Tuesday, April 4, 2017

Scientific Reports Earth Sciences Table of Contents e-alert: 04 April 2017

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  04 April 2017   
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Earth & Environmental Sciences

A P25/(NH4)xWO3 hybrid photocatalyst with broad spectrum photocatalytic properties under UV, visible, and near-infrared irradiation


Linfen Yang, Bin Liu, Tongyao Liu et al.


In this study, a series of hybrid nanostructured photocatalysts P25/(NH4)xWO3 nanocomposites with the average crystallite size of P25 and (NH4)xWO3 of the sample was calculated …


Nitrous Oxide Production in a Granule-based Partial Nitritation Reactor: A Model-based Evaluation


Lai Peng, Jing Sun, Yiwen Liu et al.


Sustainable wastewater treatment has been attracting increasing attentions over the past decades. However, the production of nitrous oxide (N2O), a potent GHG, from the …


Eukaryotic Life Inhabits Rhodolith-forming Coralline Algae (Hapalidiales, Rhodophyta), Remarkable Marine Benthic Microhabitats


Sherry Krayesky-Self, William E. Schmidt, Delena Phung et al.


Rhodoliths are benthic calcium carbonate nodules accreted by crustose coralline red algae which recently have been identified as useful indicators of biomineral changes resulting …


Perfluorodecanoic acid stimulates NLRP3 inflammasome assembly in gastric cells


Xiangyu Zhou, Tianyi Dong, Ziyan Fan et al.


Perfluorodecanoic acid (PFDA), a perfluorinated carboxylic acid, presents in the environment and accumulates in human blood and organs, but its association with tumor promotion …


B-vitamin Supplementation Mitigates Effects of Fine Particles on Cardiac Autonomic Dysfunction and Inflammation: A Pilot Human Intervention Trial


Jia Zhong, Letizia Trevisi, Bruce Urch et al.


Ambient fine particle (PM2.5) pollution triggers acute cardiovascular events. Individual-level preventions are proposed to complement regulation in reducing the global burden of …


Successful lichen translocation on disturbed gypsum areas: A test with adhesives to promote the recovery of biological soil crusts


M. Ballesteros, J. Ayerbe, M. Casares et al.


The loss of biological soil crusts represents a challenge for the restoration of disturbed environments, specifically in particular substrates hosting unique lichen communities. …


Present-day heat flow model of Mars


Laura M. Parro, Alberto Jiménez-Díaz, Federico Mansilla et al.


Until the acquisition of in-situ measurements, the study of the present-day heat flow of Mars must rely on indirect methods, mainly based on the relation between the thermal …


Land cover changes induced by the great east Japan earthquake in 2011


Mitsunori Ishihara, Takeo Tadono


The east Japan earthquake that occurred on March 11, 2011 was a big natural disaster, comprising the large earthquake shock, tsunami, and Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant …


Emergence and Evolution of Cooperation Under Resource Pressure


María Pereda, Débora Zurro, José I. Santos et al.


We study the influence that resource availability has on cooperation in the context of hunter-gatherer societies. This paper proposes a model based on archaeological and …


Evidence for a bi-partition of the Younger Dryas Stadial in East Asia associated with inversed climate characteristics compared to Europe


Gordon Schlolaut, Achim Brauer, Takeshi Nakagawa et al.


The Younger Dryas Stadial (YDS) was an episode of northern hemispheric cooling which occurred within the Last Glacial Interglacial Transition (LGIT). A major driver for the YDS …


A recent deep earthquake doublet in light of long-term evolution of Nazca subduction


J. Zahradník, H. Čížková, C. R. Bina et al.


Earthquake faulting at ~600 km depth remains puzzling. Here we present a new kinematic interpretation of two Mw7.6 earthquakes of November 24, 2015. In contrast to teleseismic …


Ash aggregation enhanced by deposition and redistribution of salt on the surface of volcanic ash in eruption plumes


Sebastian B. Mueller, Paul M. Ayris, Fabian B. Wadsworth et al.


Interactions with volcanic gases in eruption plumes produce soluble salt deposits on the surface of volcanic ash. While it has been postulated that saturation-driven …


The combined effects of sampling parameters on the sorbent tube sampling of phthalates in air


Sang-Hee Jo, Ki-Hyun Kim, Kyenghee Kwon


The adsorption properties of various sorbent materials were investigated to assess the factors affecting biases in the sorbent tube (ST) sampling of airborne phthalates. The …


An Inter-comparison of Three Heat Wave Types in China during 1961–2010: Observed Basic Features and Linear Trends


Yang Chen, Yi Li


Using observed daily temperatures in China, three independent types of heat waves (HWs), including daytime HWs, nighttime HWs, and compound HWs (with both extreme daily maxima …


Assessing the Dynamics of Organic Aerosols over the North Atlantic Ocean


Jérôme Kasparian, Christel Hassler, Bas Ibelings et al.


The influence of aerosols on climate is highly dependent on the particle size distribution, concentration, and composition. In particular, the latter influences their ability to …


Nonlinear responses of soil respiration to precipitation changes in a semiarid temperate steppe


Yuan Miao, Hongyan Han, Yue Du et al.


