Thursday, June 1, 2017

Nature Geoscience contents: May 2017 Volume 10 Number 6 pp395-461

If you are unable to see the message below, click here to view.
Nature Geoscience

npj Clean Water: open for submissions

An open access, online-only journal, dedicated to publishing high-quality papers that describe the significant and cutting-edge research that continues to ensure the supply of clean water to populations.

Explore the benefits of submitting your next manuscript.

June 2017 Volume 10, Issue 6

News and Views
Recommend to library



Trust we must   p395
Asking people to trust scientists is not enough in times of doubt. Scientists must trust the people too: to make decisions for themselves, once they know the best available evidence.



Beyond the water balance   p396
Jeffrey J. McDonnell
The terrestrial water cycle is often assessed annually at catchment scale. But water stored in catchments is poorly mixed, and at timescales often well beyond the calculation of annual water balance.

News and Views


Petrology: Ancient magma sources revealed   pp397 - 398
Elizabeth Bell
The composition of Earth's oldest crust is uncertain. Comparison of the most ancient mineral grains with more recent analogues suggests that formation of the earliest crust was heavily influenced by re-melting of igneous basement rocks.
See also: Article by Burnham & Berry

Economic geology: Ocean and ore   p399
Amy Whitchurch

Geodynamics: Hot mantle rising   p400
Oliver Shorttle
The long-term cooling of Earth's mantle is recorded in the declining temperature and volume of its volcanic outpourings over time. However, analyses of 89-million-year-old lavas from Costa Rica suggest that extremely hot mantle still lurks below.
See also: Article by Trela et al.

JOBS of the week
Full-time Faculty Position in Earth System Science
Universidad del Rosario, Bogotá Colombia
Research Group Leader
Observatoire Océanologique de Banyuls-sur-mer
Faculty Positions available in the School of Environmental Science and Engineering
Southern University of Science and Technology (SUSTech)
More Science jobs from
International Conference on Earth Science & Geo Science
Sydney, Australia
More science events from
npj Climate and Atmospheric Science: open for submissions

An open access, online-only journal providing researchers, policy makers and the public with the latest research on weather and climate, publishing high-quality papers that focus on topics including climate dynamics, climate variability, weather and climate prediction, climate change, weather extremes, atmospheric composition including aerosols, the hydrological cycle and atmosphere-ocean interactions. 

Find out more >> 



Detection of a persistent meteoric metal layer in the Martian atmosphere   pp401 - 404
M. M. J. Crismani, N. M. Schneider, J. M. C. Plane, J. S. Evans, S. K. Jain et al.
Collisions of dust particles with a planet's atmosphere lead to the accumulation of metallic atoms at high altitudes. MAVEN spacecraft observations reveal a persistent—but temporally variable—metal layer of Mg+ ions in the Martian atmosphere.

Large anomalies in lower stratospheric water vapour and ice during the 2015-2016 El Nino   pp405 - 409
Melody A. Avery, Sean M. Davis, Karen H. Rosenlof, Hao Ye & Andrew E. Dessler
The El Nino of 2015-2016 was unusual and exceptionally strong. Satellite observations and modelling suggest that convective lofting and sublimation of ice particles during this event contributed to moistening of the lower stratosphere.

Regionally strong feedbacks between the atmosphere and terrestrial biosphere   pp410 - 414
Julia K. Green, Alexandra G. Konings, Seyed Hamed Alemohammad, Joseph Berry, Dara Entekhabi et al.
Understanding biosphere-atmosphere feedback loops can improve forecasts of climate and vegetation resilience. Analyses of satellite observations reveal that feedbacks are strong in regions that determine the net terrestrial carbon balance.

Thermodynamically controlled preservation of organic carbon in floodplains   pp415 - 419
Kristin Boye, Vincent Noel, Malak M. Tfaily, Sharon E. Bone, Kenneth H. Williams et al.
Anoxic carbon decomposition is thought to depend on the energetics of electron acceptors. Mass spectrometry measurements of floodplain sediments reveal that the energetics of organic compounds can also determine whether they are decomposed.

Decadal soil carbon accumulation across Tibetan permafrost regions   pp420 - 424
Jinzhi Ding, Leiyi Chen, Chengjun Ji, Gustaf Hugelius, Yingnian Li et al.
Climate change is expected to release carbon stored in permafrost soils. Sampling of sites across the Tibetan Plateau in the early 2000s and early 2010s reveals increased carbon stocks in shallow soils, which may offset losses from deeper soils.

