Monday, January 16, 2017

Science X Newsletter Monday, Jan 16

Dear Reader ,

Here is your customized Science X Newsletter for January 16, 2017:

Spotlight Stories Headlines

Graphene photodetector enhanced by fractal golden 'snowflake'

Small long-serving satellite observes ammonia emission from the center of our galaxy

Best of Last Week – Chinese humanoid robot, Pentagon tests drone swarm and bilingualism found to save brain resources

A novel way to put flame retardant in a lithium ion battery

A natural compound can block the formation of toxins associated with Parkinson's disease

Theory lends transparency to how glass breaks

How to be winner in the game of evolution

Soil fungi help tree seedlings survive, influence forest diversity

SpaceX launches, lands rocket for first time since Sept blast (Update)

Seeing the quantum future... literally

Diversification key to resilient fishing communities

E-waste in East and Southeast Asia jumps 63 percent in five years

Here's looking at new tech and concepts for future skyscrapers

Common crop chemical leaves bees susceptible to deadly viruses

Considering cattle could help eliminate malaria in India

Astronomy & Space news

Small long-serving satellite observes ammonia emission from the center of our galaxy

(—Completing its 16th year in orbit, a small Swedish astrophysics and aeronomy satellite named "Odin" has proven that it is still capable of carrying out important observations of space. The spacecraft has lately observed ammonia (NH3) emissions from an astronomical radio source known as Sagittarius A* (Sgr A* for short) at the center of the Milky Way galaxy. The results of these observations were published January 10 in a paper available on

SpaceX launches, lands rocket for first time since Sept blast (Update)

SpaceX on Saturday successfully launched and landed its first unmanned Falcon 9 rocket since a costly and complicated launchpad explosion in September.

A universe of 2 trillion galaxies

An international team of astronomers, led by Christopher Conselice, Professor of Astrophysics at the University of Nottingham, have found that the universe contains at least 2 trillion galaxies, ten times more than previously thought. The team's work, which began with seed-corn funding from the Royal Astronomical Society, appears in the Astrophysical Journal today.

Microbes could survive thin air of Mars

Microbes that rank among the simplest and most ancient organisms on Earth could survive the extremely thin air of Mars, a new study finds.

Astrophysicists discover dimming of binary star

A team of University of Notre Dame astrophysicists led by Peter Garnavich, professor of physics, has observed the unexplained fading of an interacting binary star, one of the first discoveries using the University's Sarah L. Krizmanich Telescope.

SpaceX poised to launch for first time since Sept blast

SpaceX is poised to blast off a Falcon 9 rocket on Saturday, marking its first return to flight since a costly and complicated launchpad explosion in September.

Japan aborts mini-rocket mission shortly after liftoff

Japan's space agency Sunday aborted a mission to use a mini-rocket to send a satellite into orbit after the spacecraft stopped sending data to ground control shortly after liftoff.

Image: Daily sun images of 2016

This montage of 366 images shows our sun through the eyes of ESA's Proba-2 satellite, as seen each day in 2016.

Image: Crescent Jupiter with the Great Red Spot

This image of a crescent Jupiter and the iconic Great Red Spot was created by a citizen scientist (Roman Tkachenko) using data from Juno's JunoCam instrument. You can also see a series of storms shaped like white ovals, known informally as the 'string of pearls.' Below the Great Red Spot a reddish long-lived storm known as Oval BA is visible.

The Australian Square Kilometre Array Pathfinder finally hits the big-data highway

You know how long it takes to pack the car to go on holidays. But there's a moment when you're all in, everyone has their seatbelt on, you pull out of the drive and you're off.

New atmospheric detector technology demonstrated on a CubeSat

The GEO-CAPE ROIC In- Flight Performance Experiment (GRIFEX) CubeSat was launched from Vandenberg Air Force Base on Saturday, January 31, 2015, as an auxiliary payload to the Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) mission.

