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Nature Reviews Microbiology contents January 2018 Volume 16 Number 1 pp 1-60

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January 2018 Volume 16 Number 1
Nature Reviews Microbiology cover
2016 2-year Impact Factor 26.819 Journal Metrics 2-year Median 18
In this issue
Research Highlights
News and Analysis
Also this month
Article series:
Microbial biofilms
 Featured article:
Prokaryotic Argonaute proteins: novel genome-editing tools?
Jorrit W. Hegge, Daan C. Swarts & John van der Oost


Recommend to library

Host response: Fungal safeguards in the gut
p1 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro.2017.155
This study reports that commensal enteric fungi provide protection against infection in local intestinal and non-intestinal systemic tissues and enhance systemic immunity.


Antimicrobials: Daylight robbery by Acinetobacter
p2 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro.2017.147
Bacterial predation by Acinetobacter baylyi increases the rate of horizontal gene transfer from Escherichia coli, which leads to the acquisition of antibiotic resistance genes from prey cells.


Microbiome: Precision engineering of gut metabolites
p2 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro.2017.159
This study identified a metabolic pathway in members of the gut microbiota, which uses aromatic amino acids to produce small molecules with systemic effects.




Viral pathogenesis: A small change makes a big difference | Host response: Suppressing gut feelings | Microbiome: Fusobacterium persistence in colorectal cancer | Bacterial Physiology: Touching base on bacterial surface sensing | Parasite development: The missing link to Plasmodium gametocytogenesis | Environmental microbiology: Around the globe in 2.2 billion sequences

The great escape
Eva Heinz

p4 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro.2017.156
This month's Genome Watch highlights how genomics has improved our understanding of how vaccines impact pathogen populations and their genomes.

Prokaryotic Argonaute proteins: novel genome-editing tools?
Jorrit W. Hegge, Daan C. Swarts & John van der Oost

p5 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro.2017.73
Prokaryotic Argonaute proteins, homologues of eukaryotic Argonaute proteins involved in RNA interference, have recently been demonstrated to mediate host defence in archaea and bacteria. In this Progress article, van der Oost and colleagues explore the structures and biological functions of the prokaryotic Argonaute proteins, and discuss their potential applications in genome editing.

Abstract | Full Text | PDF
Anti-CRISPR: discovery, mechanism and function
April Pawluk, Alan R. Davidson & Karen L. Maxwell

p12 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro.2017.120
CRISPR-Cas adaptive immune systems are widespread in prokaryotes. In this Progress article, Maxwell and colleagues highlight how phages and other mobile genetic elements inactivate CRISPR-Cas systems using anti-CRISPR proteins and outline evolutionary and biotechnological implications of anti-CRISPR protein activity.

Abstract | Full Text | PDF
Article series: Microbial biofilms
Development and regulation of single- and multi-species Candida albicans biofilms
Matthew B. Lohse, Megha Gulati, Alexander D. Johnson & Clarissa J. Nobile

p19 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro.2017.107
The ability of Candida albicans to form biofilms is a major cause of disseminated bloodstream infections. Here, Nobile and colleagues review our current understanding of the processes involved in the formation of C. albicans biofilms, the core transcriptional network that regulates biofilm development, and polymicrobial biofilms that are formed by C. albicans and certain bacterial species.
Abstract | Full Text | PDF | Supplementary information

Listeria monocytogenes: towards a complete picture of its physiology and pathogenesis
Lilliana Radoshevich & Pascale Cossart

p32 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro.2017.126
Listeria monocytogenes is a food-borne pathogen responsible for human listeriosis. In this Review, Radoshevich and Cossart discuss the most recent advances in L. monocytogenes physiology, biology and pathogenesis.
Abstract | Full Text | PDF

The evolution of seasonal influenza viruses
Velislava N. Petrova & Colin A. Russell

p47 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro.2017.118
Seasonal influenza viruses continue to cause epidemics each year. In this Review, Petrova and Russell discuss recent advances in understanding the molecular determinants of influenza virus immune escape, sources of evolutionary selection pressure, population dynamics of influenza viruses and prospects for better influenza virus control.
Abstract | Full Text | PDF

Erratum: The evolution of seasonal influenza viruses
Velislava N. Petrova & Colin A. Russell

p60 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro.2017.146
Full Text | PDF
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