Monday, December 3, 2018

Nature Geoscience contents: December 2018 Volume 11 Number 12

Nature Geoscience

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December 2018 Volume 11, Issue 12

News & Views
Amendments & Corrections

Publishing online monthly, Nature Astronomy aims to bring
together astronomers, astrophysicists and planetary scientists.
In addition to the latest advances in research, we offer Comment and Opinion pieces on topical subjects of relevance to our community, including the societal impact of astronomy and updates on telescopes and space missions.


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Deaths versus dollars    p887


Healthy debate on early Mars    p888
R. Wordsworth, B. Ehlmann, F. Forget, R. Haberle, J. Head et al.

News & Views

Climate swings in extinction    pp889 - 890
Ying Cui

Scraped by flat-slab subduction     pp890 - 891
Marc-André Gutscher

World's landlocked basins drying    pp892 - 893
Tamlin M. Pavelsky

JOBS of the week
More Science jobs from
2018 International Forum on Geoscience and Geodesy (IFGG 2018)
Xi'an, China
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The role of calcification in carbonate compensation    pp894 - 900
Bernard P. Boudreau, Jack J. Middelburg & Yiming Luo

Changes in calcification of marine organisms must be considered to explain the deepening of carbonate accumulation during ocean recovery from acidification events. According to a literature synthesis and modelling, dissolution of sedimentary carbonate is not sufficient to explain observations.


Formation of metre-scale bladed roughness on Europa's surface by ablation of ice    pp901 - 904
Daniel E. J. Hobley, Jeffrey M. Moore, Alan D. Howard & Orkan M. Umurhan

Sublimation rates of water ice in equatorial regions of Jupiter's moon Europa are sufficient to sculpt bladed terrain that would pose a hazard to a potential lander mission.

O2 solubility in Martian near-surface environments and implications for aerobic life    pp905 - 909
Vlada Stamenkovic, Lewis M. Ward, Michael Mischna & Woodward W. Fischer

Despite little O2 in the Martian atmosphere, concentrations of dissolved O2 in near-surface brines on Mars may be sufficient to support aerobic life, according to solubility calculations.

Persistent polar ocean warming in a strategically geoengineered climate    pp910 - 914
John T. Fasullo, Simone Tilmes, Jadwiga H. Richter, Ben Kravitz, Douglas G. MacMartin et al.

Changes in the water cycle arising from a strategic geoengineering approach alter the ocean circulation and structure, according to an ensemble of simulations with an Earth System Model.

Global patterns in wood carbon concentration across the world's trees and forests    pp915 - 920
Adam R. Martin, Mahendra Doraisami & Sean C. Thomas

Large variability of wood carbon fractions in different trees can lead to an error of up to 8.9% in carbon estimates for forests, according to an analysis of wood carbon data across global forested biomes.

Low buffering capacity and slow recovery of anthropogenic phosphorus pollution in watersheds    pp921 - 925
J. -O. Goyette, E. M. Bennett & R. Maranger

Watersheds have a low buffering capacity for phosphorus inputs, and their recovery from phosphorus pollution can take over 2,000 years, according to an analysis of phosphorus data from a large North American river.

Recent global decline in endorheic basin water storages    pp926 - 932
Jida Wang, Chunqiao Song, John T. Reager, Fangfang Yao, James S. Famiglietti et al.

Hydrologically landlocked basins worldwide have experienced widespread decline in water storage over the past decade.

Climatic and volcanic forcing of tropical belt northern boundary over the past 800 years    pp933 - 938
R. Alfaro-Sánchez, H. Nguyen, S. Klesse, A. Hudson, S. Belmecheri et al.

Climate variability and volcanic forcing both influenced the latitudinal migration of the tropical belt over the past 800?years, according to an analysis of tree-ring widths in the Northern Hemisphere.

Anthropogenic modification of vegetated landscapes in southern China from 6,000 years ago    pp939 - 943
Zhongjing Cheng, Chengyu Weng, Stephan Steinke & Mahyar Mohtadi

Human land use changed the evolution of vegetation in southern China 6,000 years ago, according to analyses of a high-resolution marine pollen record.

Rapid incision of the Mekong River in the middle Miocene linked to monsoonal precipitation    pp944 - 948
Junsheng Nie, Gregory Ruetenik, Kerry Gallagher, Gregory Hoke, Carmala N. Garzione et al.

Incision of the Mekong River that occurred after the uplift of the Tibetan Plateau may have been driven by a period of high monsoon precipitation, as suggested by age data from river bedrock samples and stream profile modelling.

Systemic swings in end-Permian climate from Siberian Traps carbon and sulfur outgassing    pp949 - 954
Benjamin A. Black, Ryan R. Neely, Jean-François Lamarque, Linda T. Elkins-Tanton, Jeffrey T. Kiehl et al.

Carbon and sulfur release from the Siberian Traps igneous province caused climate swings during the end-Permian mass extinction, according to coupled global climate simulations.

Deep embrittlement and complete rupture of the lithosphere during the Mw 8.2 Tehuantepec earthquake    pp955 - 960
Diego Melgar, Angel Ruiz-Angulo, Emmanuel Soliman Garcia, Marina Manea, Vlad. C. Manea et al.

Geophysical observations of the 2017 Tehuantepec earthquake suggest that oceanic lithosphere can sustain brittle behaviour and rupture in an earthquake at greater depths than previously assumed.

Basal continental mantle lithosphere displaced by flat-slab subduction    pp961 - 964
Gary J. Axen, Jolante W. van Wijk & Claire A. Currie

Continental mantle lithosphere is scraped from the base of the overriding plate by the underlying oceanic slab during flat subduction, according to numerical thermal–mechanical models.

Amendments & Corrections

Author Correction: Atmospheric mountain wave generation on Venus and its influence on the solid planet's rotation rate    p965
T. Navarro, G. Schubert & S. Lebonnois

Author Correction: A changeable day in the life of Venus    p965
James Tuttle Keane

Author Correction: Microbial life and biogeochemical cycling on land 3,220 million years ago    p965
Martin Homann, Pierre Sansjofre, Mark Van Zuilen, Christoph Heubeck, Jian Gong et al.

Author Correction: End-Permian extinction amplified by plume-induced release of recycled lithospheric volatiles    p966
Michael W. Broadley, Peter H. Barry, Chris J. Ballentine, Lawrence A. Taylor & Ray Burgess

Publisher Correction: Global-scale evidence for the refractory nature of riverine black carbon    p966
Alysha I. Coppola, Daniel B. Wiedemeier, Valier Galy, Negar Haghipour, Ulrich M. Hanke et al.

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