Mars Curiosity rolls up to potential new meteorite

Rolling up the slopes of Mt. Sharp recently, NASA's Curiosity rover appears to have stumbled across yet another meteorite, its third since touching down nearly four and a half years ago. While not yet confirmed, the turkey-shaped object has a gray, metallic luster and a lightly-dimpled texture that hints of regmaglypts. Regmaglypts, indentations that resemble thumbprints in Play-Doh, are commonly seen in meteorites and caused by softer materials stripped from the rock's surface during the brief but intense heat and pressure of its plunge through the atmosphere.

First color image from the joint UK and Algeria CubeSat Mission

AlSat Nano, which was designed and built at the University of Surrey in just 18 months, has captured and downloaded its first full colour image—a step forward in demonstrated UK nanosatellite capability.

Presumed young star turns out to be a galactic senior citizen

49 Lib, a relatively bright star in the southern sky, is 12 billion years old rather than just 2.3 billion. For many decades, researchers were stumped by conflicting data pertaining to this celestial body, because they had estimated it as much younger than it really is. Determining its age anew, astronomers at Ruhr-Universität Bochum (RUB) have now successfully resolved all inconsistencies. Dr Klaus Fuhrmann and Prof Dr Rolf Chini published their results in the Astrophysical Journal.

Gene Cernan, last astronaut on the moon, dies at 82

Former astronaut Gene Cernan, the last of only a dozen men to walk on the moon who returned to Earth with a message of "peace and hope for all mankind," has died. He was 82.

SpaceX Falcon 9 comes roaring back to life with dramatically successful Iridium fleet launch and ocean ship landing

SpaceX Falcon 9 comes roaring back to life with dramatically successful Iridium fleet launch and ocean ship landing

Mapping the skies for Earth-like exoplanets

EU scientists have helped to confirm the existence of Earth-like exoplanets and issued weather reports from planets 1 000 light years away.

Nine prominent early astronauts carrying on US space history

Early U.S. space history is fading with the deaths of Gene Cernan, the last man to walk on the moon, John Glenn, the last of the Mercury 7 astronauts, and Neil Armstrong, the first man to walk on the moon. But others survive, veterans of a time when Americans were glued to their television sets to watch their heroics, from fiery Saturn V launches to ocean splashdowns.

Technology news

Here's looking at new tech and concepts for future skyscrapers

(Tech Xplore)—Materials science is always an interesting field of research, looking at novel materials and how they might change the way we live—-or looking at traditional materials but in novel applications.

Wristwatch clockwork used for addressing power issue in implantable devices

(Tech Xplore)—How to transform the kinetic energy of the heart into electrical energy? How about the clockwork of a wristwatch. Really? Can a Swiss watch and heartbeat do good things as a pair?

Two years after the hack, Sony CEO Lynton exits for Snap Inc.

Two years after guiding the company through an unprecedented email hack, Sony Entertainment CEO Michael Lynton is leaving the company to become the chairman of the board for Snap Inc., the company behind Snapchat.

China aircraft carrier capabilities tested on latest mission

China's sole aircraft carrier has returned home following a far-ranging three-week training mission during which its combat capabilities were closely scrutinized and speculation soared over what future role the flat-top will play amid China's growing military ambitions.

Seagate to cut more than 2,000 China jobs: reports

US hard-disk drive manufacturer Seagate Technology will lay off more than 2,000 Chinese workers as it shutters a factory in eastern China, reports said Saturday, prompting anger among employees.

Facebook announces 'fake news' offensive in Germany

Social media giant Facebook announced Sunday that it will introduce new measures to combat fake news in Germany, as Europe's largest economy and most populous nation enters an election year.

Not enough investment in renewables: IRENA

Money invested in renewable energy is not enough to reach a climate goal of limiting global warming to 2.0 degrees Celsius, an Abu Dhabi-based green energy organisation said Sunday.

Scientists propose a novel regional path tracking scheme for autonomous ground vehicles

For autonomous ground vehicles (AGVs), one of the most important issues is path tracking. Conventionally, steering and velocity control are two typical aspects of the path tracking problem. Steering control is key because it is important to path tracking and related to vehicle lateral stability. Most existing algorithms have been developed based on a point-line vehicle-road model. They regard the vehicle as a rigid point, and employ a continuous curve or discrete points to describe the desired path. Compared with practical situations, this may cause collisions when tracking a more complex road ignoring the size and shape of AGVs. In addition, ignoring the width of the road may make AGVs deviate from the designated road region. However, according to the corresponding literature, there are few discussions of path tracking that consider the shape of the vehicle and width of the road.

