Friday, December 1, 2017

Nature Geoscience contents: December 2017 Volume 10 Number 12

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December 2017 Volume 10, Issue 12

News & Views

npj Clean Water: open for submissions

An open access, online-only journal, dedicated to publishing high-quality papers that describe the significant and cutting-edge research that continues to ensure the supply of clean water to populations.

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Nature Outlook: Energy transitions 

Fossil fuels are on the way out, but slowly. Their exit has massive ramifications for many sectors and is causing ripples in both politics and society.

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npj Climate and Atmospheric Science: open for submissions 

An open access, online-only journal providing researchers, policy makers and the public with the latest research on weather and climate, publishing high-quality papers that focus on topics including climate dynamics, climate variability, weather and climate prediction, climate change, weather extremes, atmospheric composition including aerosols, the hydrological cycle and atmosphere-ocean interactions.

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npj Microgravity is a new open access journal specifically dedicated to publishing research which enables space exploration and research that is enabled by spaceflight and ground-based spaceflight analogues. npj Microgravity is published in cooperation the Biodesign Institute at Arizona State University, and is part of the Nature Partner Journals series.
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Carbon from the continents    p877



Unfeasible subduction?    pp878 - 879
Douwe J. J. van Hinsbergen, Peter C. Lippert & Wentao Huang

Reply to 'Unfeasible subduction?'    pp879 - 880
David Rowley & Miquela Ingalls



Define limits for temperature overshoot targets    pp881 - 882
Oliver Geden & Andreas Löschel

News & Views


Tracking pollutant emissions    pp883 - 884
Drew R. Gentner & Fulizi Xiong

Zircons reveal ancient perturbations    pp884 - 886
N. Ryan McKenzie

Carbon at continental rifts    p886
James Tuttle Keane

Ordovician oxygen and biodiversity    pp887 - 888
Alycia L. Stigall

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Rediscovery of the doldrums in storm-resolving simulations over the tropical Atlantic    pp891 - 896
Daniel Klocke, Matthias Brueck, Cathy Hohenegger & Bjorn Stevens

Storm-resolving simulations of the tropical Atlantic region bring out the doldrums, a zone of calm and variable winds in the deep tropics that was described in the nineteenth century and then forgotten.


An essential role for continental rifts and lithosphere in the deep carbon cycle    pp897 - 902
Stephen F. Foley & Tobias P. Fischer

Continental rifts are stores and sources of abundant carbon, according to calculations of carbon storage, enrichments and mobilization in rift systems. Continental rift systems are likely to play an important role in Earth's deep carbon cycle.


Granular flows at recurring slope lineae on Mars indicate a limited role for liquid water    pp903 - 907
Colin M. Dundas, Alfred S. McEwen, Matthew Chojnacki, Moses P. Milazzo, Shane Byrne et al.

Recurring slope lineae are likely to be dry granular flows with little-to-no requirement for large volumes of liquid water on Mars, according to an emerging view that is supported by topographic analyses.


Nature Outlook: Climate Change 

Discover how scientists that are tired of inaction on climate change are seeking technical and political solutions to a truly global problem.

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Enhanced poleward propagation of storms under climate change    pp908 - 913
Talia Tamarin-Brodsky & Yohai Kaspi

Storms are not only generated at higher latitudes, they also travel further in a warmer climate, according to analyses of climate model output with a storm-tracking algorithm. The larger travel distance is attributed to stronger upper-level winds and increased atmospheric water vapour.


Lower vehicular primary emissions of NO2 in Europe than assumed in policy projections    pp914 - 918
Stuart K. Grange, Alastair C. Lewis, Sarah J. Moller & David C. Carslaw

The fraction of NO2 in NO x emitted from European road transport is up to a factor of two smaller than used in policy projections, suggests an analysis of 130 million roadside observations. Roadside air quality standards may thus be obtained faster.


Increased food production and reduced water use through optimized crop distribution    pp919 - 924
Kyle Frankel Davis, Maria Cristina Rulli, Antonio Seveso & Paolo D'Odorico

The current distribution of crops around the world neither attains maximum production nor minimum water use, according to a crop water model and yield data. An optimized crop distribution could feed an additional 825 million people and substantially reduce water use.


Oxygenation as a driver of the Great Ordovician Biodiversification Event    pp925 - 929
Cole T. Edwards, Matthew R. Saltzman, Dana L. Royer & David A. Fike

An increase in biodiversity 450 million years ago coincided with a rise in atmospheric oxygen concentrations, suggests a geochemical analysis. Oxygen availability may have thus helped spur the radiation alongside climatic cooling.


Evidence for a spike in mantle carbon outgassing during the Ediacaran period    pp930 - 934


A spike of carbon-rich volcanism during the Ediacaran period identified in detrital zircon data may reflect a reorganization of the Neoproterozoic deep carbon cycle.


Past seismic slip-to-the-trench recorded in Central America megathrust    pp935 - 940
Paola Vannucchi, Elena Spagnuolo, Stefano Aretusini, Giulio Di Toro, Kohtaro Ujiie et al.

Past megathrust earthquakes in the Costa Rica subduction zone have slipped all the way up to the seafloor, according to analyses of core and seismic data. This shallow slip was accommodated by layers of weak biogenic ooze.


Potential links between continental rifting, CO2 degassing and climate change through time    pp941 - 946
Sascha Brune, Simon E. Williams & R. Dietmar Müller

Degassing of large amounts of CO2 from continental rifts may have contributed to greenhouse climate episodes over the past 200 million years, according to numerical models.


A role for subducted super-hydrated kaolinite in Earth's deep water cycle    pp947 - 953
Huijeong Hwang, Donghoon Seoung, Yongjae Lee, Zhenxian Liu, Hanns-Peter Liermann et al.

A super-hydrated clay mineral may play an important role in the solid Earth's water cycle, according to laboratory experiments. The mineral kaolinite can carry and release large amounts of water during subduction.


Links between sediment consolidation and Cascadia megathrust slip behaviour    pp954 - 959


Consolidated sediments in the Cascadia subduction zone may create conditions favourable for megathrust earthquake ruptures over long distances and close to the trench, according to analyses of seismic velocity of sediments from the region. Less-consolidated sediments instead may promote aseismic slip of the plate boundary.


Fossil intermediate-depth earthquakes in subducting slabs linked to differential stress release    pp960 - 966
Marco Scambelluri, Giorgio Pennacchioni, Mattia Gilio, Michel Bestmann, Oliver Plümper et al.

Seismic activity within subducted slabs could be caused by differential stress release, according to analysis of fossilized remnants of earthquake slip in an exhumed slab. These deep earthquakes were previously thought to mark either slab dehydration, or thermal runaway processes .



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