Tuesday, March 28, 2017

Scientific Reports Physics Table of Contents e-alert: 28 March 2017

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  28 March 2017   
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Physical Sciences

Assortative Mating: Encounter-Network Topology and the Evolution of Attractiveness


S. Dipple, T. Jia, T. Caraco et al.


We model a social-encounter network where linked nodes match for reproduction in a manner depending probabilistically on each node’s attractiveness. The developed model reveals …


Hierarchical viscosity of aqueous solution of tilapia scale collagen investigated via dielectric spectroscopy between 500 MHz and 2.5 THz


H. Kawamata, S. Kuwaki, T. Mishina et al.


Aqueous solutions of biomolecules such as proteins are very important model systems for understanding the functions of biomolecules in actual life processes because interactions …


Wafer-scale Fabrication of Non-Polar Mesoporous GaN Distributed Bragg Reflectors via Electrochemical Porosification


Tongtong Zhu, Yingjun Liu, Tao Ding et al.


Distributed Bragg reflectors (DBRs) are essential components for the development of optoelectronic devices. For many device applications, it is highly desirable to achieve not …


Degree of functionalisation dependence of individual Raman intensities in covalent graphene derivatives


Philipp Vecera, Siegfried Eigler, Maria Koleśnik-Gray et al.


Covalent functionalisation of graphene is a continuously progressing field of research. The optical properties of such derivatives attract particular attention. In virtually all …


Fundamental properties of resonances


S. Ceci, M. Hadžimehmedović, H. Osmanović et al.


All resonances, from hydrogen nuclei excited by the high-energy gamma rays in deep space to newly discovered particles produced in Large Hadron Collider, should be described by …


Large Electrocaloric Effect in Relaxor Ferroelectric and Antiferroelectric Lanthanum Doped Lead Zirconate Titanate Ceramics


Biao Lu, Peilian Li, Zhenhua Tang et al.


Both relaxor ferroelectric and antiferroelectric materials can individually demonstrate large electrocaloric effects (ECE). However, in order to further enhance the ECE it is …


Low Dimensional String-like Relaxation Underpins Superionic Conduction in Fluorites and Related Structures


Ajay Annamareddy, Jacob Eapen


Among the superionic conductors that show a Faraday transition – the continuous increase in the ionic conductivity over a range of temperatures – the fluorite structures have …


Thermal Resistance Variations of Fly Ash Geopolymers: Foaming Responses


Heah Cheng-Yong, Liew Yun-Ming, Mohd Mustafa Al Bakri Abdullah et al.


This paper presents a comparative study of the characteristic of unfoamed and foamed geopolymers after exposure to elevated temperatures (200–800 °C). Unfoamed geopolymers were …


Role of oxygen functional groups in reduced graphene oxide for lubrication


Bhavana Gupta, Niranjan Kumar, Kalpataru Panda et al.


Functionalized and fully characterized graphene-based lubricant additives are potential 2D materials for energy-efficient tribological applications in machine elements, …


Basis-neutral Hilbert-space analyzers


Lane Martin, Davood Mardani, H. Esat Kondakci et al.


Interferometry is one of the central organizing principles of optics. Key to interferometry is the concept of optical delay, which facilitates spectral analysis in terms of …


Location, location & size: defects close to surfaces dominate fatigue crack initiation


Itziar Serrano-Munoz, Jean-Yves Buffiere, Rajmund Mokso et al.


Metallic cast components inevitably contain defects such as shrinkage cavities which are inherent to the solidification process. Those defects are known to significantly alter …


Two-dimensional electronic spectra of the photosynthetic apparatus of green sulfur bacteria


Tobias Kramer, Mirta Rodriguez


Advances in time resolved spectroscopy have provided new insight into the energy transmission in natural photosynthetic complexes. Novel theoretical tools and models are being …


Experimental demonstration of a fully inseparable quantum state with nonlocalizable entanglement


M. Mičuda, D. Koutný, M. Miková et al.


Localizability of entanglement in fully inseparable states is a key ingredient of assisted quantum information protocols as well as measurement-based models of quantum computing. …


Nano-inspired smart interfaces: fluidic interactivity and its impact on heat transfer


Beom Seok Kim, Byoung In Lee, Namkyu Lee et al.


Interface-inspired convection is a key heat transfer scheme for hot spot cooling and thermal energy transfer. An unavoidable trade-off of the convective heat transfer is pressure …


Mutual information model for link prediction in heterogeneous complex networks


Hadi Shakibian, Nasrollah Moghadam Charkari


Recently, a number of meta-path based similarity indices like PathSim, HeteSim, and random walk have been proposed for link prediction in heterogeneous complex networks. However, …


III-nitride core–shell nanorod array on quartz substrates


Si-Young Bae, Jung-Wook Min, Hyeong-Yong Hwang et al.


We report the fabrication of near-vertically elongated GaN nanorods on quartz substrates. To control the preferred orientation and length of individual GaN nanorods, we combined …


Rational Design of 1-D Co3O4 Nanofibers@Low content Graphene Composite Anode for High Performance Li-Ion Batteries


Su-Ho Cho, Ji-Won Jung, Chanhoon Kim et al.


Cobalt oxide that has high energy density, is the next-generation candidate as the anode material for LIBs. However, the practical use of Co3O4 as anode material has been …


Synergistic Effects of Micro-electrolysis-Photocatalysis on Water Treatment and Fish Performance in Saline Recirculating Aquaculture System


Zhangying Ye, Shuo Wang, Weishan Gao et al.