Unique tiltrotor test rig to begin operational runs at NASA ames

Someday, we may be able to commute to our jobs in aircraft that can take off and land like a helicopter, but fly like a plane. Developing these advanced tiltrotors is no simple task, so NASA is installing a new rig that will let experts test them at an unprecedented scale in wind tunnels, where pilots' lives won't be on the line.

Teaching computers to recognize sick guts—machine learning and the microbiome

A new proof-of-concept study by researchers from the University of California San Diego succeeded in training computers to "learn" what a healthy versus an unhealthy gut microbiome looks like based on its genetic makeup. Since this can be done by genetically sequencing fecal samples, the research suggests there is great promise for new diagnostic tools that are, unlike blood draws, non-invasive.

After long decline, St. Louis tries to rebuild with startups

It's tough to rebuild a city's image when the national perception is that it peaked a century ago, and when recent news has sometimes been dismal.

Report: Trucking firms using gadgets to cheat on emissions

German public broadcaster ZDF reports that trucking companies in Europe may be using electronic equipment to commit large-scale emissions fraud.

Now drivers can hear ambulances no matter how loud their music is playing

If you've ever been startled by the sudden appearance of an ambulance while blasting music in your car, then you appreciate the value of a loud siren. Fortunately, your car is probably equipped already to receive warning signals on its audio system, thanks to a new solution developed by students in Sweden.

Cuba sees explosion in internet access as ties with US grow

Two days before Christmas, Luis Gonzalez received a little Chinese modem from Cuba's state-owned telecommunications company.

Opinion: What does Trump's election mean for digital freedom of speech?

As the shock of Donald Trump's election victory is giving way to analysis about how his presidency will affect Americans' lives, our digital freedom of speech deserves special consideration. The ability to express ourselves freely is a fundamental right guaranteed to us all.

Medicine & Health news

A natural compound can block the formation of toxins associated with Parkinson's disease

A naturally-occurring compound has been found to block a molecular process thought to underlie Parkinson's Disease, and to suppress its toxic products, scientists have reported.

Best treatment option written in cancer's genetic script: AML study finds personalised therapy is possible

An international collaboration led by clinical researchers at the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute has shown proof-of-concept that truly personalised therapy will be possible in the future for people with cancer. Details of how a knowledge bank could be used to find the best treatment option for people with acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) are published today in Nature Genetics.

Potentially reversible changes in gene control 'prime' pancreatic cancer cells to spread

A multicenter team of researchers reports that a full genomic analysis of tumor samples from a small number of people who died of pancreatic cancer suggests that chemical changes to DNA that do not affect the DNA sequence itself yet control how it operates confer survival advantages on subsets of pancreatic cancer cells. Those advantages, the researchers say, let such cancer cells thrive in organs like the liver and lungs, which receive a sugar-rich blood supply.

Persistent infection keeps immune memory sharp, leading to long-term protection

Many infectious diseases are one and done; people get sick once and then they are protected from another bout of the same illness. For some of these infections - chickenpox, for example - a small number of microbes persist in the body long after the symptoms have gone away. Often, such microbes can reactivate when the person's immunity has waned with age or illness, and cause disease again.

Protein may protect tumor-initiating breast cancer cells

Massachusetts General Hospital investigators have identified a protein that may play an essential role in maintaining a population of tumor-initiating cells (TICs)—treatment-resistant cells responsible for cancer recurrence and metastasis—in breast cancer, as well as a compound that appears to reduce the molecule's ability to protect TICs from the effects of chemotherapy. Results of the team's study are being published online in PNAS.

Drug-resistant 'nightmare bacteria' show worrisome ability to diversify and spread

A family of highly drug-resistant and potentially deadly bacteria may be spreading more widely—and more stealthily—than previously thought, according to a new study from Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health and the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard.

