Monday, June 4, 2018

Nature Physics June Issue

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Nature Physics

June 2018 Volume 14, Issue 6

Books & Arts
Research Highlights
News & Views
Amendments & Corrections
Measure for Measure
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Nuclear transitions    p525



The ladder of chemical knowledge    p526
Mark Buchanan

Innovations In: The Biggest Questions in Science

Read our new special report on the nature of spacetime, the origin of life, the source of consciousness, and other fundamental questions in science. 

Access free online: 

Produced with support from:
The Kavli Prize 

Books & Arts


In our time    p527
Federico Levi

Research Highlights


Friendly persistence    p528
Andreas H. Trabesinger

Metachronal magnets    p528
Abigail Klopper

Black hole limits    p528
David Abergel

Sound as a Bell    p528
Federico Levi

Function at the junction    p528
Jan Philip Kraack

JOBS of the week
Senior Scientist - Physics
Scion - New Zealand Forest Research Institute Limited
Postdoctoral Research Fellow
Max Planck - UBC - UTokyo Centre for Quantum Materials
research assistant (PhD-student)
Freie Universität Berlin, Germany
Faculty and Postdoctoral Positions in School of Physics and Electronics at Central South University
Central South University
More Science jobs from
The 5th Conference on New Advances in Condensed Matter Physics (NACMP 2018)
Kunming, China
More science events from

News & Views


Leaps of quantum phase    pp529 - 530
Leonid Glazman

Quantum supremacy, here we come    pp530 - 531
Barbara M. Terhal

Better than Brillouin    pp531 - 532
Jeremy Bourhill & Michael E. Tobar

The push for a place in the crowd    pp533 - 534
Jacob Notbohm & Brian Burkel

Roll up your sleeves    p534
Yun Li



The limits of nuclear mass and charge    pp537 - 541
Witold Nazarewicz

The addition of nihonium, moscovium, tennessine and oganesson to the periodic table are a reminder of the achievements in nuclear physics and chemistry. Witold Nazarewicz outlines the future challenges for the field.




Network structure from rich but noisy data    pp542 - 545
M. E. J. Newman

A technique allows optimal inference of the structure of a network when the available observed data are rich but noisy, incomplete or otherwise unreliable.


Quantum non-demolition detection of an itinerant microwave photon    pp546 - 549
S. Kono, K. Koshino, Y. Tabuchi, A. Noguchi & Y. Nakamura

Deterministic entanglement of a superconducting qubit and an itinerant microwave photon followed by high-fidelity qubit readout realizes a quantum non-demolition measurement of a microwave photon.


A strongly interacting polaritonic quantum dot    pp550 - 554
Ningyuan Jia, Nathan Schine, Alexandros Georgakopoulos, Albert Ryou, Logan W. Clark et al.

Cavity polaritons whose matter component is composed of highly excited Rydberg atoms are shown to act as a zero-dimensional quantum dot. Trapping 150 polaritons led to the observation of blockaded photon transport.


Rotational spectroscopy of cold and trapped molecular ions in the Lamb–Dicke regime    pp555 - 559
S. Alighanbari, M. G. Hansen, V. I. Korobov & S. Schiller

Doppler-free, ultrahigh-resolution rotational spectroscopy is reported for small molecular ions in a linear quadrupole trap. With 10–9 fractional linewidth, this method has a 50-fold improvement over previous reports.


Attosecond optical-field-enhanced carrier injection into the GaAs conduction band    pp560 - 564
F. Schlaepfer, M. Lucchini, S. A. Sato, M. Volkov, L. Kasmi et al.

Significant enhancement of carrier injection into the conduction band is observed for GaAs subjected to intense resonant near-infrared laser pumping. Attosecond-resolved investigation reveals the interplay between the intra- and interband transitions.


Quantum Landauer erasure with a molecular nanomagnet    pp565 - 568


Erasing a bit of information has a fundamental, minimal energy cost that is given by the Landauer limit. The erasure of quantum information from a quantum-spin memory register encoded in a molecular nanomagnet is shown to obey the same principle.


Doping-induced disappearance of ice II from water’s phase diagram    pp569 - 572
Jacob J. Shephard, Ben Slater, Peter Harvey, Martin Hart, Craig L. Bull et al.

