Tuesday, July 31, 2018

Nature Climate Change Contents: August 2018 Volume 8 Number 8

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August 2018 Volume 8, Issue 8

Books & Arts
Research Highlights
News & Views
Amendments & Corrections
2018 longlist - see the full line up

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How to pay the price for carbon    p647



Carbon prices across countries    pp648 - 650
Chris Bataille, Céline Guivarch, Stephane Hallegatte, Joeri Rogelj & Henri Waisman

The dangers of disaster-driven responses to climate change    pp651 - 653
Sarah E. Anderson, Ryan R. Bart, Maureen C. Kennedy, Andrew J. MacDonald, Max A. Moritz et al.

Sea-level commitment as a gauge for climate policy    pp653 - 655
Peter U. Clark, Alan C. Mix, Michael Eby, Anders Levermann, Joeri Rogelj et al.

Changing storminess and global capture fisheries    pp655 - 659
Nigel C. Sainsbury, Martin J. Genner, Geoffrey R. Saville, John K. Pinnegar, Clare K. O'Neill et al.

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Books & Arts


Peace, security and climate change    pp660 - 661
Ken Conca

Research Highlights


Bee-line for decline    p662
Alastair Brown

Air-conditioned health    p662
Adam Yeeles

Unprecedented Sahel drought    p662
Graham Simpkins

Regional heat uptake    p662
Bronwyn Wake

Nature Climate Change
JOBS of the week
Faculty Position in Geophysics and Geochemistry
Assistant Professor of Environmental Science (tenure-track)
American University
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NIEHS, National Institutes of Health (NIH)
Postdoctoral position (2 years) in photosynthesis research
Chemical Biological Centre (KBC) at Ume� University and Swedish University for Agricultural Sciences
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News & Views


From political to climate crisis    pp663 - 664
Otavio Cavalett

The atmospheric response to sea-ice loss    pp664 - 665
Yannick Peings

Waves of invasion    pp665 - 667
Nathan F. Putman

Prioritizing biodiversity and carbon    pp667 - 668
Kristina J. Anderson-Teixeira



Making carbon pricing work for citizens    pp669 - 677
David Klenert, Linus Mattauch, Emmanuel Combet, Ottmar Edenhofer, Cameron Hepburn et al.

Ambitious carbon pricing reform is needed to meet climate targets. This Perspective argues that effective revenue recycling schemes should prioritize behavioural considerations that are aimed at achieving greater political acceptance.


Appraising geodiversity and cultural diversity approaches to building resilience through conservation    pp678 - 685
Chris Knudson, Kelly Kay & Scott Fisher

This Perspective draws on two case studies to examine geodiversity and cultural diversity approaches to conservation currently used by US land trusts, and their complementary strengths and weaknesses in fostering climate resilience.


Current understanding and challenges for oceans in a higher-CO2 world    pp686 - 694
Catriona L. Hurd, Andrew Lenton, Bronte Tilbrook & Philip W. Boyd

Ocean acidification, a result of increased levels of CO2, impacts the marine environment and its biology. This Perspective presents the current understanding of the issue and highlights future directions for research.




The threat of political bargaining to climate mitigation in Brazil    pp695 - 698
Pedro R. R. Rochedo, Britaldo Soares-Filho, Roberto Schaeffer, Eduardo Viola, Alexandre Szklo et al.

Political bargaining has the potential to reverse Brazil's deforestation control efforts. Integrated assessment modelling shows that weaker environmental governance threatens the country's ability to achieve emissions consistent with a 2 °C goal.


Risk of increased food insecurity under stringent global climate change mitigation policy    pp699 - 703
Tomoko Hasegawa, Shinichiro Fujimori, Petr Havlík, Hugo Valin, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky et al.

Economy-wide GHG emissions reductions may negatively affect food security. Stringent mitigation policies, modelled as carbon prices, are shown to lead to an increase in production costs, food prices and the population's risk of hunger.