Extreme precipitation events are predicted to occur more frequently and will have significant influences on terrestrial ecosystem carbon (C) cycling in the future. However, …


Specialist nectar-yeasts decline with urbanization in Berlin


Jeannine Wehner, Moritz Mittelbach, Matthias C. Rillig et al.


Nectar yeasts are common inhabitants of insect-pollinated flowers but factors determining their distribution are not well understood. We studied the influence of host identity, …


Influence of human population movements on urban climate of Beijing during the Chinese New Year holiday


Jingyong Zhang, Lingyun Wu


The population movements for the Chinese New Year (CNY) celebrations, known as the world’s largest yearly migration of human beings, have grown rapidly in the past several …


Disparities in correlating microstructural to nanostructural preservation of dinosaur femoral bones


Jung-Kyun Kim, Yong-Eun Kwon, Sang-Gil Lee et al.


Osteohistological researches on dinosaurs are well documented, but descriptions of direct correlations between the bone microstructure and corresponding nanostructure are …


Rheotaxis in the Ediacaran epibenthic organism Parvancorina from South Australia


John R. Paterson, James G. Gehling, Mary L. Droser et al.


Diverse interpretations of Ediacaran organisms arise not only from their enigmatic body plans, but also from confusion surrounding the sedimentary environments they inhabited and …


Azole-resistant Aspergillus fumigatus harboring TR34/L98H, TR46/Y121F/T289A and TR53 mutations related to flower fields in Colombia


Carlos Alvarez-Moreno, Rose-Anne Lavergne, Ferry Hagen et al.


Resistance to triazoles in Aspergillus fumigatus has been reported in azole-naive patients in Europe, Asia, Australia and North America. This resistance has been linked to …


Combined effects of temperature and the herbicide diuron on Photosystem II activity of the tropical seagrass Halophila ovalis


Adam D. Wilkinson, Catherine J. Collier, Florita Flores et al.


Tropical seagrasses are at their highest risk of exposure to photosystem II (PSII) herbicides when elevated rainfall and runoff from farms transports these toxicants into coastal …


Microbial reduction of Fe(III)-bearing clay minerals in the presence of humic acids


Guangfei Liu, Shuang Qiu, Baiqing Liu et al.


Both Fe(III)-bearing clay minerals and humic acids (HAs) are abundant in the soils and sediments. Previous studies have shown that bioreduction of structural Fe(III) in clay …


Atmospheric impacts of the strongest known solar particle storm of 775 AD


Timofei Sukhodolov, Ilya Usoskin, Eugene Rozanov et al.


Sporadic solar energetic particle (SEP) events affect the Earth’s atmosphere and environment, in particular leading to depletion of the protective ozone layer in the Earth’s …


Reconstructing the Geomagnetic Field in West Africa: First Absolute Intensity Results from Burkina Faso


Lisa Kapper, Fabio Donadini, Vincent Serneels et al.


We present absolute geomagnetic intensities from iron smelting furnaces discovered at the metallurgical site of Korsimoro, Burkina Faso. Up to now, archaeologists recognized four …


Will hypolimnetic waters become anoxic in all deep tropical lakes?


Takehiko Fukushima, Bunkei Matsushita, Luki Subehi et al.


To elucidate trends of hypolimnetic oxygen concentrations, vertical distributions of dissolved oxygen were measured in eight deep tropical bodies of water (one natural lake with …


Contemporary crustal movement of southeastern Tibet: Constraints from dense GPS measurements


Yuanjin Pan, Wen-Bin Shen


The ongoing collision between the Indian plate and the Eurasian plate brings up N-S crustal shortening and thickening of the Tibet Plateau, but its dynamic mechanisms remain …


Dynamics of volcanic ash remobilisation by wind through the Patagonian steppe after the eruption of Cordón Caulle, 2011


Juan E. Panebianco, Mariano J. Mendez, Daniel E. Buschiazzo et al.


Wind erosion of freshly-deposited volcanic ash causes persistent storms, strongly affecting ecosystems and human activity. Wind erosion of the volcanic ash was measured up to 17 …


Land-use types and soil chemical properties influence soil microbial communities in the semiarid Loess Plateau region in China


Qin Tian, Takeshi Taniguchi, Wei-Yu Shi et al.


Similar land-use types usually have similar soil properties, and, most likely, similar microbial communities. Here, we assessed whether land-use types or soil chemical properties …


Chloro-benquinone Modified on Graphene Oxide as Metal-free Catalyst: Strong Promotion of Hydroxyl Radical and Generation of Ultra-Small Graphene Oxide


He Zhao, Juehua Wang, Di Zhang et al.


Carbon-based metal-free catalyst has attracted more and more attention. It is a big challenge to improve catalytic activity of metal-free catalyst for decomposition of H2O2 to …


Applying Taguchi design and large-scale strategy for mycosynthesis of nano-silver from endophytic Trichoderma harzianum SYA.F4 and its application against phytopathogens


Shahira H. EL-Moslamy, Marwa F. Elkady, Ahmed H. Rezk et al.


Development of reliable and low-cost requirement for large-scale eco-friendly biogenic synthesis of metallic nanoparticles is an important step for industrial applications of …

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