Tuesday, January 31, 2017

Scientific Reports Physics Table of Contents e-alert: 31 January 2017

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  31 January 2017   
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Physical Sciences

A robust, highly stretchable supramolecular polymer conductive hydrogel with self-healability and thermo-processability


Qian Wu, Junjie Wei, Bing Xu et al.


Dual amide hydrogen bond crosslinked and strengthened high strength supramolecular polymer conductive hydrogels were fabricated by simply in situ doping poly (N-acryloyl …


Effect of LPSO and SFs on microstructure evolution and mechanical properties of Mg-Gd-Y-Zn-Zr alloy


Chao Xu, Taiki Nakata, Xiaoguang Qiao et al.


High performance Mg-8.2Gd-3.8Y-1.0Zn-0.4Zr alloy with high strength and excellent ductility has been successfully developed by hot extrusion. The effect of plate-shaped long …


Constructing Robust Cooperative Networks using a Multi-Objective Evolutionary Algorithm


Shuai Wang, Jing Liu


The design and construction of network structures oriented towards different applications has attracted much attention recently. The existing studies indicated that structural …


Discorrelated quantum states


Evan Meyer-Scott, Johannes Tiedau, Georg Harder et al.


The statistical properties of photons are fundamental to investigating quantum mechanical phenomena using light. In multiphoton, two-mode systems, correlations may exist between …


Exciton Emission Intensity Modulation of Monolayer MoS2 via Au Plasmon Coupling


B. Mukherjee, N. Kaushik, Ravi P. N. Tripathi et al.


Modulation of photoluminescence of atomically thin transition metal dichalcogenide two-dimensional materials is critical for their integration in optoelectronic and photonic …


Effects of light on quantum phases and topological properties of two-dimensional Metal-organic frameworks


Yunhua Wang, Yulan Liu, Biao Wang


Periodically driven nontrivial quantum states open another door to engineer topological phases in solid systems by light. Here we show, based on the Floquet-Bloch theory, that …


Composition dependent band offsets of ZnO and its ternary alloys


Haitao Yin, Junli Chen, Yin Wang et al.


We report the calculated fundamental band gaps of wurtzite ternary alloys Zn1−xMxO (M = Mg, Cd) and the band offsets of the ZnO/Zn1−xMxO heterojunctions, these II-VI materials …


Three-dimensional ordered mesoporous Co3O4 enhanced by Pd for oxygen evolution reaction


Qing Qu, Jian-Hua Zhang, Jing Wang et al.


Considerable efforts have been devoted recently to design and fabrication of high performance and low cost electrocatalysts for oxygen evolution reaction (OER). However, …


Wide Field-of-view and Broadband Terahertz Beam Steering Based on Gap Plasmon Geodesic Antennas


Kaipeng Liu, Yinghui Guo, Mingbo Pu et al.


Despite a plethora of applications ranging from wireless communications to sensing and spectroscopy, the current terahertz beam steering technologies suffer from tremendous …


Hydrocracking of Jatropha Oil over non-sulfided PTA-NiMo/ZSM-5 Catalyst


Xiaosong Yang, Jing Liu, Kai Fan et al.


The PTA-NiMo/ZSM-5 catalyst impregnated with phosphotungstic acid (PTA) was designed for the transformation of Jatropha oil into benzene, toluene, and xylenes (BTX) aromatics. …


Time-reversing a monochromatic subwavelength optical focus by optical phase conjugation of multiply-scattered light


Jongchan Park, Chunghyun Park, KyeoReh Lee et al.


Due to its time-reversal nature, optical phase conjugation generates a monochromatic light wave which retraces its propagation paths. Here, we demonstrate the regeneration of a …


Determination and controlling of grain structure of metals after laser incidence: Theoretical approach


Amir Reza Ansari Dezfoli, Weng-Sing Hwang, Wei-Chin Huang et al.