Metabolic sensor causes granulomas to form

Granulomas are tissue nodules of immune cells that occur in diseases such as tuberculosis and sarcoidosis and can damage many organs. For the first time, a team of researchers at the Center for Pathobiochemistry and Genetics at MedUni Vienna has identified what causes them to form. It is the chronic activation of the metabolic sensor mTOR (mammalian Target Of Rapamycin) that is responsible for the formation of granulomas. The scientists also discovered that, in sarcoidosis (in which granulomas cause damage to the lungs), this mechanism leads to a course that is chronic and difficult to treat. Since mTOR inhibitors belong to a group of drugs already licensed for clinical use, these findings, which have now been published in Nature Immunology, offer new and quickly testable treatment options.

Can coffee perk up heart health, too?

The caffeine in your morning cup of joe may do more than jolt you awake—it may also help dampen the type of inflammation that's linked to heart disease risk factors, a new study suggests.

US woman dies of infection resistant to all 26 available antibiotics

A US woman has died from an infection that was resistant to all 26 available antibiotics, health officials said this week, raising new concerns about the rise of dangerous superbugs.

Ebola's long-term effects revealed

People who survive Ebola may still battle debilitating health problems a year after being declared infection-free, according to an ongoing trial in Guinea which highlighted the need for patient followup.

Winter crisis shows UK health service at 'tipping point'

Britain's NHS public health service has been the country's pride since 1948, but is currently gripped by a "humanitarian crisis" due to alleged "third world" conditions that are piling pressure on Prime Minister Theresa May.

China roast duck vendor dies of H7N9 bird flu: Xinhua

A roast duck vendor has died of bird flu in central China, the official Xinhua news agency said Saturday, the latest human casualty of the disease this winter.

Pace of influenza activity picking up across the US

(HealthDay)—The pace of flu activity continues to quicken across the United States, and probably hasn't peaked yet, according to an assessment by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Taking the bite out of frostbite

(HealthDay)—Did you know frostbite can occur within minutes?

Retail therapy for jealous partners

Have you ever felt jealous about the attention your romantic partner was giving to someone else? Perhaps your significant other seems to be enjoying a conversation with someone a little too much, or a co-worker is flirting with your partner at a company holiday party.

Rapidly meeting the mental health needs of older adults

Nearly 20 percent of older Americans experience depression and the highest rate of suicide is among older adult Caucasian males. Despite the anticipated growth of mental health needs as the U.S. population ages, there is only one geriatric psychiatrist for every 23,000 older Americans. By 2030, there will only be one geriatric psychiatrist for every 27,000 adults 65 and older. How is the health care system expected to rapidly close this gap for the mental health needs of older adults?

Poll: Parents struggle with when to keep kids home sick from school

It can be a nerve-wracking, game time decision for parents: whether their sick child should stay home from school.

SE Asia's first heart transplant patient dies at 76

Southeast Asia's first heart transplant patient and one of the world's longest surviving cases has died, his family said Monday, more than 31 years after his operation.

Scientists map the genome of a dangerous malaria vector mosquito

An international collaborative of researchers has completed work on the physical mapping of the genome of one of the malaria vectors in Central and South America—the malaria mosquito Anopheles albimanus. The map opens a new page in the study of one of the most dangerous carriers of the causative agents of malaria, from which more than 400,000 people in the world die each year, and extends the possibilities in the fight against the deadly infection.

Atrial fibrillation more prevalent in dialysis patients than expected

Atrial fibrillation, which is the most common cardiac arrhythmia, is an important risk factor for strokes. A multi-centre study led by MedUni Vienna shows that the prevalence of atrial fibrillation in haemodialysis patients in Vienna is significantly higher than previously thought. Moreover, only half of the patients affected are treated with an anticoagulant.

Opinion: Why is the norovirus such a huge problem for the NHS?

Norovirus, also known as winter vomiting disease, is on the rise again according to a report in the BMJ. A familiar set of warnings about ward closures and avoiding visits to patients in hospital was also issued, but why does this one virus cause the NHS such difficulty?

