Friday, June 2, 2017

Science X Newsletter Friday, Jun 2

Dear Reader ,

Here is your customized Science X Newsletter for June 2, 2017:

Spotlight Stories Headlines

Researchers investigate decision-making by physical phenomena

Chinese team develops skin-like triboelectric nanogenerator

Lightning strike postpones SpaceX launch until Saturday

Researcher's 'miracle material' discovery could end cracked smart devices

Chemical cocktail found in Barrier Reef turtles

U.S. now can ask travelers for Facebook, Twitter handles

Bone loss is another hidden pathology caused by malaria infection

Gene therapy could 'turn off' severe allergies

Plasmonics could bring sustainable society, desalination tech

Scientists directly observe light-to-energy transfer in new solar cell materials

First-ever look at DNA opening reveals initial stage of reading the genetic code

Where ocean meets sky—new NASA radar gets a tryout

Research identifies methods to protect against online privacy attacks

Experts predict when AI will surpass humans in all tasks

Is it time to assess the ethical impact of real cyborgs on modern society?

Astronomy & Space news

Lightning strike postpones SpaceX launch until Saturday

A lightning strike near Cape Canaveral forced SpaceX to delay until Saturday its first-ever cargo delivery to the astronauts living in orbit using a vessel that has already flown to space once before, NASA said Thursday.

Astronauts return after marathon ISS mission (Update)

A Soyuz MS-03 spacecraft carrying French astronaut Thomas Pesquet and Russian cosmonaut Oleg Novitskiy landed on the Kazakh steppe Friday, ending their marathon 196-day mission to the International Space Station.

Citizen scientists uncover a cold new world near sun

A new citizen-science tool released earlier this year to help astronomers pinpoint new worlds lurking in the outer reaches of our solar system has already led to a discovery: a brown dwarf a little more than 100 light years away from the Sun. Just six days after the launch of the Backyard Worlds: Planet 9 website in February, four different users alerted the science team to the curious object, whose presence has since been confirmed via an infrared telescope. Details were recently published in the Astrophysical Journal Letters.

Hubble 'traps' a vermin galaxy

The NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope is famous for its jaw-dropping snapshots of the cosmos. At first glance this Picture of the Week appears to be quite the opposite, showing just a blur of jagged spikes, speckled noise, and weird, clashing colors—but once you know what you are looking at, images like this one are no less breathtaking.

Astronauts set to return after marathon ISS mission

French astronaut Thomas Pesquet is due to return to Earth on Friday after a marathon 196-day trip that will fall just shy of a record space mission for a European.

The heat is on for Sentinel-3B

While the Copernicus Sentinel-3A satellite is in orbit delivering a wealth of information about our home planet, engineers are putting its twin, Sentinel-3B, through a series of vigorous tests before it is shipped to the launch site next year.

Improving the prediction model of Spanish power grid's vulnerability in solar storms

In September 1859, a large solar flare caused the most violent geomagnetic storm ever recorded. The Carrington Event was so powerful that it destroyed the telegraph systems of that time. Today, satellites, electric lines, transportation systems,and communications and positioning systems are threatened by the impact of such large-scale geomagnetic storms.

Are aliens communicating with neutrino beams?

It is no easy thing to search for signs of intelligent life beyond our solar system. In addition to the incredible distances involved and the fact that we really only have indirect methods at our disposal, there is also the small problem of not knowing exactly what to look for. If intelligent life does exist beyond our solar system, would they even communicate as we do, using radio transmitters and similar forms of technology?

Astronauts return after marathon ISS mission

The Soyuz MS-03 spacecraft carrying astronaut Thomas Pesquet undocked from the International Space Station on Friday, marking the beginning of the Frenchman's journey back to Earth after 196 days in orbit.

Virgin Galactic conducts 9th unpowered test flight

Virgin Galactic has conducted another unpowered test flight of its space tourism spacecraft over the Southern California desert.