Antarctica's ecological isolation will be broken by storm-driven dispersal and warming    pp704 - 708
Ceridwen I. Fraser, Adele K. Morrison, Andrew McC Hogg, Erasmo C. Macaya, Erik van Sebille et al.

Genomic tools and ocean circulation models show that organisms surface-drift across the Southern Ocean frequently. The extreme cold therefore keeps Antarctica biologically isolated, but as the climate warms new species may establish quickly.


Ocean warming alleviates iron limitation of marine nitrogen fixation    pp709 - 712
Hai-Bo Jiang, Fei-Xue Fu, Sara Rivero-Calle, Naomi M. Levine, Sergio A. Sañudo-Wilhelmy et al.

The growth of nitrogen-fixing marine cyanobacteria Trichodesmium is limited by iron availability under current conditions. However warmer temperatures reduce the iron requirement, allowing greater growth rates and increased nitrogen fixation.


Extinction risk from climate change is reduced by microclimatic buffering    pp713 - 717
Andrew J. Suggitt, Robert J. Wilson, Nick J. B. Isaac, Colin M. Beale, Alistair G. Auffret et al.

Topographic variations result in microclimatic heterogeneity that can substantially reduce extinction risk from climate change, according to a study of 430 climate-threatened and range-declining species in England.


Threat of climate change on a songbird population through its impacts on breeding    pp718 - 722
Thomas W. Bonnot, W. Andrew Cox, Frank R. Thompson & Joshua J. Millspaugh

Individual and metapopulation models together project that—under an unabated climate change scenario—warming could reduce breeding productivity of a currently abundant songbird enough to pose a risk of quasi-extinction this century.




Higher temperatures increase suicide rates in the United States and Mexico    pp723 - 729
Marshall Burke, Felipe González, Patrick Baylis, Sam Heft-Neal, Ceren Baysan et al.

A 1 °C increase in monthly average temperature is associated with higher suicide rates in the United States and Mexico. Combined with comparable analysis of depressive language in US Twitter updates, these results suggest a link between higher temperatures and mental well-being.


Recent poleward shift of tropical cyclone formation linked to Hadley cell expansion    pp730 - 736
S. Sharmila & K. J. E. Walsh

It has been suggested that tropical cyclones have migrated polewards in recent decades. Analysis of observational and reanalysis data suggests that this migration may be linked to an expansion of the Hadley cell and the changes in vertical atmospheric stability.


Near-future CO2 levels impair the olfactory system of a marine fish    pp737 - 743
Cosima S. Porteus, Peter C. Hubbard, Tamsyn M. Uren Webster, Ronny van Aerle, Adelino V. M. Canário et al.

Marine fishes exposed to elevated CO2 levels can have altered responses to sensory cues. Research now reveals a physiological and molecular mechanism in the olfactory system that helps to explain this altered behaviour under elevated CO2.


Carbon-focused conservation may fail to protect the most biodiverse tropical forests    pp744 - 749
Joice Ferreira, Gareth D. Lennox, Toby A. Gardner, James R. Thomson, Erika Berenguer et al.

Biodiversity is positively associated with carbon density in highly disturbed tropical forests, but this relationship breaks down in relatively undisturbed areas. Consequently, carbon conservation schemes can fail to protect the most ecologically valuable forests.


Amendments & Corrections


Author Correction: Future climate risk from compound events    p750
Jakob Zscheischler, Seth Westra, Bart J. J. M. van den Hurk, Sonia I. Seneviratne, Philip J. Ward et al.

Author Correction: Species' traits influenced their response to recent climate change    p750
Michela Pacifici, Piero Visconti, Stuart H. M. Butchart, James E. M. Watson, Francesca M. Cassola et al.

Author Correction: Air quality co-benefits of carbon pricing in China    p750
Mingwei Li, Da Zhang, Chiao-Ting Li, Kathleen M. Mulvaney, Noelle E. Selin et al.

Publisher Correction: Climate change threatens the world's marine protected areas    p751
John F. Bruno, Amanda E. Bates, Chris Cacciapaglia, Elizabeth P. Pike, Steven C. Amstrup et al.

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