A new physico-chemical process for TAN (total ammonia nitrogen) removal and disinfection is introduced in saline recirculating aquaculture system (RAS), in which the biofilter is …


Detecting truly clonal alterations from multi-region profiling of tumours


Benjamin Werner, Arne Traulsen, Andrea Sottoriva et al.


Modern cancer therapies aim at targeting tumour-specific alterations, such as mutations or neo-antigens, and maximal treatment efficacy requires that targeted alterations are …


Skeletal Muscle Pump Drives Control of Cardiovascular and Postural Systems


Ajay K. Verma, Amanmeet Garg, Da Xu et al.


The causal interaction between cardio-postural-musculoskeletal systems is critical in maintaining postural stability under orthostatic challenge. The absence or reduction of such …


Towards sub-nanometer real-space observation of spin and orbital magnetism at the Fe/MgO interface


Thomas Thersleff, Shunsuke Muto, Mirosław Werwiński et al.


While the performance of magnetic tunnel junctions based on metal/oxide interfaces is determined by hybridization, charge transfer, and magnetic properties at the interface, …


Integration of thermocouple microelectrode in the scanning electrochemical microscope at variable temperatures: simultaneous temperature and electrochemical imaging and its kinetic studies


He Pan, Hailing Zhang, Junhui Lai et al.


We describe herein a method for the simultaneous measurement of temperature and electrochemical signal with a new type of thermocouple microelectrode. The thermocouple …


Brilliant petawatt gamma-ray pulse generation in quantum electrodynamic laser-plasma interaction


H. X. Chang, B. Qiao, T. W. Huang et al.


We show a new resonance acceleration scheme for generating ultradense relativistic electron bunches in helical motions and hence emitting brilliant vortical γ-ray pulses in the …


Directional Phonon Suppression Function as a Tool for the Identification of Ultralow Thermal Conductivity Materials


Giuseppe Romano, Alexie M. Kolpak


Boundary-engineering in nanostructures has the potential to dramatically impact the development of materials for high- efficiency conversion of thermal energy directly into …


Halo-free Phase Contrast Microscopy


Tan H. Nguyen, Mikhail Kandel, Haadi M. Shakir et al.


We present a new approach for retrieving halo-free phase contrast microscopy (hfPC) images by upgrading the conventional PC microscope with an external interferometric module, …


First order reversal curves and intrinsic parameter determination for magnetic materials; limitations of hysteron-based approaches in correlated systems


Sergiu Ruta, Ondrej Hovorka, Pin-Wei Huang et al.


The generic problem of extracting information on intrinsic particle properties from the whole class of interacting magnetic fine particle systems is a long standing and difficult …


Solitary perturbations in the steep boundary of magnetized toroidal plasma


J. E. Lee, G. S. Yun, W. Lee et al.


Solitary perturbations (SPs) localized both poloidally and radially are detected within ~100 μs before the partial collapse of the high pressure gradient boundary region (called …


Functional solid additive modified PEDOT:PSS as an anode buffer layer for enhanced photovoltaic performance and stability in polymer solar cells


Binrui Xu, Sai-Anand Gopalan, Anantha-Iyengar Gopalan et al.


Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrene sulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) is most commonly used as an anode buffer layer in bulk-heterojunction (BHJ) polymer solar cells (PSCs). …


Redshifted Cherenkov Radiation for in vivo Imaging: Coupling Cherenkov Radiation Energy Transfer to multiple Förster Resonance Energy Transfers


Yann Bernhard, Bertrand Collin, Richard A. Decréau


Cherenkov Radiation (CR), this blue glow seen in nuclear reactors, is an optical light originating from energetic β-emitter radionuclides. CR emitter 90Y triggers a cascade of …


Self-Phase-Matched Second-Harmonic and White-Light Generation in a Biaxial Zinc Tungstate Single Crystal


Pawel Osewski, Alessandro Belardini, Emilija Petronijevic et al.


Second-order nonlinear optical materials are used to generate new frequencies by exploiting second-harmonic generation (SHG), a phenomenon where a nonlinear material generates …


Coexistence of superconductivity and charge-density wave in the quasi-one-dimensional material HfTe3


Saleem J. Denholme, Akinori Yukawa, Kohei Tsumura et al.


We present the first experimental evidence for metallicity, superconductivity (SC) and the co-existence of charge density waves (CDW) in the quasi-one-dimensional material HfTe3. …


In-situ Raman spectroscopy to elucidate the influence of adsorption in graphene electrochemistry


Wesley T. E. van den Beld, Mathieu Odijk, René H. J. Vervuurt et al.


Electrochemistry on graphene is of particular interest due to graphene’s high surface area, high electrical conductivity and low interfacial capacitance. Because the graphene …


High Curie temperature and enhanced magnetoelectric properties of the laminated Li0.058(Na0.535K0.48)0.942NbO3/Co0.6 Zn0.4Fe1.7Mn0.3O4 composites


Haibo Yang, Jintao Zhang, Ying Lin et al.


Laminated magnetoelectric composites of Li0.058(Na0.535K0.48)0.942NbO3 (LKNN)/Co0.6Zn0.4Fe1.7Mn0.3O4 (CZFM) prepared by the conventional solid-state sintering method were …


Hyperspectral imaging using the single-pixel Fourier transform technique


Senlin Jin, Wangwei Hui, Yunlong Wang et al.