Global aquifers dominated by fossil groundwaters but wells vulnerable to modern contamination   pp425 - 429
Scott Jasechko, Debra Perrone, Kevin M. Befus, M. Bayani Cardenas, Grant Ferguson et al.
Groundwater that predates the Holocene is commonly assumed to be unaffected by modern contamination. A global analysis of fossil groundwater suggests that modern contaminants are present in deep wells that tap fossil aquifers.

Holocene warming in western continental Eurasia driven by glacial retreat and greenhouse forcing   pp430 - 435
Jonathan L. Baker, Matthew S. Lachniet, Olga Chervyatsova, Yemane Asmerom & Victor J. Polyak
Models and proxy data diverge on the global temperature evolution of the Holocene, perhaps due to representation of the seasons. Isotopic analyses of stalagmites from the Ural Mountains suggest that winter climate dominated in the Eurasian interior.

Quasi-equilibrium melting of quartzite upon extreme friction   pp436 - 441
Sung Keun Lee, Raehee Han, Eun Jeong Kim, Gi Young Jeong, Hoon Khim et al.
Quartz minerals in Earth's crust are thought to melt at high temperatures. Laboratory friction experiments, however, show that metastable melting of quartz on a fault surface can occur at lower temperatures, and could lead to large earthquakes.

Deep and shallow long-period volcanic seismicity linked by fluid-pressure transfer   pp442 - 445
N. M. Shapiro, D. V. Droznin, S. Ya. Droznina, S. L. Senyukov, A. A. Gusev et al.
Shallow volcanic earthquakes can aid eruption forecasts. Analysis of seismicity beneath the Klyuchevskoy volcano group in Russia reveals much deeper magma-induced earthquakes that may serve as an early eruption indicator.

Lifetime and size of shallow magma bodies controlled by crustal-scale magmatism   pp446 - 450
Ozge Karakas, Wim Degruyter, Olivier Bachmann & Josef Dufek
Super-eruptions require high magma supply rates. Numerical simulations show that even for volcanoes with low supply rates, the warming influence of magma on the crust prevents solidification, allowing super-eruption volumes of magma to accumulate.

The hottest lavas of the Phanerozoic and the survival of deep Archaean reservoirs   pp451 - 456
Jarek Trela, Esteban Gazel, Alexander V. Sobolev, Lowell Moore, Michael Bizimis et al.
Earth's mantle has cooled since the Archaean. Geochemical identification of anomalously hot lavas formed above the Galapagos Plume 89 million years ago, however, implies that a hot mantle reservoir may have persisted for billions of years.
See also: News and Views by Shorttle

Formation of Hadean granites by melting of igneous crust   pp457 - 461
A. D. Burnham & A. J. Berry
The formation process for the oldest mineral grains on Earth has remained elusive. A comparison of trace element concentrations of these ancient zircons with known material suggests melting of igneous crust as their source.
See also: News and Views by Bell

Call for nominations: 2017 John Maddox Prize for Standing up for Science.

Recognising the work of individuals who promote science in the face of hostility. Winners will be announced at a reception in London, as well as in Nature, and will receive £2,000.

Closing date for nominations is 31st July 2017.

Click to learn more
nature events
Natureevents is a fully searchable, multi-disciplinary database designed to maximise exposure for events organisers. The contents of the Natureevents Directory are now live. The digital version is available here.
Find the latest scientific conferences, courses, meetings and symposia on For event advertising opportunities across the Nature Publishing Group portfolio please contact
More Nature Events

You have been sent this Table of Contents Alert because you have opted in to receive it. You can change or discontinue your e-mail alerts at any time, by modifying your preferences on your account at:
(You will need to log in to be recognised as a registrant)

For further technical assistance, please contact our registration department

For print subscription enquiries, please contact our subscription department

For other enquiries, please contact our customer feedback department

Springer Nature | One New York Plaza, Suite 4500 | New York | NY 10004-1562 | USA

Springer Nature's worldwide offices:
London - Paris - Munich - New Delhi - Tokyo - Melbourne
San Diego - San Francisco - Washington - New York - Boston

Macmillan Publishers Limited is a company incorporated in England and Wales under company number 785998 and whose registered office is located at The Campus, 4 Crinan Street, London, N1 9XW.

© 2017 Macmillan Publishers Limited, part of Springer Nature. All Rights Reserved.

Springer Nature

No comments: