaviour of glaciers during the mid-Piacenzian warm period illustrate the sensitivity of the cryosphere to atmospheric CO2 concentrations above pre-industrial …


Development of a Novel Simulation Reactor for Chronic Exposure to Atmospheric Particulate Matter


Jianhuai Ye, Sepehr Salehi, Michelle L. North et al.


Epidemiological studies have shown that air pollution is associated with the morbidity and mortality from cardiopulmonary diseases. Currently, limited experimental models are …


On our rapidly shrinking capacity to comply with the planetary boundaries on climate change


Jean-Denis Mathias, John M. Anderies, Marco A. Janssen


The planetary boundary framework constitutes an opportunity for decision makers to define climate policy through the lens of adaptive governance. Here, we use the DICE model to …


Investigating the temporal dynamics of suspended sediment during flood events with 7Be and 210Pbxs measurements in a drained lowland catchment


Marion Le Gall, Olivier Evrard, Anthony Foucher et al.


Soil erosion is recognized as one of the main processes of land degradation in agricultural areas. High suspended sediment loads, often generated from eroding agricultural …


Variation among conventional cultivars could be used as a criterion for environmental safety assessment of Bt rice on nontarget arthropods


Fang Wang, Cong Dang, Xuefei Chang et al.


The current difficulty facing risk evaluations of Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) crops on nontarget arthropods (NTAs) is the lack of criteria for determining what represents …

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