Processing speed training can improve cognitive ability and lift depression in the elderly

Researchers at Tohoku University have developed a new Processing Speed Training Game (PSTG) using a Tablet PC, which they say can significantly improve processing speed and inhibition among healthy older adults, while also reducing their depressive moods when played regularly.

Smoothly sailing into elementary school for children with autism spectrum disorder

Do you remember a teacher who changed your life for the better? Many people do, and scores of studies suggest that positive student-teacher relationships are one of the best predictors of children's academic success.

Vision impairment and eye diseases continue to be concerns for Ebola survivors

The acute outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) has subsided in West Africa, but the medical community continues to learn about long-term complications for survivors – including the potential for blinding eye disease. One particular condition of concern is uveitis, according to research published in the December 2016 issue of Ophthalmology by physicians from the Emory Eye Center and ELWA Hospital in Monrovia, Liberia.

Are prebiotics the answer for lactose intolerance?

For most of us, lactose is one of the first things that we consume – whether in the form of breast milk or formula. But as we age, our bodies express less and less of the enzyme lactase that helps our bodies break down the lactose in milk and other dairy products. Around 75 percent of the global population will eventually develop lactose intolerance.

Study finds high survival rate for elderly patients with implantable defibrillator

Of patients over age 65 who received an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) after surviving sudden cardiac arrest or a near-fatal arrhythmia, almost 80 percent survived two years—a higher rate than found in past trials performed to demonstrate the efficacy of the devices in this situation, according to a study today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

In a first-of-its-kind discovery, bacteria found to form potentially infective prions

Nerve-damaging protein particles called prions have long been known to exist in mammals.

The quest by parents and scientists to end pediatric epilepsy

Piper Wood had her first seizure in a setting meant for sunscreen, snorkels, shovels, and pails. The island was remote – that was the point of this family vacation. Six months old and turning blue, Piper finally calmed down and drew breath again after the island's well-trained doctor brought her hour-long seizure to a halt by admin- istering a mix of morphine and water into one of her tiny veins. Tim and Ashley Wood needed to get their daughter to a better-equipped hospital immediately, but night had fallen and no medevac could land in the dark. Word spread quickly, and, one by one, villagers arrived in their cars and parked side by side with their headlights shining on the runway.

Marijuana compounds show promise in treatment of cardiac disease

A Nevada company is hoping to develop new medicines for heart failure using compounds in marijuana and a novel therapy identified by a University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa researcher.

New research study creates new opportunities for treating brain diseases

Immunotherapy has proven to be effective against many serious diseases. But to treat diseases in the brain, the antibodies must first get past the obstacle of the blood-brain barrier. In a new study, a research group at Uppsala University describes their development of a new antibody design that increases brain uptake of antibodies almost 100-fold.

Researchers find that certain anti-influenza compounds also inhibit Zika virus infection

Researchers from the University of Helsinki have shown that three anti-influenza compounds effectively inhibit Zika virus infection in human cells. The results provide the foundation for development of the broad-spectrum cell-directed antivirals or their combinations for treatment of Zika and other emerging viral diseases.

Bee alert but not alarmed—humble bee among Australia's most lethal

An Australian-first national analysis of 13 years' data on bites and stings from venomous creatures reveals Australia's towns and cities are a hot-spot for encounters.

Kids born to opioid-addicted moms seem to fare poorly in school

(HealthDay)—Children exposed to addictive drugs in the womb may be more likely to perform poorly in school, Australian researchers report.

How 'stealth warrior' bacteria turn a tick's gut microbes against itself

Before infecting humans, tick-borne bacteria or viruses first have to get past a tick's defenses to colonize it. How this occurs is not well understood. To investigate, Yale researchers studied a model of the second-most-common tick-borne infection in the United States, human granulocytic anaplasmosis, which can cause headaches, muscle pain, and even death.

Smoking related imagery absent from only one James Bond movie to date

Smoking related imagery is conspicuous by its absence from only one Bond movie since 007 first graced cinema screens in 1962, finds an analysis in Tobacco Control.