There are serious questions about the grain structure of metals after laser melting and the ways that it can be controlled. In this regard, the current paper explains the grain …


Poly(carboxylate ether)-based superplasticizer achieves workability retention in calcium aluminate cement


Omid Akhlaghi, Yusuf Ziya Menceloglu, Ozge Akbulut


Calcium aluminate cement (CAC) suffers from loss of workability in less than an hour (~15 minutes) after first touch of water. Current superplasticizers that are utilized to …


Spatial Division Multiplexed Microwave Signal processing by selective grating inscription in homogeneous multicore fibers


Ivana Gasulla, David Barrera, Javier Hervás et al.


The use of Spatial Division Multiplexing for Microwave Photonics signal processing is proposed and experimentally demonstrated, for the first time to our knowledge, based on the …


Key factors affecting mechanical behavior of metallic glass nanowires


Qi Zhang, Qi-Kai Li, Mo Li


Both strengthening and weakening trends with decreasing diameter have been observed for metallic glass nanowires, sometimes even in the samples with the same chemical …


Chaoticons described by nonlocal nonlinear Schrödinger equation


Lanhua Zhong, Yuqi Li, Yong Chen et al.


It is shown that the unstable evolutions of the Hermite-Gauss-type stationary solutions for the nonlocal nonlinear Schrödinger equation with the exponential-decay response …


Critical scattering and incommensurate phase transition in antiferroelectric PbZrO3 under pressure


R. G. Burkovsky, I. Bronwald, D. Andronikova et al.


Antiferroelectric lead zirconate is the key ingredient in modern ferroelectric and piezoelectric functional solid solutions. By itself it offers opportunities in new-type …


Solar-Pumping Upconversion of Interfacial Coordination Nanoparticles


Ayumi Ishii, Miki Hasegawa


An interfacial coordination nanoparticle successfully exhibited an upconversion blue emission excited by very low-power light irradiation, such as sunlight. The interfacial …


Mode Coupling and Nonlinear Resonances of MEMS Arch Resonators for Bandpass Filters


Amal Z. Hajjaj, Md Abdullah Hafiz, Mohammad I. Younis


We experimentally demonstrate an exploitation of the nonlinear softening, hardening, and veering phenomena (near crossing), where the frequencies of two vibration modes get close …


Magnetocaloric effect and negative thermal expansion in hexagonal Fe doped MnNiGe compounds with a magnetoelastic AFM-FM-like transition


Kun Xu, Zhe Li, Enke Liu et al.


We report a detailed study of two successive first-order transitions, including a martensitic transition (MT) and an antiferromagnetic (AFM)-ferromagnetic (FM)-like transition, …


Signal mingle: Micropatterns of BMP-2 and fibronectin on soft biopolymeric films regulate myoblast shape and SMAD signaling


Vincent Fitzpatrick, Laure Fourel, Olivier Destaing et al.


In vivo, bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2) exists both in solution and bound to the extracellular matrix (ECM). While these two modes of presentation are known to influence …


Guided magnonic Michelson interferometer


Muhammad H. Ahmed, Jan Jeske, Andrew D. Greentree


Magnonics is an emerging field with potential applications in classical and quantum information processing. Freely propagating magnons in two-dimensional media are subject to …


Emergence of consensus as a modular-to-nested transition in communication dynamics


Javier Borge-Holthoefer, Raquel A. Baños, Carlos Gracia-Lázaro et al.


Online social networks have transformed the way in which humans communicate and interact, leading to a new information ecosystem where people send and receive information through …


The dynamic behaviors of complementary correlations under decoherence channels


Ming-Ming Du, Dong Wang, Liu Ye


Complementary correlations can reveal the genuine quantum correlations present in a composite quantum system. Here, we explore an effective method to identify the entangled Bell …


Comparison between Field Effect Transistors and Bipolar Junction Transistors as Transducers in Electrochemical Sensors


Sufi Zafar, Minhua Lu, Ashish Jagtiani


Field effect transistors (FET) have been widely used as transducers in electrochemical sensors for over 40 years. In this report, a FET transducer is compared with the recently …


Hollow Au-Ag Nanoparticles Labeled Immunochromatography Strip for Highly Sensitive Detection of Clenbuterol


Jingyun Wang, Lei Zhang, Youju Huang et al.