Hyperspectral imaging technology is playing an increasingly important role in the fields of food analysis, medicine and biotechnology. To improve the speed of operation and …


Remarkably enhanced photovoltaic effects and first-principles calculations in neodymium doped BiFeO3


Yi-Ting Peng, Shan-Haw Chiou, Ching-Hung Hsiao et al.


Remarkably enhanced photovoltaic effects have been observed in the heterostructures of p-type A-site Nd3+-doped BiFeO3 (Bi0.9375Nd0.0625)FeO3 (or BFONd) polycrystalline ceramics …


Configurational Molecular Glue: One Optically Active Polymer Attracts Two Oppositely Configured Optically Active Polymers


Hideto Tsuji, Soma Noda, Takayuki Kimura et al.


D-configured poly(D-lactic acid) (D-PLA) and poly(D-2-hydroxy-3-methylbutanoic acid) (D-P2H3MB) crystallized separately into their homo-crystallites when crystallized by …


Strong coupling of diffraction coupled plasmons and optical waveguide modes in gold stripe-dielectric nanostructures at telecom wavelengths


Philip A. Thomas, Gregory H. Auton, Dmytro Kundys et al.


We propose a hybrid plasmonic device consisting of a planar dielectric waveguide covering a gold nanostripe array fabricated on a gold film and investigate its guiding properties …


Optimal array of sand fences


Izael A. Lima, Ascânio D. Araújo, Eric J. R. Parteli et al.


Sand fences are widely applied to prevent soil erosion by wind in areas affected by desertification. Sand fences also provide a way to reduce the emission rate of dust particles, …


Ultrathin nickel hydroxide nanosheet arrays grafted biomass-derived honeycomb-like porous carbon with improved electrochemical performance as a supercapacitive material


Goli Nagaraju, Sung Min Cha, Jae Su Yu


Three-dimensional hierarchical honeycomb-like activated porous carbon pillared ultrathin Ni(OH)2 nanosheets (Ni(OH)2 NSs@HAPC) for use as supercapacitor materials were facilely …


The co-evolution of networks and prisoner’s dilemma game by considering sensitivity and visibility


Dandan Li, Jing Ma, Dun Han et al.


Strategies adopted by individuals in a social network significantly impact the network, and they strongly affect relationships between individuals in the network. Links between …


Fully printable, strain-engineered electronic wrap for customizable soft electronics


Junghwan Byun, Byeongmoon Lee, Eunho Oh et al.


Rapid growth of stretchable electronics stimulates broad uses in multidisciplinary fields as well as industrial applications. However, existing technologies are unsuitable for …


Simulating electric field interactions with polar molecules using spectroscopic databases


Alec Owens, Emil J. Zak, Katy L. Chubb et al.


Ro-vibrational Stark-associated phenomena of small polyatomic molecules are modelled using extensive spectroscopic data generated as part of the ExoMol project. The external …


Quantum Capacitance of a Topological Insulator-Ferromagnet Interface


Zhuo Bin Siu, Debashree Chowdhury, Mansoor B. A. Jalil et al.


We study the quantum capacitance in a topological insulator thin film system magnetized in the in-plane direction in the presence of an out-of-plane magnetic field and hexagonal …


Effect of decomposition and organic residues on resistivity of copper films fabricated via low-temperature sintering of complex particle mixed dispersions


Yingqiong Yong, Mai Thanh Nguyen, Hiroki Tsukamoto et al.


Mixtures of a copper complex and copper fine particles as copper-based metal-organic decomposition (MOD) dispersions have been demonstrated to be effective for low-temperature …


Reconfigurable superconducting vortex pinning potential for magnetic disks in hybrid structures


Estefani Marchiori, Peter J. Curran, Jangyong Kim et al.


High resolution scanning Hall probe microscopy has been used to directly visualise the superconducting vortex behavior in hybrid structures consisting of a square array of …


High-rate squeezing process of bulk metallic glasses


Jitang Fan


High-rate squeezing process of bulk metallic glasses from a cylinder into an intact sheet achieved by impact loading is investigated. Such a large deformation is caused by …


RRAM-based parallel computing architecture using k-nearest neighbor classification for pattern recognition


Yuning Jiang, Jinfeng Kang, Xinan Wang


Resistive switching memory (RRAM) is considered as one of the most promising devices for parallel computing solutions that may overcome the von Neumann bottleneck of today’s …


The New Phases due to Symmetry Protected Piecewise Berry Phases; Enhanced Pumping and Non-reciprocity in Trimer Lattices


Xuele Liu, G. S. Agarwal


Finding new phase of matter is a fundamental task in physics. Generally, various phases or states of matter (for instance solid/liquid/gas phases) have different symmetries, the …


Heteroleptic Copper(I) Complexes of “Scorpionate” Bis-pyrazolyl Carboxylate Ligand with Auxiliary Phosphine as Potential Anticancer Agents: An Insight into Cytotoxic Mode


Rais Ahmad Khan, Mohammad Usman, Rajakumar Dhivya et al.