The lasting effects of ministrokes may contribute to dementia

Evidence overwhelmingly supports a link between cognitive decline and cerebrovascular diseases such as atherosclerosis, arteriolosclerosis, and cerebral amyloid angiopathy. Not only do individuals with cerebrovascular diseases have a much higher incidence of cortical microinfarcts (mini-strokes), but post-mortem histological and in vivo radiological studies also find that the burden of microinfarcts is significantly greater among people with vascular cognitive impairment and dementia (VCID) than in age-matched, non-demented individuals.

IRS reminds millions about fines for not signing up for Obamacare

(HealthDay)—Even as Republicans in Congress race to repeal the Affordable Care Act, the IRS is reminding millions of Americans they still need to sign up soon for health insurance if they don't want to pay fines.

Debunking winter weather myths

(HealthDay)—A hot toddy may seem like a good way to stay toasty on a freezing day because it makes blood rush to your skin's surface. But drinking alcohol actually speeds heat loss, according to experts.

Addition of cetuximab to CRT cuts locoregional failure in anal CA

(HealthDay)—Addition of cetuximab to chemoradiation (CRT) is associated with a reduction in locoregional failure (LRF) rates in squamous cell carcinoma of the anal canal (SCCAC), according to a study published online Jan. 9 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

BNP, Gal-3 levels predict 60-day readmission in heart failure

(HealthDay)—For patients with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF), measurement of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and galectin-3 (Gal-3) before discharge can predict hospital readmission within 60 days, according to a study published in the Feb. 1 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

Video intervention persuasive for screening recommendations

(HealthDay)—A novel video intervention can alter the screening intentions of a target audience, in line with evidence-based recommendations, according to a study published in the January/February issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

Sunflower seed oil, baby lotion don't harm skin barrier function

(HealthDay)—Neither sunflower seed oil (SSO) nor baby lotion (L) harms skin barrier function adaptation in healthy full-term neonates, according to a study published online Jan. 10 in the Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology.

Short interval after pregnancy termination ups preterm risk

(HealthDay)—A short interpregnancy interval after termination of pregnancy is associated with increased risk of preterm birth in subsequent birth, according to a study published in the February issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Educational methods have improved bowel prep compliance

(HealthDay)—Recently developed educational methods have improved patient compliance with bowel preparation for colonoscopy, according to a review published online Jan. 5 in the Journal of Digestive Diseases.

Risk of post-op infections up in overweight, obese children

(HealthDay)—Overweight and obese children seem to be more likely than others to develop postoperative surgical site infections, according to a study published recently in Surgical Infections.

Mortality risk in T2DM increased with depression and/or anxiety

(HealthDay)—For individuals with type 2 diabetes, anxiety symptoms affect mortality risk, independently of depression symptoms, and attenuate the excess mortality associated with depression, according to a study published online Jan. 11 in Diabetes Care.

When stents don't work for blocked arteries, targeted radiation may help

Four times, Elaine Paparella Vandeputte underwent balloon angioplasty to clear dangerous blockages in her right coronary artery, usually also having stents implanted to prop open the blood vessel.

Cheaper over-the-counter hearing aids could be on the way

Imagine seniors walking around with stylish ear devices that amplify and clarify sound and connect wirelessly to smart phones, tablets, televisions and digital assistants such as Amazon's Alexa or Apple's Siri.

Why some men need to get mammograms, and even consider a mastectomy, too

Earlier this year, Dr. Jason Dranove had a mastectomy to prevent breast cancer.

Infectious diseases A-Z: identifying meningitis

It's the height of flu season but not all symptoms of the flu virus point to influenza. Sudden fever and headache also may be symptoms of early meningitis, which often mimics the flu.

Benzodiazepines and related drugs increase stroke risk among persons with Alzheimer's disease

The use of benzodiazepines and benzodiazepine-like drugs was associated with a 20 per cent increased risk of stroke among persons with Alzheimer's disease, shows a recent study from the University of Eastern Finland. Benzodiazepines were associated with a similar risk of stroke as benzodiazepine-like drugs.

North Dakota lawmakers want more time on medical pot rules

Caught off-guard by voters in this highly conservative state approving medical marijuana, North Dakota lawmakers said Monday that more time is needed to implement the law.