The probe materials play a significant role in improving the detection efficiency and sensitivity of lateral-flow immunochromatographic test strip (ICTS). Unlike conventional …


Ultrafiltration membrane for effective removal of chromium ions from potable water


M. R. Muthumareeswaran, Mansour Alhoshan, Gopal Prasad Agarwal


The objective of the present work was to investigate the efficacy of indigenously developed polyacrylonitrile (PAN) based ultrafiltration (UF) membrane for chromium ions removal …


Quantum Interference and Selectivity through Biological Ion Channels


Vahid Salari, Hamidreza Naeij, Afshin Shafiee


The mechanism of selectivity in ion channels is still an open question in biology for more than half a century. Here, we suggest that quantum interference can be a solution to …


DOE Optimization of Nano-based Carrier of Pregabalin as Hydrogel: New Therapeutic & Chemometric Approaches for Controlled Drug Delivery Systems


Mona G. Arafa, Bassam M. Ayoub


Niosomes entrapping pregabalin (PG) were prepared using span 60 and cholesterol in different molar ratios by hydration method, the remaining PG from the hydrating solution was …


A glasses-type wearable device for monitoring the patterns of food intake and facial activity


Jungman Chung, Jungmin Chung, Wonjun Oh et al.


Here we present a new method for automatic and objective monitoring of ingestive behaviors in comparison with other facial activities through load cells embedded in a pair of …


Ultra-fast cell counters based on microtubular waveguides


Cornelius S. Bausch, Christian Heyn, Wolfgang Hansen et al.


We present a radio-frequency impedance-based biosensor embedded inside a semiconductor microtube for the in-flow detection of single cells. An impedance-matched tank circuit and …


A novel approach to analyze lysosomal dysfunctions through subcellular proteomics and lipidomics: the case of NPC1 deficiency


Arun Kumar Tharkeshwar, Jesse Trekker, Wendy Vermeire et al.


Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) have mainly been used as cellular carriers for genes and therapeutic products, while their use in subcellular organelle …


Ultrafast nonlinear optical properties of thin-solid DNA film and their application as a saturable absorber in femtosecond mode-locked fiber laser


Reza Khazaeinezhad, Sahar Hosseinzadeh Kassani, Bjorn Paulson et al.


A new extraordinary application of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) thin-solid-film was experimentally explored in the field of ultrafast nonlinear photonics. Optical transmission was …


Hexagonal tungsten oxide nanoflowers as enzymatic mimetics and electrocatalysts


Chan Yeong Park, Ji Min Seo, Hongil Jo et al.


Tungsten oxide (WOx) has been widely studied for versatile applications based on its photocatalytic, intrinsic catalytic, and electrocatalytic properties. Among the several …


Efficient single-pixel multispectral imaging via non-mechanical spatio-spectral modulation


Ziwei Li, Jinli Suo, Xuemei Hu et al.


Combining spectral imaging with compressive sensing (CS) enables efficient data acquisition by fully utilizing the intrinsic redundancies in natural images. Current compressive …


On the Fractality of Complex Networks: Covering Problem, Algorithms and Ahlfors Regularity


Lihong Wang, Qin Wang, Lifeng Xi et al.


In this paper, we revisit the fractality of complex network by investigating three dimensions with respect to minimum box-covering, minimum ball-covering and average volume of …


Thermally induced gas flows in ratchet channels with diffuse and specular boundaries


Vahid Shahabi, Tobias Baier, Ehsan Roohi et al.


A net gas flow can be induced in the gap between periodically structured surfaces held at fixed but different temperatures when the reflection symmetry along the channel axis is …


Emergent Properties of Giant Vesicles Formed by a Polymerization-Induced Self-Assembly (PISA) Reaction


Anders N. Albertsen, Jan K. Szymański, Juan Pérez-Mercader


Giant micrometer sized vesicles are of obvious interest to the natural sciences as well as engineering, having potential application in fields ranging from drug delivery to …


Graphene Oxide Dysregulates Neuroligin/NLG-1-Mediated Molecular Signaling in Interneurons in Caenorhabditis elegans


He Chen, Huirong Li, Dayong Wang


Graphene oxide (GO) can be potentially used in many medical and industrial fields. Using assay system of Caenorhabditis elegans, we identified the NLG-1/Neuroligin-mediated …


Temperature dependent CO2 behavior in microporous 1-D channels of a metal-organic framework with multiple interaction sites


Dongwook Kim, Jaehun Park, Yung Sam Kim et al.