New copper(I) complexes [CuCl(PPh3)(L)] (1: L = LA = 4-carboxyphenyl)bis(3,5-dimethylpyrazolyl)methane; (2: L = LB = 3-carboxyphenyl)bis(3,5-dimethylpyrazolyl)methane) were …


Acceleration of bone regeneration by activating Wnt/β-catenin signalling pathway via lithium released from lithium chloride/calcium phosphate cement in osteoporosis


Li Li, Xiaozhong Peng, Yongbao Qin et al.


By virtue of its excellent bioactivity and osteoconductivity, calcium phosphate cement (CPC) has been applied extensively in bone engineering. Doping a trace element into CPC can …


Microvasculature on a chip: study of the Endothelial Surface Layer and the flow structure of Red Blood Cells


Daria Tsvirkun, Alexei Grichine, Alain Duperray et al.


Microvasculatures-on-a-chip, i.e. in vitro models that mimic important features of microvessel networks, have gained increasing interest in recent years. Such devices have …


Corrigendum: Crystallizing highly-likely subspaces that contain an unknown quantum state of light


Yong Siah Teo, Dmitri Mogilevtsev, Alexander Mikhalychev et al.



Plasmonic metamaterial for electromagnetically induced transparency analogue and ultra-high figure of merit sensor


Dong Wu, Yumin Liu, Li Yu et al.


In this work, using finite-difference time-domain method, we propose and numerically demonstrate a novel way to achieve electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) phenomenon …


Erratum: Laser-Driven Ion Acceleration from Plasma Micro-Channel Targets


D. B. Zou, A. Pukhov, L. Q. Yi et al.



Corrigendum: Expedited Holonomic Quantum Computation via Net Zero-Energy-Cost Control in Decoherence-Free Subspace


P. V. Pyshkin, Da-Wei Luo, Jun Jing et al.



Erratum: Finding Stable Graphene Conformations from Pull and Release Experiments with Molecular Dynamics


Ruslan D. Yamaletdinov, Yuriy V. Pershin



Corrigendum: Towards ultrasensitive malaria diagnosis using surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy


Keren Chen, Clement Yuen, Yaw Aniweh et al.



Evolution analysis of EUV radiation from laser-produced tin plasmas based on a radiation hydrodynamics model


M. G. Su, Q. Min, S. Q. Cao et al.


One of fundamental aims of extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography is to maximize brightness or conversion efficiency of laser energy to radiation at specific wavelengths from …


Significantly Enhanced Energy Storage Density by Modulating the Aspect Ratio of BaTiO3 Nanofibers


Dou Zhang, Xuefan Zhou, James Roscow et al.


There is a growing need for high energy density capacitors in modern electric power supplies. The creation of nanocomposite systems based on one-dimensional nanofibers has shown …


Microstructure formation and interface characteristics of directionally solidified TiAl-Si alloys in alumina crucibles with a new Y2O3 skull-aided technology


Jianglei Fan, Jianxiu Liu, Shen Wu et al.


The microstructure evolution and interface characteristics of a directionally solidified Ti-43Al-3Si (at.%) alloy in an alumina (Al2O3) crucible with new Y2O3 skull-aided …


“Breakthrough” osmosis and unusually high power densities in Pressure-Retarded Osmosis in non-ideally semi-permeable supported membranes


Andriy Yaroshchuk


Osmosis is the movement of solvent across a membrane induced by a solute-concentration gradient. It is very important for cell biology. Recently, it has started finding …


Voltage control of magnetic anisotropy in epitaxial Ru/Co2FeAl/MgO heterostructures


Zhenchao Wen, Hiroaki Sukegawa, Takeshi Seki et al.


Voltage control of magnetic anisotropy (VCMA) in magnetic heterostructures is a key technology for achieving energy-efficiency electronic devices with ultralow power consumption. …


Visible light focusing flat lenses based on hybrid dielectric-metal metasurface reflector-arrays


Qingbin Fan, Pengcheng Huo, Daopeng Wang et al.


Conventional metasurface reflector-arrays based on metallic resonant nanoantenna to control the wavefront of light for focusing always suffer from strong ohmic loss at optical …


Selective intracellular vaporisation of antibody-conjugated phase-change nano-droplets in vitro


A. Ishijima, K. Minamihata, S. Yamaguchi et al.


While chemotherapy is a major mode of cancer therapeutics, its efficacy is limited by systemic toxicities and drug resistance. Recent advances in nanomedicine provide the …


Superhydrophobic hBN-Regulated Sponges with Excellent Absorbency Fabricated Using a Green and Facile Method


Ying Zhou, Yao Wang, Tengfei Liu et al.


The world faces severe environmental, human and ecological problems when major oil spills and organic discharges are released into the environment. And so it is imperative to …


Multiparty Quantum Key Agreement Based on Quantum Search Algorithm


Hao Cao, Wenping Ma


Quantum key agreement is an important topic that the shared key must be negotiated equally by all participants, and any nontrivial subset of participants cannot fully determine …


Topology Optimisation of Wideband Coaxial-to-Waveguide Transitions


Emadeldeen Hassan, Daniel Noreland, Eddie Wadbro et al.


To maximize the matching between a coaxial cable and rectangular waveguides, we present a computational topology optimisation approach that decides for each point in a given …


Universality of Schmidt decomposition and particle identity


Stefania Sciara, Rosario Lo Franco, Giuseppe Compagno


Schmidt decomposition is a widely employed tool of quantum theory which plays a key role for distinguishable particles in scenarios such as entanglement characterization, theory …


Characterization of Thin Film Materials using SCAN meta-GGA, an Accurate Nonempirical Density Functional


I. G. Buda, C. Lane, B. Barbiellini et al.


We discuss self-consistently obtained ground-state electronic properties of monolayers of graphene and a number of ’beyond graphene’ compounds, including films of …


Corrigendum: Word pair classification during imagined speech using direct brain recordings


Stephanie Martin, Peter Brunner, Iñaki Iturrate et al.



Corrigendum: Surface mediated cooperative interactions of drugs enhance mechanical forces for antibiotic action


Joseph W. Ndieyira, Joe Bailey, Samadhan B. Patil et al.



Hierarchical meso/macro-porous carbon fabricated from dual MgO templates for direct electron transfer enzymatic electrodes


Hiroto Funabashi, Satoshi Takeuchi, Seiya Tsujimura


We designed a three-dimensional (3D) hierarchical pore structure to improve the current production efficiency and stability of direct electron transfer-type biocathodes. The 3D …


Discovery of multi-target receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors as novel anti-angiogenesis agents


Jinfeng Wang, Lin Zhang, Xiaoyan Pan et al.


Recently, we have identified a biphenyl-aryl urea incorporated with salicylaldoxime (BPS-7) as an anti-angiogenesis agent. Herein, we disclosed a series of novel …


Silver metal nano-matrixes as high efficiency and versatile catalytic reactors for environmental remediation


Ludovic F. Dumée, Zhifeng Yi, Blaise Tardy et al.


Nano-porous metallic matrixes (NMMs) offer superior surface to volume ratios as well as enhanced optical, photonic, and electronic properties to bulk metallic materials. Such …


The theory of parallel climate realizations as a new framework for teleconnection analysis


Mátyás Herein, Gábor Drótos, Tímea Haszpra et al.


Teleconnections are striking features of the Earth climate system which appear as statistically correlated climate-related patterns between remote geographical regions of the …


New insights on the biomineralisation process developing in human lungs around inhaled asbestos fibres


Fabrizio Bardelli, Giulia Veronesi, Silvana Capella et al.


Once penetrated into the lungs of exposed people, asbestos induces an in vivo biomineralisation process that leads to the formation of a ferruginous coating embedding the fibres. …


Light controlled assembly of silver nanoparticles


Andreas Polywka, Christian Tückmantel, Patrick Görrn


Metal nanoparticles show a particularly strong interaction with light, which is the basis for nanoparticle plasmonics. One of the main goals of this emerging research field is …


Differential effects of face-realism and emotion on event-related brain potentials and their implications for the uncanny valley theory


Sebastian Schindler, Eduard Zell, Mario Botsch et al.


Cartoon characters are omnipresent in popular media. While few studies have scientifically investigated their processing, in computer graphics, efforts are made to increase …


Metal-Organic Framework Templated Synthesis of Ultrasmall Catalyst Loaded ZnO/ZnCo2O4 Hollow Spheres for Enhanced Gas Sensing Properties


Won-Tae Koo, Seon-Jin Choi, Ji-Soo Jang et al.


To achieve the rational design of nanostructures for superior gas sensors, the ultrasmall nanoparticles (NPs) loaded on ternary metal oxide (TMO) hollow spheres (HS) were …


In Situ Characterization of the Initial Effect of Water on Molecular Interactions at the Interface of Organic/Inorganic Hybrid Systems


Sven Pletincx, Lena Trotochaud, Laura-Lynn Fockaert et al.


Probing initial interactions at the interface of hybrid systems under humid conditions has the potential to reveal the local chemical environment at solid/solid interfaces under …


Coupled gyration modes in one-dimensional skyrmion arrays in thin-film nanostrips as new type of information carrier


Junhoe Kim, Jaehak Yang, Young-Jun Cho et al.


We report on a micromagnetic numerical simulation study of dynamic coupling between neighboring skyrmions periodically arranged in narrow-width nanostrips. We explored the …


Corrigendum: Development and Characterization of Lecithin-based Self-assembling Mixed Polymeric Micellar (saMPMs) Drug Delivery Systems for Curcumin


Ling-Chun Chen, Yin-Chen Chen, Chia-Yu Su et al.



Miniaturization for ultrathin metamaterial perfect absorber in the VHF band


Bui Xuan Khuyen, Bui Son Tung, Young Joon Yoo et al.


An efficient resolution for ultrathin metamaterial perfect absorber (MPA) is proposed and demonstrated in the VHF radio band (30–300 MHz). By adjusting the lumped capacitors and …


Erratum: Prime factorization using quantum annealing and computational algebraic geometry


Raouf Dridi, Hedayat Alghassi



Synthesis of Norbornene Derived Helical Copolymer by Simple Molecular Marriage Approach to Produce Smart Nanocarrier


Shivshankar R. Mane, Ashlin Sathyan, Raja Shunmugam


A novel library of norbornene derived helical copolymer has been synthesized through the coupling of two homopolymers via Molecular Marriage Approach. The helicity is governed by …


Calibration-free assays on standard real-time PCR devices


Pawel R. Debski, Kamil Gewartowski, Seweryn Bajer et al.


Quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction (qPCR) is one of central techniques in molecular biology and important tool in medical diagnostics. While being a golden standard qPCR …


Bioactive silicon nitride: A new therapeutic material for osteoarthropathy


Giuseppe Pezzotti, Elia Marin, Tetsuya Adachi et al.


While the reciprocity between bioceramics and living cells is complex, it is principally governed by the implant’s surface chemistry. Consequently, a deeper understanding of the …


Iron-based magnetic superhalogens with pseudohalogens as ligands: An unbiased structure search


Li Ping Ding, Peng Shao, Cheng Lu et al.


We have performed an unbiased structure search for a series of neutral and anionic FeL4 (L = BO2, CN, NO2, NO3, OH, CH3, NH2, BH4 and Li2H3) clusters using the CALYPSO (Crystal …


A facile ultrasonic-assisted fabrication of nitrogen-doped carbon dots/BiOBr up-conversion nanocomposites for visible light photocatalytic enhancements


Yifan Zhang, Mira Park, Hak Yong Kim et al.


A highly efficient novel photocatalyst consisting of nitrogen-carbon dots (N-CDs) and three-dimensional (3D) hierarchical BiOBr was synthesized via a simple ultrasonic-assisted …


Thin-film metallic glass: an effective diffusion barrier for Se-doped AgSbTe2 thermoelectric modules


Chia-Chi Yu, Hsin-jay Wu, Ping-Yuan Deng et al.


The thermal stability of joints in thermoelectric (TE) modules, which are degraded during interdiffusion between the TE material and the contacting metal, needs to be addressed …


Anisotropy of hydrogen diffusion in nickel single crystals: the effects of self-stress and hydrogen concentration on diffusion


J. Li, A. Oudriss, A. Metsue et al.


Hydrogen diffusion has an important role in solute-dependent hydrogen embrittlement in metals and metallic alloys. In spite of extensive studies, the complexity of hydrogen …


A novel model on time-resolved photoluminescence measurements of polar InGaN/GaN multi-quantum-well structures


Yuchen Xing, Lai Wang, Di Yang et al.


Based on carrier rate equation, a new model is proposed to explain the non-exponential nature of time-resolved photoluminescence (TRPL) decay curves in the polar InGaN/GaN …


Transition of Temporal Scaling Behavior in Percolation Assisted Shear-branching Structure during Plastic Deformation


Jingli Ren, Cun Chen, Gang Wang et al.


This paper explores the temporal scaling behavior induced shear-branching structure in response to variant temperatures and strain rates during plastic deformation of Zr-based …


Magnetic frustration of graphite oxide


Dongwook Lee, Jiwon Seo


Delocalized π electrons in aromatic ring structures generally induce diamagnetism. In graphite oxide, however, π electrons develop ferromagnetism due to the unique structure of …


Elaboration and controlling excited state double proton transfer mechanism of 2,5-bis(benzoxazol-2-yl)thiophene-3,4-diol


Jinfeng Zhao, Yujun Zheng


In the present work, we theoretically illuminate the excited state double proton transfer (ESDPT) process about a novel synthesized system …


Continuously Varying Critical Exponents Beyond Weak Universality


N. Khan, P. Sarkar, A. Midya et al.


Renormalization group theory does not restrict the form of continuous variation of critical exponents which occurs in presence of a marginal operator. However, the continuous …


Deterministic secure quantum communication using a single d-level system


Dong Jiang, Yuanyuan Chen, Xuemei Gu et al.


Deterministic secure quantum communication (DSQC) can transmit secret messages between two parties without first generating a shared secret key. Compared with quantum key …


Neutron scattering observation of quasi-free rotations of water confined in carbon nanotubes


G. Briganti, G. Rogati, A. Parmentier et al.


The translational and orientational dynamics of water in carbon nanotubes has been studied by quasi-elastic neutron scattering from 300 down to 10 K. Results show that, reducing …


Surface chemistry of rare-earth oxide surfaces at ambient conditions: reactions with water and hydrocarbons


Elçin Külah, Laurent Marot, Roland Steiner et al.


Rare-earth (RE) oxide surfaces are of significant importance for catalysis and were recently reported to possess intrinsic hydrophobicity. The surface chemistry of these oxides …


Quantum Locality in Game Strategy


Carlos A. Melo-Luna, Cristian E. Susa, Andrés F. Ducuara et al.


Game theory is a well established branch of mathematics whose formalism has a vast range of applications from the social sciences, biology, to economics. Motivated by quantum …


Biomimetic surface structuring using cylindrical vector femtosecond laser beams


Evangelos Skoulas, Alexandra Manousaki, Costas Fotakis et al.


We report on a new, single-step and scalable method to fabricate highly ordered, multi-directional and complex surface structures that mimic the unique morphological features of …


Entropic Origin of Pseudogap Physics and a Mott-Slater Transition in Cuprates


R. S. Markiewicz, I. G. Buda, P. Mistark et al.


We propose a new approach to understand the origin of the pseudogap in the cuprates, in terms of bosonic entropy. The near-simultaneous softening of a large number of different q


Comparison of multivariate analysis methods for extracting the paraffin component from the paraffin-embedded cancer tissue spectra for Raman imaging


Phiranuphon Meksiarun, Mika Ishigaki, Verena A.C. Huck-Pezzei et al.


This study aimed to extract the paraffin component from paraffin-embedded oral cancer tissue spectra using three multivariate analysis (MVA) methods; Independent Component …


Characterisation of mental health conditions in social media using Informed Deep Learning


George Gkotsis, Anika Oellrich, Sumithra Velupillai et al.


