Friday, November 30, 2018

Nature Climate Change Contents: December 2018 Volume 8 Number 12

Nature Climate Change


December 2018 Volume 8, Issue 12

Research Highlights
News & Views
Review Articles

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The year that was    p1023

Saying thanks    p1023


Early oil industry knowledge of CO2 and global warming    pp1024 - 1025
Benjamin Franta

Antarctic ice losses tracking high    pp1025 - 1026
Thomas Slater & Andrew Shepherd


A new scenario resource for integrated 1.5 °C research    pp1027 - 1030
Daniel Huppmann, Joeri Rogelj, Elmar Kriegler, Volker Krey & Keywan Riahi

Five dimensions of climate science reductionism    pp1030 - 1032
Jonathan Rigg & Lisa Reyes Mason

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Research Highlights

Amazonian drying    p1033
Alastair Brown

Diesel boom, emissions bust    p1033
Adam Yeeles

Bleaching impacts    p1033
Bronwyn Wake

Beliefs about minority groups    p1033
Jenn Richler

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News & Views

Urban growth and climate adaptation    p1034
Lei Zhao

Local processes with a global reach    pp1035 - 1036
Patrick C. Taylor


Limiting fossil fuel production as the next big step in climate policy    pp1037 - 1043
Peter Erickson, Michael Lazarus & Georgia Piggot

Climate policy is heavily focused on reducing demand for fossil fuels, but supply-side polices represent a potentially powerful tool to reduce CO2 emissions. This Perspective uses the US state of California as a case study to explore the rationale and possible impacts of limiting oil production.

Antarctic surface hydrology and impacts on ice-sheet mass balance    pp1044 - 1052
Robin E. Bell, Alison F. Banwell, Luke D. Trusel & Jonathan Kingslake

With warming, meltwater will play an increasingly important role in driving ice loss from Antarctica, raising global sea levels. This Perspective discusses the key process through which Antarctic surface hydrology impacts mass balance.

Review Articles

The Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets under 1.5 °C global warming    pp1053 - 1061
Frank Pattyn, Catherine Ritz, Edward Hanna, Xylar Asay-Davis, Rob DeConto et al.

This Review synthesizes knowledge on projections of the Antarctic and Greenland ice sheets at 1.5 °C and 2 °C of warming, discussing possible nonlinear responses, and outlining the need for more insight into future atmospheric and oceanic forcings.

Broad threat to humanity from cumulative climate hazards intensified by greenhouse gas emissions    pp1062 - 1071
Camilo Mora, Daniele Spirandelli, Erik C. Franklin, John Lynham, Michael B. Kantar et al.

This Review examines the pathways through which humans are impacted by climate change and shows that by 2100 the world's population will be simultaneously exposed to at least three hazards, and in some locations as many as six, under an RCP 8.5 scenario.


An assessment of climate action by high-carbon global corporations    pp1072 - 1075
Simon Dietz, Charles Fruitiere, Carlota Garcia-Manas, William Irwin, Bruno Rauis et al.

Corporations are an important source of GHG emissions and an important climate-mitigation actor. An assessment of corporate climate action and systematic benchmarking against international targets is conducted for 138 companies in high-emitting sectors.

Polar amplification dominated by local forcing and feedbacks    pp1076 - 1081
Malte F. Stuecker, Cecilia M. Bitz, Kyle C. Armour, Cristian Proistosescu, Sarah M. Kang et al.

Model simulations with CO2 forcing prescribed in discrete geographical regions reveal that polar amplification arises primarily due to local lapse-rate feedback, with ice-albedo and Planck feedbacks playing subsidiary roles.

Toxic algal bloom induced by ocean acidification disrupts the pelagic food web    pp1082 - 1086
Ulf Riebesell, Nicole Aberle-Malzahn, Eric P. Achterberg, María Algueró-Muñiz, Santiago Alvarez-Fernandez et al.

Ocean acidification will result in biological winners and losers. A mesocosm experiment shows that a toxic algal species is a winner under ocean acidification, with implications for the marine food web and, more generally, ecosystem services.

Global predation pressure redistribution under future climate change    pp1087 - 1091
Gustavo Q. Romero, Thiago Gonçalves-Souza, Pavel Kratina, Nicholas A. C. Marino, William K. Petry et al.

A global experiment using model caterpillars shows that climate explains patterns of predation better than latitude or elevation alone. Predation pressure is found to be greater under higher temperatures and more stable climatic conditions.

Contrasting responses of autumn-leaf senescence to daytime and night-time warming    pp1092 - 1096
Chaoyang Wu, Xiaoyue Wang, Huanjiong Wang, Philippe Ciais, Josep Peñuelas et al.

Rising pre-season daytime and night-time temperatures have contrasting effects on the timing of autumn-leaf senescence date in the Northern Hemisphere. Diurnal differences in drought stress may be the underlying mechanism.


Diurnal interaction between urban expansion, climate change and adaptation in US cities    pp1097 - 1103
E. Scott Krayenhoff, Mohamed Moustaoui, Ashley M. Broadbent, Vishesh Gupta & Matei Georgescu

Urban expansion and climate change interact to produce less night-time warming than their sum. Combined implementation of adaptation strategies can offset projected daytime urban warming when applied with GHG emissions reductions, but cannot offset projected nocturnal warming.

Climate-driven thresholds in reactive mineral retention of soil carbon at the global scale    pp1104 - 1108
Marc G. Kramer & Oliver A. Chadwick

Reactive mineral retention of carbon accounts for 3–72% of organic carbon found in mineral soil. In many biomes, the size of this fraction is determined by modest shifts in effective moisture, suggesting high sensitivity to climate change.

Coastal wetland management as a contribution to the US National Greenhouse Gas Inventory    pp1109 - 1112
Stephen Crooks, Ariana E. Sutton-Grier, Tiffany G. Troxler, Nathaniel Herold, Blanca Bernal et al.

Managed coastal wetlands have been included for the first time in the US Greenhouse Gas Inventory. Intact vegetated coastal wetlands are shown to represent a net greenhouse gas sink, but these are being lost to development, despite robust regulation, causing emissions.

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