The MOF with the encapsulated CO2 molecule shows that the CO2 molecule is ligated to the unsaturated Cu(II) sites in the cage using its Lewis basic oxygen atom via an angular η1


Effect of the KF post-deposition treatment on grain boundary properties in Cu(In, Ga)Se2 thin films


N. Nicoara, Th. Lepetit, L. Arzel et al.


Significant power conversion efficiency improvements have recently been achieved for thin-film solar cells based on a variety of polycrystalline absorbers, including perovskites, …


One-Pot Green Synthesis of Graphene Nanosheets Encapsulated Gold Nanoparticles for Sensitive and Selective Detection of Dopamine


Balamurugan Thirumalraj, Chellakannu Rajkumar, Shen-Ming Chen et al.


We report a simple new approach for green preparation of gallic acid supported reduced graphene oxide encapsulated gold nanoparticles (GA-RGO/AuNPs) via one-pot hydrothermal …


Highly Flexible and Transparent Ag Nanowire Electrode Encapsulated with Ultra-Thin Al2O3: Thermal, Ambient, and Mechanical Stabilities


Byungil Hwang, Youngseo An, Hyangsook Lee et al.


There is an increasing demand in the flexible electronics industry for highly robust flexible/transparent conductors that can withstand high temperatures and corrosive …


Effects of non-exciton components excited by broadband pulses on quantum beats in a GaAs/AlAs multiple quantum well


Osamu Kojima, Yuki Iwasaki, Takashi Kita et al.


In this study, we report the effect of the excitation of non-exciton components caused by broadband pulses on quantum beat oscillation. Using a spectrally controlled pump pulse, …


Effect of Flow and Particle-Plastron Collision on the Longevity of Superhydrophobicity


Babak Vajdi Hokmabad, Sina Ghaemi


Among diverse methods for drag reduction, superhydrophobicity has shown considerable promise because it can produce a shear-free boundary without energy input. However, the …


Hazy Transparent Cellulose Nanopaper


Ming-Chun Hsieh, Hirotaka Koga, Katsuaki Suganuma et al.


The aim of this study is to clarify light scattering mechanism of hazy transparent cellulose nanopaper. Clear optical transparent nanopaper consists of 3–15 nm wide cellulose …


A Circular Polarizer with Beamforming Feature Based on Frequency Selective Surfaces


Jia Yuan Yin, Xiang Wan, Jian Ren et al.


We propose a circular polarizer with beamforming features based on frequency selective surface (FSS), in which a modified anchor-shaped unit cell is used to reach the circular …


Converting Ni-loaded biochars into supercapacitors: Implication on the reuse of exhausted carbonaceous sorbents


Yifan Wang, Yue Zhang, Lei Pei et al.


Biochar derived from waste biomass has proven as a promising sorbent for removal of heavy metals from wastewater. However, proper disposal of such a heavy metal-containing …


Mastoid vibration affects dynamic postural control during gait in healthy older adults


Jung Hung Chien, Mukul Mukherjee, Jenny Kent et al.


Vestibular disorders are difficult to diagnose early due to the lack of a systematic assessment. Our previous work has developed a reliable experimental design and the result …


Fabrication, Optimization and Characterization of Natural Dye Sensitized Solar Cell


William Ghann, Hyeonggon Kang, Tajbik Sheikh et al.


The dyes extracted from pomegranate and berry fruits were successfully used in the fabrication of natural dye sensitized solar cells (NDSSC). The morphology, porosity, surface …


Augmented laminography, a correlative 3D imaging method for revealing the inner structure of compressed fossils


Marcus Zuber, Michael Laaß, Elias Hamann et al.