Biology news

How to be winner in the game of evolution

A new study by University of Arizona biologists helps explain why different groups of animals differ dramatically in their number of species, and how this is related to differences in their body forms and ways of life.

Diversification key to resilient fishing communities

Fishing communities can survive—and even thrive—as fish abundance and market prices shift if they can catch a variety of species and nimbly move from one fishery to the next.

Common crop chemical leaves bees susceptible to deadly viruses

A chemical that is thought to be safe and is, therefore, widely used on crops—such as almonds, wine grapes and tree fruits—to boost the performance of pesticides, makes honey bee larvae significantly more susceptible to a deadly virus, according to researchers at Penn State and the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Considering cattle could help eliminate malaria in India

The goal of eliminating malaria in countries like India could be more achievable if mosquito-control efforts take into account the relationship between mosquitoes and cattle, according to an international team of researchers.

SMiLE-seq: A new technique speeds up genetics

Scientists at EPFL have developed a technique that can be a game-changer for genetics by making the characterization of DNA-binding proteins much faster, more accurate, and efficient.

Study finds brain locale of metamemory in macaque monkeys

(—A team of researchers with the University of Tokyo School of Medicine has found strong evidence for the location in the brain of metamemory in macaque monkeys. In their paper published in the journal Science, the team describes their three-pronged approach to search for the location and what they found.

How China is poised for marine fisheries reform

As global fish stocks continue sinking to alarmingly low levels, a joint study by marine fisheries experts from within and outside of China concluded that the country's most recent fisheries conservation plan can achieve a true paradigm shift in marine fisheries management - but only if the Chinese government embraces major institutional reform.

New tools will drive greater understanding of wheat genes

Howard Hughes Medical Institute scientists have developed a much-needed genetic resource that will greatly accelerate the study of gene functions in wheat. The resource, a collection of wheat seeds with more than 10 million sequenced and carefully catalogued genetic mutations, is freely available to wheat breeders and researchers, and is already aiding in the development of wheat plants with improved traits.

New study reveals the structure of DNA helicase at the replication fork

Scientists at Van Andel Research Institute and Rockefeller University have successfully described a crucial structure involved in DNA replication, placing another piece in the puzzle of how life propagates.

Ants need work-life balance, research suggests

As humans, we constantly strive for a good work-life balance. New findings by researchers at Missouri University of Science and Technology suggest that ants, long perceived as the workaholics of the insect world, do the same.

Killer whales could have quiet space off Washington coast

The federal government is considering whether it should set up an area off Washington's San Juan Island where endangered killer whales would be protected from motorboats and other disturbances.

Intensive animal production may boost flu pandemic threat

Mass livestock production is driving molecular changes in diseases that could lead to human pandemics, according to an expert from the University of Exeter.

Researchers clearly image internal and external structure of bacteria

Freezing bacteria super fast to gain a true-to-nature image of the internal and external structure. Ariane Briegel Professor of Ultrastructural Biology came to Leiden specially to carry out this research. Leiden University is one of the few institutes in the world to have the necessary equipment. Inaugural lecture 13 January.

Study finds new target for controlling cell division

Modern genome sequencing methods used to measure the efficiency of synthesis of individual protein during cell division has found that the enzymes that make lipids and membranes were synthesized at much greater efficiency when a cell is ready to split.

Sea Shepherd finds Japanese ship 'with slaughtered whale'

A Japanese ship has been caught with a slaughtered whale in the Antarctic in defiance of an international court decision against Tokyo's hunts, activist group Sea Shepherd said Sunday.

Uganda detects bird flu

Uganda announced Sunday it had detected bird flu among migratory birds, without specifying whether it was the particularly virulent H5 strain detected this season in countries worldwide.

Cutest captain: Sea lion caught in fishing gear hops on boat

Officials say a juvenile sea lion was so happy to be rescued after getting hooked by fishing gear off Southern California, it jumped into a Coast Guard boat.

This email is a free service of Science X Network
You received this email because you subscribed to our list.
If you no longer want to receive this email use the link below to unsubscribe.
You are subscribed as

No comments: