Thursday, August 30, 2018

Nature Climate Change Contents: September 2018 Volume 8 Number 9

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Nature Climate Change

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September 2018 Volume 8, Issue 9

Books & Arts
Research Highlights
News & Views
Review Articles
Amendments & Corrections


Scientific Reports Top 100 in Ecology This collection presents the top 100 most highly accessed ecology articles published in Scientific Reports in 2017. Access the collection >>>

KAUST Discovery Making data more accessible 

Statistician, Ying Sun, is focusing her research in creating new models and methods for processing large environmental datasets.

Learn more about her work at KAUST >>
Scientific Reports Editor's choice collection: Polar science Scientific Reports presents work by international teams working in the Polar Regions. The collection touches on pollution, climate change, atmospheric science and ecology from micro- to macro-scale. 
Access the collection >>>


Diversifying views    p753


Urban transformative potential in a changing climate    pp754 - 756
Patricia Romero-Lankao, Harriet Bulkeley, Mark Pelling, Sarah Burch, David J. Gordon et al.

Action pathways for transforming cities    pp756 - 759
Cynthia Rosenzweig & William Solecki

Limiting climate change requires research on climate action    pp759 - 761
Linda Steg

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Books & Arts

Eyeing the end of times    pp762 - 763
Michael Paolisso

Research Highlights

A stratospheric pathway    p764
Graham Simpkins

Warming impacts the ER    p764
Adam Yeeles

A corporate climate    p764
Jenn Richler

Reaching into danger    p764
Alastair Brown

Nature Climate Change
JOBS of the week
Tenure-track Assistant, Associate or Full Professor in Climate Change Institute at Brown for Environment and Society Brown University
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2018 International Symposium on Water Resources System and Operations (ISWRSO 2018)
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News & Views

Next-generation coastal risk models    pp765 - 766
Laurens M. Bouwer

Winds shift El Niño flavour    pp766 - 767
Sang-Wook Yeh

Review Articles

Re-examining tropical expansion    pp768 - 775
Paul W. Staten, Jian Lu, Kevin M. Grise, Sean M. Davis & Thomas Birner

Research suggests the tropics have widened in recent decades. This Review assesses the rates and drivers of observed and projected tropical expansion, surmising that it is too early to detect anthropogenic signals from natural variability.


Climatic and socioeconomic controls of future coastal flood risk in Europe    pp776 - 780
Michalis I. Vousdoukas, Lorenzo Mentaschi, Evangelos Voukouvalas, Alessandra Bianchi, Francesco Dottori et al.

Climate change is the main driver for future coastal flood risk in Europe. However, in the absence of increased flood protection, damages may rise by two to three orders of magnitude by the end of the century.

Increased human and economic losses from river flooding with anthropogenic warming    pp781 - 786
Francesco Dottori, Wojciech Szewczyk, Juan-Carlos Ciscar, Fang Zhao, Lorenzo Alfieri et al.

River floods have severe socio-economic impacts. A multi-model framework reveals river-flood-related human losses may rise by up to 83%, 134% and 265% at 1.5?°C, 2?°C and 3?°C warming, respectively, with economic losses also projected to rise.

Seasonally dependent responses of subtropical highs and tropical rainfall to anthropogenic warming    pp787 - 792
Fengfei Song, L. Ruby Leung, Jian Lu & Lu Dong

Multi-model simulations reveal subtropical highs exhibit a seasonal response to anthropogenic warming, strengthening more during April–June than July–September in the Northern Hemisphere, and resulting from a seasonal delay of monsoon rainfall.

Pacific contribution to the early twentieth-century warming in the Arctic    pp793 - 797
Lea Svendsen, Noel Keenlyside, Ingo Bethke, Yongqi Gao & Nour-Eddine Omrani

In the early twentieth century, the Arctic warmed faster than the global average. Pacific Ocean interdecadal variability, specifically wind-driven sea surface temperatures, drove the Arctic warming through enhanced heat transport.

Cross-equatorial winds control El Niño diversity and change    pp798 - 802
Shineng Hu & Alexey V. Fedorov

In recent years, El Niño sea surface temperature anomalies have weakened and shifted westward. Observational and model analyses reveal these changes can be related to a multidecadal strengthening of cross-equatorial winds, forced both locally and from the tropical Atlantic.

Detection of continental-scale intensification of hourly rainfall extremes    pp803 - 807
Selma B. Guerreiro, Hayley J. Fowler, Renaud Barbero, Seth Westra, Geert Lenderink et al.

Theory predicts that hourly rainfall extremes may increase with anthropogenic warming. Observations from Australia suggest changes two to three times above the Clausius–Clapeyron rate, above that expected from natural variability.

Projected increases and shifts in rain-on-snow flood risk over western North America    pp808 - 812
Keith N. Musselman, Flavio Lehner, Kyoko Ikeda, Martyn P. Clark, Andreas F. Prein et al.

Rain-on-snow events pose a significant flood risk. High-resolution model simulations reveal that such events will increase in frequency in the higher elevations of western North America, resulting in a 20–200% enhancement of flood risk.

Climate warming leads to divergent succession of grassland microbial communities    pp813 - 818
Xue Guo, Jiajie Feng, Zhou Shi, Xishu Zhou, Mengting Yuan et al.

Experimental warming at a tall-grass prairie significantly altered bacteria and fungi community structure. Under climate change microbial community composition and structure are projected to be less variable due to warming-driven selection.

Ecological winners and losers of extreme drought in California    pp819 - 824
Laura R. Prugh, Nicolas Deguines, Joshua B. Grinath, Katherine N. Suding, William T. Bean et al.

California's 2012–2015 drought is shown to have altered community structure (plants, arthropods, birds, reptiles and mammals), indirectly promoting the long-term persistence of rare species by stressing dominant ones.

Greening of the land surface in the world's cold regions consistent with recent warming    pp825 - 828
T. F. Keenan & W. J. Riley

The period 1982 to 2012 has seen a 16% decline in the area of vegetation limited by temperature. This rapid observed and expected decline in temperature limitation will facilitate further global greening subject to other limitations to growth in cold regions.


Strategies in and outcomes of climate change litigation in the United States    pp829 - 833
Sabrina McCormick, Robert L. Glicksman, Samuel J. Simmens, LeRoy Paddock, Daniel Kim et al.

Climate issues are increasingly being presented before the courts, with both pro- and anti-regulation litigants aiming to affect policy outcomes. Analysis of domestic US climate lawsuits and interview data reveals the type of case and the strategies that succeed.

Impact of anthropogenic CO2 emissions on global human nutrition    pp834 - 839
Matthew R. Smith & Samuel S. Myers

Elevated atmospheric CO2 (550?ppm) could cause an additional 175 million people to be zinc deficient and 122 million protein deficient (assuming 2050 population and CO2 projections) due to the reduced nutritional value of staple food crops.

Amendments & Corrections

Author Correction: Under-estimated wave contribution to coastal sea-level rise    p840
Angélique Melet, Benoit Meyssignac, Rafael Almar & Gonéri Le Cozannet

Author Correction: Biological responses to the press and pulse of climate trends and extreme events    p840
R. M. B. Harris, L. J. Beaumont, T. R. Vance, C. R. Tozer, T. A. Remenyi et al.

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