Non-destructive imaging techniques can be extremely useful tools for the investigation and the assessment of palaeontological objects, as mechanical preparation of rare and …


RhBMP-2 loaded 3D-printed mesoporous silica/calcium phosphate cement porous scaffolds with enhanced vascularization and osteogenesis properties


Cuidi Li, Chuan Jiang, Yuan Deng et al.


A major limitation in the development of effective scaffolds for bone regeneration has been the limited vascularization of the regenerating tissue. Here, we propose the …


Head rice rate measurement based on concave point matching


Yuan Yao, Wei Wu, Tianle Yang et al.


Head rice rate is an important factor affecting rice quality. In this study, an inflection point detection-based technology was applied to measure the head rice rate by combining …


Preprocedural C-Reactive Protein Predicts Outcomes after Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Patients with ST-elevation Myocardial Infarction a systematic meta-analysis


Raluca-Ileana Mincu, Rolf Alexander Jánosi, Dragos Vinereanu et al.


Risk assessment in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) is critical in order to provide adequate treatment. We performed a systematic meta-analysis to assess the …


Design and fabrication of a passive droplet dispenser for portable high resolution imaging system


Tahseen Kamal, Rachel Watkins, Zijian Cen et al.


Moldless lens manufacturing techniques using standard droplet dispensing technology often require precise control over pressure to initiate fluid flow and control droplet …


Distinguishing Functional DNA Words; A Method for Measuring Clustering Levels


Hanieh Moghaddasi, Khosrow Khalifeh, Amir Hossein Darooneh


Functional DNA sub-sequences and genome elements are spatially clustered through the genome just as keywords in literary texts. Therefore, some of the methods for ranking words …


Photodegradation of octylisothiazolinone and semi-field emissions from facade coatings


Ulla E. Bollmann, Greta Minelgaite, Michael Schlüsener et al.


Amongst others, 2-octyl-isothiazol-3(2 H)-one (OIT) is used as film preservative in water-based polymer resin paints and renders to prevent the growth of moulds and bacteria. It …


Catalytic behavior of metal catalysts in high-temperature RWGS reaction: In-situ FT-IR experiments and first-principles calculations


Sungjun Choi, Byoung-In Sang, Jongsup Hong et al.


High-temperature chemical reactions are ubiquitous in (electro) chemical applications designed to meet the growing demands of environmental and energy protection. However, the …


Thermal conductivity of graphene nanoribbons under shear deformation: A molecular dynamics simulation


Chao Zhang, Xiao-Li Hao, Cui-Xia Wang et al.


Tensile strain and compress strain can greatly affect the thermal conductivity of graphene nanoribbons (GNRs). However, the effect of GNRs under shear strain, which is also one …


Regioselectivity and Mechanism of Synthesizing N-Substituted 2-Pyridones and 2-Substituted Pyridines via Metal-Free C-O and C-N Bond-Cleaving of Oxazoline[3,2-a]pyridiniums


Bo Li, Susu Xue, Yang Yang et al.


Novel intermediate oxazoline[3,2-a]pyridiniums were facilely prepared from 2-(2,2-dimethoxyethoxy)-pyridines via acid promoted intramolecular cyclization. Sequentially, the …


Sb2O3/Ag/Sb2O3 Multilayer Transparent Conducting Films For Ultraviolet Organic Light-emitting Diode


Chunyan Song, Nan Zhang, Jie Lin et al.


A novel UV transparent conducting films based on Sb2O3/Ag/Sb2O3 (SAS) structure, which were prepared by an electron-beam thermal evaporation at room temperature. This SAS …


Spatial distribution of electrons near the Fermi level in the metallic LaB6 through accurate X-ray charge density study


Hidetaka Kasai, Eiji Nishibori


Charge densities of iso-structural metal hexaborides, a transparent metal LaB6 and a semiconductor BaB6, have been determined using the d > 0.22 Å ultra-high resolution …


Soft Nanocomposite Based Multi-point, Multi-directional Strain Mapping Sensor Using Anisotropic Electrical Impedance Tomography


Hyosang Lee, Donguk Kwon, Haedo Cho et al.


The practical utilization of soft nanocomposites as a strain mapping sensor in tactile sensors and artificial skins requires robustness for various contact conditions as well as …


Erratum: The Synergy of Double Cross-linking Agents on the Properties of Styrene Butadiene Rubber Foams


Liang Shao, Zhan-You Ji, Jian-Zhong Ma et al.



Six-band terahertz metamaterial absorber based on the combination of multiple-order responses of metallic patches in a dual-layer stacked resonance structure


Ben-Xin Wang, Gui-Zhen Wang, Tian Sang et al.


This paper reports on a numerical study of the six-band metamaterial absorber composed of two alternating stack of metallic-dielectric layers on top of a continuous metallic …


Using electric current to surpass the microstructure breakup limit


Rongshan Qin


The elongated droplets and grains can break up into smaller ones. This process is driven by the interfacial free energy minimization, which gives rise to a breakup limit. We …


Noise-tunable nonlinearity in a dispersively coupled diffusion-resonator system using superconducting circuits


Christin Rhén, Andreas Isacsson


The harmonic oscillator is one of the most widely used model systems in physics: an indispensable theoretical tool in a variety of fields. It is well known that an otherwise …


Integrated Microfluidic Flow-Through Microbial Fuel Cells


Huawei Jiang, Md. Azahar Ali, Zhen Xu et al.


This paper reports on a miniaturized microbial fuel cell with a microfluidic flow-through configuration: a porous anolyte chamber is formed by filling a microfluidic chamber with …


Electronic Structure Evolution with Composition Alteration of RhxCuy Alloy Nanoparticles


Natalia Palina, Osami Sakata, L. S. R. Kumara et al.


The change in electronic structure of extremely small RhxCuy alloy nanoparticles (NPs) with composition variation was investigated by core-level (CL) and valence-band (VB) hard …


Broadband Energy Harvester Using Non-linear Polymer Spring and Electromagnetic/Triboelectric Hybrid Mechanism


Rahul Kumar Gupta, Qiongfeng Shi, Lokesh Dhakar et al.


Over the years, several approaches have been devised to widen the operating bandwidth, but most of them can only be triggered at high accelerations. In this work, we investigate …


Syringeless Electrospinning toward Versatile Fabrication of Nanofiber Web


Seongjun Moon, Manjae Gil, Kyung Jin Lee


Although electrospinning is considered a powerful and generic tool for the preparation of nanofiber webs, several issues still need to be overcome for real-world applications. …


Escape rate and diffusion of a Stochastically Driven particle


Antonio Piscitelli, Massimo Pica Ciamarra


The dynamical properties of a tracer repeatedly colliding with heat bath particles can be described within a Langevin framework provided that the tracer is more massive than the …


Alignment Solution for CT Image Reconstruction using Fixed Point and Virtual Rotation Axis


Kyungtaek Jun, Seokhwan Yoon


Since X-ray tomography is now widely adopted in many different areas, it becomes more crucial to find a robust routine of handling tomographic data to get better quality of …


Excellent Thermoelectric Properties in monolayer WSe2 Nanoribbons due to Ultralow Phonon Thermal Conductivity


Jue Wang, Fang Xie, Xuan-Hao Cao et al.


By using first-principles calculations combined with the nonequilibrium Green’s function method and phonon Boltzmann transport equation, we systematically investigate the …


Persistence of strong and switchable ferroelectricity despite vacancies


Aldo Raeliarijaona, Huaxiang Fu


Vacancies play a pivotal role in affecting ferroelectric polarization and switching properties, and there is a possibility that ferroelectricity may be utterly eliminated when …


Antimicrobial Nanoplexes meet Model Bacterial Membranes: the key role of Cardiolipin


Alejandro Marín-Menéndez, Costanza Montis, Teresa Díaz-Calvo et al.


Antimicrobial resistance to traditional antibiotics is a crucial challenge of medical research. Oligonucleotide therapeutics, such as antisense or Transcription Factor Decoys …


Physical Activity, TV Watching Time, Sleeping, and Risk of Obesity and Hyperglycemia in the Offspring of Mothers with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus


Tao Zhang, Peng Wang, Huikun Liu et al.