The number of people affected by mental illness is on the increase and with it the burden on health and social care use, as well as the loss of both productivity and …


Robust and fast characterization of OCT-based optical attenuation using a novel frequency-domain algorithm for brain cancer detection


Wu Yuan, Carmen Kut, Wenxuan Liang et al.


Cancer is known to alter the local optical properties of tissues. The detection of OCT-based optical attenuation provides a quantitative method to efficiently differentiate …


Metabolic Profiling of IDH Mutation and Malignant Progression in Infiltrating Glioma


Llewellyn E. Jalbert, Adam Elkhaled, Joanna J. Phillips et al.


Infiltrating low grade gliomas (LGGs) are heterogeneous in their behavior and the strategies used for clinical management are highly variable. A key factor in clinical …


Hybrid Core-Shell (HyCoS) Nanoparticles produced by Complex Coacervation for Multimodal Applications


D. Vecchione, A. M. Grimaldi, E. Forte et al.


Multimodal imaging probes can provide diagnostic information combining different imaging modalities. Nanoparticles (NPs) can contain two or more imaging tracers that allow …


Environment-insensitive and gate-controllable photocurrent enabled by bandgap engineering of MoS2 junctions


Fu-Yu Shih, Yueh-Chun Wu, Yi-Siang Shih et al.


Two-dimensional (2D) materials are composed of atomically thin crystals with an enormous surface-to-volume ratio, and their physical properties can be easily subjected to the …


Two-dimensional Turbulence in Symmetric Binary-Fluid Mixtures: Coarsening Arrest by the Inverse Cascade


Prasad Perlekar, Nairita Pal, Rahul Pandit


We study two-dimensional (2D) binary-fluid turbulence by carrying out an extensive direct numerical simulation (DNS) of the forced, statistically steady turbulence in the coupled …


Carbon Nanotube Mode-Locked Thulium Fiber Laser With 200 nm Tuning Range


Yafei Meng, Yao Li, Yongbing Xu et al.


We demonstrated a mode-locked thulium/holmium (Tm/Ho) fiber laser continuously tunable across 200 nm (from 1860 nm to 2060 nm), which to the best of our knowledge represents the …


A computational approach to calculate the heat of transport of aqueous solutions


Silvia Di Lecce, Tim Albrecht, Fernando Bresme


Thermal gradients induce concentration gradients in alkali halide solutions, and the salt migrates towards hot or cold regions depending on the average temperature of the …


Tuning of Exchange Coupling and Switchable Magnetization Dynamics by Displacing the Bridging Ligands Observed in Two Dimeric Manganese(III) Compounds


Xiang-Yu Liu, Pei-Pei Cen, Li-Zhou Wu et al.


Two Mn(III)-based dimers, [Mn2(bpad)2(CH3O)4]n (1) and [Mn2(bpad)2(pa)2]n·2H2O (2) (Hbpad = N3-benzoylpyridine-2-carboxamidrazone, H2pa = phthalic acid), have been assembled from …


Investigation on the corrosive effect of NH3 during InGaN/GaN multi-quantum well growth in light emitting diodes


J. Yang, D. G. Zhao, D. S. Jiang et al.


Three series of samples with different NH3 flow rate are grown and the optical and structural properties are investigated. It is found that apart from a positive effect on …


Influence of the Ag concentration on the medium-range order in a CuZrAlAg bulk metallic glass


C. Gammer, B. Escher, C. Ebner et al.


Fluctuation electron microscopy of bulk metallic glasses of CuZrAl(Ag) demonstrates that medium-range order is sensitive to minor compositional changes. By analyzing …


Bio-inspired colorimetric film based on hygroscopic coloration of longhorn beetles (Tmesisternus isabellae)


Han-bok Seo, Seung-Yop Lee


Structure-dependent colour is caused by the interaction of light with photonic crystal structures rather than pigments. The elytra of longhorn beetles Tmesisternus isabellae


Grid-enhanced X-ray coded aperture microscopy with polycapillary optics


Katarzyna M. Sowa, Arndt Last, Paweł Korecki


Polycapillary devices focus X-rays by means of multiple reflections of X-rays in arrays of bent glass capillaries. The size of the focal spot (typically 10–100 μm) limits the …


An aqueous electrolyte of the widest potential window and its superior capability for capacitors


Hiroshi Tomiyasu, Hirokazu Shikata, Koichiro Takao et al.


A saturated aqueous solution of sodium perchlorate (SSPAS) was found to be electrochemically superior, because the potential window is remarkably wide to be approximately 3.2 V …


Universal sensitivity of speckle intensity correlations to wavefront change in light diffusers


KyungDuk Kim, Hyeonseung Yu, KyeoReh Lee et al.


Here, we present a concept based on the realization that a complex medium can be used as a simple interferometer. Changes in the wavefront of an incident coherent beam can be …


High-accuracy current generation in the nanoampere regime from a silicon single-trap electron pump


Gento Yamahata, Stephen P. Giblin, Masaya Kataoka et al.


A gigahertz single-electron (SE) pump with a semiconductor charge island is promising for a future quantum current standard. However, high-accuracy current in the nanoampere …


Resistive switching mechanism in the one diode-one resistor memory based on p+-Si/n-ZnO heterostructure revealed by in-situ TEM


Lei Zhang, Liang Zhu, Xiaomei Li et al.


One diode-one resistor (1D1R) memory is an effective architecture to suppress the crosstalk interference, realizing the crossbar network integration of resistive random access …


Flexible frequency selective metamaterials for microwave applications


Bo Gao, Matthew M. F Yuen, Terry Tao Ye


Metamaterials have attracted more and more research attentions recently. Metamaterials for electromagnetic applications consist of sub-wavelength structures designed to exhibit …


Unprecedented simultaneous enhancement in damage tolerance and fatigue resistance of zirconia/Ta composites


A. Smirnov, J. I. Beltrán, T. Rodriguez-Suarez et al.


Dense (>98 th%) and homogeneous ceramic/metal composites were obtained by spark plasma sintering (SPS) using ZrO2 and lamellar metallic powders of tantalum or niobium (20 vol.%) …


Enhanced Transmissions Through Three-dimensional Cascade Sharp Waveguide Bends Using C-slit Diaphragms


Rui Yang, Bowei Hu, Aofang Zhang et al.


Transmission properties through sharp rectangular waveguide bends are investigated to determine the cut-off bending angles of the wave propagation. We show that a simple metallic …


The effect of surface texture on the kinetic friction of a nanowire on a substrate


Hongtao Xie, James Mead, Shiliang Wang et al.


The friction between Al2O3 nanowires and silicon substrates of different surface textures was characterised by use of optical manipulation. It was found that surface textures had …


Reconstruction of noise-driven nonlinear networks from node outputs by using high-order correlations


Yang Chen, Zhaoyang Zhang, Tianyu Chen et al.


Many practical systems can be described by dynamic networks, for which modern technique can measure their outputs, and accumulate extremely rich data. Nevertheless, the network …


Flexible wire-shaped strain sensor from cotton thread for human health and motion detection


Yuan-Qing Li, Pei Huang, Wei-Bin Zhu et al.


In this work, a wire-shaped flexible strain sensor was fabricated by encapsulating conductive carbon thread (CT) with polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) elastomer. The key strain …


A Nanotechnology-Ready Computing Scheme based on a Weakly Coupled Oscillator Network


Damir Vodenicarevic, Nicolas Locatelli, Flavio Abreu Araujo et al.


With conventional transistor technologies reaching their limits, alternative computing schemes based on novel technologies are currently gaining considerable interest. Notably, …


High Temperature Near-Field NanoThermoMechanical Rectification


Mahmoud Elzouka, Sidy Ndao


Limited performance and reliability of electronic devices at extreme temperatures, intensive electromagnetic fields, and radiation found in space exploration missions (i.e., …


Ag/AgO Nanoparticles Grown via Time Dependent Double Mechanism in a 2D Layered Ni-PCP and Their Antibacterial Efficacy


Rashmi A. Agarwal, Neeraj K. Gupta, Rajan Singh et al.


A simple synthesis route for growth of Ag/AgO nanoparticles (NPs) in large quantitative yields with narrow size distribution from a functional, non-activated, Ni (II) based …


Sweet taste in apple: the role of sorbitol, individual sugars, organic acids and volatile compounds


Eugenio Aprea, Mathilde Charles, Isabella Endrizzi et al.


Sweetness is one of the main drivers of consumer preference, and thus is given high priority in apple breeding programmes. Due to the complexity of sweetness evaluation, soluble …


Silicon and Carbon Nanocomposite Spheres with Enhanced Electrochemical Performance for Full Cell Lithium Ion Batteries


Wei Wang, Zachary Favors, Changling Li et al.


Herein, facile synthesis of monodisperse silicon and carbon nanocomposite spheres (MSNSs) is achieved via a simple and scalable surface-protected magnesiothermic reduction with …


An Expanded Multi-scale Monte Carlo Simulation Method for Personalized Radiobiological Effect Estimation in Radiotherapy: a feasibility study


Ying Zhang, Yuanming Feng, Wei Wang et al.


A novel and versatile “bottom-up” approach is developed to estimate the radiobiological effect of clinic radiotherapy. The model consists of multi-scale Monte Carlo simulations …


A novel procedure for the identification of chaos in complex biological systems


D. Bazeia, M. B. P. N. Pereira, A. V. Brito et al.


We demonstrate the presence of chaos in stochastic simulations that are widely used to study biodiversity in nature. The investigation deals with a set of three distinct species …


Plasmon-assisted site-selective growth of Ag nanotriangles and Ag-Cu2O hybrids


Ying Xie, Liang Ma, Zi-Qiang Cheng et al.


We report a plasmon-assisted growth of metal and semiconductor onto the tips of Ag nanotriangles (AgNTs) under light irradiation. The site-selective growth of Ag onto AgNTs are …


5D imaging via light sheet microscopy reveals cell dynamics during the eye-antenna disc primordium formation in Drosophila


Yu Shan Huang, Hui Yu Ku, Yun Chi Tsai et al.


5D images of engrailed (en) and eye gone (eyg) gene expressions during the course of the eye-antenna disc primordium (EADP) formation of Drosophila embryos from embryonic stages …


Imaging tissue-mimic with light sheet microscopy: A comparative guideline


Jordi Andilla, Raphael Jorand, Omar E. Olarte et al.


Tissue mimics (TMs) on the scale of several hundred microns provide a beneficial cell culture configuration for in vitro engineered tissue and are currently under the spotlight …

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