The many phases of water ice continue to be fertile ground for surprising discoveries. This latest study reveals that ice II vanishes from the phase diagram of water upon the addition of small amounts of ammonium fluoride.




Entanglement of purification through holographic duality    pp573 - 577
Koji Umemoto & Tadashi Takayanagi

A quantity that connects quantum information and gravity in the light of gauge/gravity correspondence is pointed out, leading to interesting properties of the entanglement of purification predicted in the holographic theories.


Mutual information, neural networks and the renormalization group    pp578 - 582
Maciej Koch-Janusz & Zohar Ringel

Finding the relevant degrees of freedom of a system is a key step in any renormalization group procedure. But this can be difficult, particularly in strongly interacting systems. A machine-learning algorithm proves adept at identifying them for us.


Multiscale unfolding of real networks by geometric renormalization    pp583 - 589
Guillermo García-Pérez, Marián Boguñá & M. Ángeles Serrano

Complex networks are not obviously renormalizable, as different length scales coexist. Embedding networks in a geometrical space allows the definition of a renormalization group that can be used to construct smaller-scale replicas of large networks.


Charge quantum interference device    pp590 - 594
S. E. de Graaf, S. T. Skacel, T. Hönigl-Decrinis, R. Shaikhaidarov, H. Rotzinger et al.

The charge–phase duality in superconductors implies that the well-known SQUID has an analogue based on the interference of fluxons. Such a ‘charge quantum interference device’ (or CQUID) has now been experimentally demonstrated.


Characterizing quantum supremacy in near-term devices    pp595 - 600
Sergio Boixo, Sergei V. Isakov, Vadim N. Smelyanskiy, Ryan Babbush, Nan Ding et al.

As a benchmark for the development of a future quantum computer, sampling from random quantum circuits is suggested as a task that will lead to quantum supremacy—a calculation that cannot be carried out classically.


Bulk crystalline optomechanics    pp601 - 607
W. H. Renninger, P. Kharel, R. O. Behunin & P. T. Rakich

Optomechanical coupling to macroscopic phonon modes of a bulk acoustic-wave resonator is demonstrated, providing access to high acoustics quality factors for phononic modes at high frequencies that are robust to decoherence.


Towards anti-causal Green’s function for three-dimensional sub-diffraction focusing    pp608 - 612
Guancong Ma, Xiying Fan, Fuyin Ma, Julien de Rosny, Ping Sheng et al.

A metamaterial-based acoustic sink has been designed to serve the purpose of absorbing the diverging waves and demonstrating three-dimensional sub-diffraction spherical sound wave focusing.


Geometric constraints during epithelial jamming    pp613 - 620
Lior Atia, Dapeng Bi, Yasha Sharma, Jennifer A. Mitchel, Bomi Gweon et al.

Epithelial cells are shown to scale via a shape distribution that is common to a number of different systems, suggesting that cell shape and shape variability are constrained through a relationship that is purely geometrical.


Mitotic cells generate protrusive extracellular forces to divide in three-dimensional microenvironments    pp621 - 628
Sungmin Nam & Ovijit Chaudhuri

Little is known about how a cell’s surroundings within tissue influence the mechanics of its division. Experiments on constrained dividing cells reveal that they create protrusive forces in order to undergo the shape changes required for division.


Amendments & Corrections


Publisher Correction: Doping-induced disappearance of ice II from water’s phase diagram    p629
Jacob J. Shephard, Ben Slater, Peter Harvey, Martin Hart, Craig L. Bull et al.

Publisher Correction: Geometric constraints during epithelial jamming    p629
Lior Atia, Dapeng Bi, Yasha Sharma, Jennifer A. Mitchel, Bomi Gweon et al.

Author Correction: Geometric constraints during epithelial jamming    p629
Lior Atia, Dapeng Bi, Yasha Sharma, Jennifer A. Mitchel, Bomi Gweon et al.

Author Correction: Quantum Landauer erasure with a molecular nanomagnet    p630
R. Gaudenzi, E. Burzurí, S. Maegawa, H. S. J. van der Zant & F. Luis

Measure for Measure


Quantum electrodynamics and the proton size    p632
Thomas Udem

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