We investigated the association of physical activity, TV watching time, sleeping time with the risks of obesity and hyperglycemia among 1263 offspring aged 1–5 years of mothers …


A New Efficient Hybrid Intelligent Model for Biodegradation Process of DMP with Fuzzy Wavelet Neural Networks


Mingzhi Huang, Tao Zhang, Jujun Ruan et al.


A new efficient hybrid intelligent approach based on fuzzy wavelet neural network (FWNN) was proposed for effectively modeling and simulating biodegradation process of Dimethyl …


Kernel-based Joint Feature Selection and Max-Margin Classification for Early Diagnosis of Parkinson’s Disease


Ehsan Adeli, Guorong Wu, Behrouz Saghafi et al.


Feature selection methods usually select the most compact and relevant set of features based on their contribution to a linear regression model. Thus, these features might not be …


A deforestation-induced tipping point for the South American monsoon system


Niklas Boers, Norbert Marwan, Henrique M. J. Barbosa et al.


The Amazon rainforest has been proposed as a tipping element of the earth system, with the possibility of a dieback of the entire ecosystem due to deforestation only of parts of …


Dynamical proxies of North Atlantic predictability and extremes


Davide Faranda, Gabriele Messori, Pascal Yiou


Atmospheric flows are characterized by chaotic dynamics and recurring large-scale patterns. These two characteristics point to the existence of an atmospheric attractor defined …


Unloading Characteristics of Sand-drift in Wind-shallow Areas along Railway and the Effect of Sand Removal by Force of Wind


Jian-jun Cheng, Guo-Wei Xin, Ling-yan Zhi et al.


Wind-shield walls decrease the velocity of wind-drift sand flow in transit. This results in sand accumulating in the wind-shadow zone of both windshield wall and track line, …


High Quality Bioreplication of Intricate Nanostructures from a Fragile Gecko Skin Surface with Bactericidal Properties


David William Green, Kenneth Ka-Ho Lee, Jolanta Anna Watson et al.


The external epithelial surfaces of plants and animals are frequently carpeted with small micro- and nanostructures, which broadens their adaptive capabilities in challenging …


Optimal Down Regulation of mRNA Translation


Yoram Zarai, Michael Margaliot, Tamir Tuller


Down regulation of mRNA translation is an important problem in various bio-medical domains ranging from developing effective medicines for tumors and for viral diseases to …


Mechanistic insights into the impact of Cold Atmospheric Pressure Plasma on human epithelial cell lines


Marlène Dezest, Laurent Chavatte, Marion Bourdens et al.


Compelling evidence suggests that Cold Atmospheric Pressure Plasma (CAPP) has potential as a new cancer therapy. However, knowledge about cellular signaling events and toxicity …


CuMnOS Nanoflowers with Different Cu+/Cu2+ Ratios for the CO2-to-CH3OH and the CH3OH-to-H2 Redox Reactions


Xiaoyun Chen, Hairus Abdullah, Dong-Hau Kuo


A conservative CO2-Methanol (CH3OH) regeneration cycle, to capture and reutilize the greenhouse gas of CO2 by aqueous hydrogenation for industry-useful CH3OH and to convert …


Holographic image generation with a thin-film resonance caused by chalcogenide phase-change material


Seung-Yeol Lee, Yong-Hae Kim, Seong-M. Cho et al.


The development of digital holography is anticipated for the viewing of 3D images by reconstructing both the amplitude and phase information of the object. Compared to analog …


Giant Flexoelectro-optic Effect with Liquid Crystal Dimer CB7CB


Andrii Varanytsia, Liang-Chy Chien


We demonstrate a giant flexoelectro-optic behavior of liquid crystal dimer CB7CB. Flexoelectric properties of CB7CB experimentally characterized by measured angle of an in-plane …


A novel Laccase Biosensor based on Laccase immobilized Graphene-Cellulose Microfiber Composite modified Screen-Printed Carbon Electrode for Sensitive Determination of Catechol


Selvakumar Palanisamy, Sayee Kannan Ramaraj, Shen-Ming Chen et al.


In the present work, we demonstrate the fabrication of laccase biosensor to detect the catechol (CC) using laccase immobilized on graphene-cellulose microfibers (GR-CMF) …


Model dielectric function for 2D semiconductors including substrate screening


Mads L. Trolle, Thomas G. Pedersen, Valerie Véniard


Dielectric screening of excitons in 2D semiconductors is known to be a highly non-local effect, which in reciprocal space translates to a strong dependence on momentum transfer q


Design of Hierarchical Structures for Synchronized Deformations


Hamed Seifi, Anooshe Rezaee Javan, Arash Ghaedizadeh et al.


In this paper we propose a general method for creating a new type of hierarchical structures at any level in both 2D and 3D. A simple rule based on a rotate-and-mirror procedure …


Determining the Photoisomerization Quantum Yield of Photoswitchable Molecules in Solution and in the Solid State


K. Stranius, K. Börjesson


Photoswitchable molecules are able to isomerize between two metastable forms through light stimuli. Originally being studied by photochemists, this type of molecule has now found …


Towards accurate quantum simulations of large systems with small computers


Yonggang Yang


Numerical simulations are important for many systems. In particular, various standard computer programs have been developed for solving the quantum Schrödinger equations. …


Advanced Materials From Fungal Mycelium: Fabrication and Tuning of Physical Properties


Muhammad Haneef, Luca Ceseracciu, Claudio Canale et al.


In this work is presented a new category of self-growing, fibrous, natural composite materials with controlled physical properties that can be produced in large quantities and …


UV and visible light photocatalytic activity of Au/TiO2 nanoforests with Anatase/Rutile phase junctions and controlled Au locations


Yang Yu, Wei Wen, Xin-Yue Qian et al.


To magnify anatase/rutile phase junction effects through appropriate Au decorations, a facile solution-based approach was developed to synthesize Au/TiO2 nanoforests with …


A Rechargeable Li-Air Fuel Cell Battery Based on Garnet Solid Electrolytes


Jiyang Sun, Ning Zhao, Yiqiu Li et al.


Non-aqueous Li-air batteries have been intensively studied in the past few years for their theoretically super-high energy density. However, they cannot operate properly in real …


Effects of ultrasonic vibration on the microstructure and mechanical properties of high alloying TiAl


Chen Ruirun, Zheng Deshuang, Ma Tengfei et al.


To modify the microstructure and enhance performances, the ultrasonic vibration is applied in the mould casting of TiAl alloy. The effects and mechanism of ultrasonic vibration …


Charge transport in nanoscale vertical organic semiconductor pillar devices


Janine G. E. Wilbers, Bojian Xu, Peter A. Bobbert et al.


We report charge transport measurements in nanoscale vertical pillar structures incorporating ultrathin layers of the organic semiconductor poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT). P3HT …


Interacting ultracold atomic kicked rotors: loss of dynamical localization


Pinquan Qin, Alexei Andreanov, Hee Chul Park et al.


We study the fate of dynamical localization of two quantum kicked rotors with contact interaction, which relates to experimental realizations of the rotors with ultra-cold atomic …


Hybrid fiber resonator employing LRSPP waveguide coupler for gyroscope


Guang Qian, Xing-Chang Fu, Li-Jiang Zhang et al.


Polarization error and temperature noise are two main limits to the performance of resonant fiber optic gyroscope (RFOG). To overcome these limits, we demonstrated a hybrid …


Fundamental mechanism for all-optical helicity-dependent switching of magnetization


Xiang-Jun Chen


Switching magnetizations with femtosecond circularly polarized lasers may have revolutionary impacts on magnetic data storage and relevant applications. Achievements in …


Focusing and alignment of erythrocytes in a viscoelastic medium


Taesik Go, Hyeokjun Byeon, Sang Joon Lee


Viscoelastic fluid flow-induced cross-streamline migration has recently received considerable attention because this process provides simple focusing and alignment over a wide …


Iterative Neighbour-Information Gathering for Ranking Nodes in Complex Networks


Shuang Xu, Pei Wang, Jinhu Lü


Designing node influence ranking algorithms can provide insights into network dynamics, functions and structures. Increasingly evidences reveal that node’s spreading ability …


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