Image: Eleventh SpaceX commercial resupply mission to space station set for launch

The SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket, with the Dragon spacecraft onboard, is seen shortly after being raised vertical at Launch Complex 39A at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Florida, Thursday, June 1, 2017. Liftoff is scheduled for 5:55 p.m EDT.

Technology news

U.S. now can ask travelers for Facebook, Twitter handles

Travelers wishing to visit the United States can now be asked for their social media handles and email addresses going back five years, a new U.S. government request that's alarmed privacy advocates but which the Trump Administration says could help weed out travelers who intend harm.

Research identifies methods to protect against online privacy attacks

When Congress voted in March to reverse rules intended to protect Internet users' privacy, many people began looking for ways to keep their online activity private. One of the most popular and effective is Tor, a software system millions of people use to protect their anonymity online.

Experts predict when AI will surpass humans in all tasks

(Tech Xplore)—Big questions about humanity's future also merit a side question over humanity's future alongside machines.

Is it time to assess the ethical impact of real cyborgs on modern society?

(Tech Xplore)—A trio of authors involved in writing about or researching robot and cyborg technology has published an editorial piece in the journal Science Robotics raising the question of whether it is time to start discussing the ethical impact of rehabilitation technology on society. In their paper, editor of Science Robotics Guang-Zhong Yang, Robert Riener with ETH Zurich and Paoplo Dario, director of the BioRobotics Institute and a professor of Biomedical Engineering at the Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna in Italy, offer their opinions on the matter.

Google moves to block 'annoying' ads in browser

Google is working to block "annoying" ads in its Chrome browser, part of a broader effort by industry players to filter out certain types of marketing messages that draw complaints.

Catching the IMSI-catchers: SeaGlass brings transparency to cell phone surveillance

Modern cell phones are vulnerable to attacks from rogue cellular transmitters called IMSI-catchers—surveillance devices that can precisely locate mobile phones, eavesdrop on conversations or send spam.

Hackers break into centralized password manager OneLogin

Hackers have gained access to OneLogin, an online password manager that offers a single sign-on to multiple websites and services.

Review: Prepare for the crash: Synology box keeps your data safe

Synology might not be a company you've heard much about. The technology firm makes network attached storage appliances that can make your computing life easier and safer.

Lyft's first diversity report shows it's mostly white and male

Lyft's first diversity report, published Thursday, came with few surprises: The ride-hailing company's workforce - excluding its drivers, who are independent contractors and whose data was not tallied - is predominantly white and male.

India's mobile internet use increases ninefold

Mobile internet usage in India has increased ninefold in a single year, after the launch of a new operator sparked a telecoms price war, according to a new report.

Advances in Bayesian methods for big data

In the Big Data era, many scientific and engineering domains are producing massive data streams, with petabyte and exabyte scales becoming increasingly common. Besides the explosive growth in volume, Big Data also has high velocity, high variety, and high uncertainty. These complex data streams require ever-increasing processing speeds, economical storage, and timely response for decision making in highly uncertain environments, and have raised various challenges to conventional data analysis.

Artificial transpiration for solar water purification

Recently, solar steam and vapor generation has attracted attention as a promising prospect in desalination, sterilization and chemical purification. Tremendous progress has been achieved in absorber designs and thermal management. However, in all the previous designs, because of the minimized optical loss and heat conduction loss, losses related to convection and conduction start to dominate. Therefore, it becomes critical to simultaneously minimize the losses related to radiation, convection and conduction simultaneously in order to achieve optimum solar steam performance and enable widespread applications.

How can we better protect crowds from terrorism?

If it seems like every week, there's another terrorist attack – well, you're not wrong. According to one crowdsourcing map, there have been over 500 attacks around the world since the start of 2017, with over 3,500 fatalities. For a period in 2016, ISIS-initiated attacks were occurring, on average, every 84 hours.

3-D models of faces developed by researchers could help in reconstruction surgery

Researchers are scanning 6,000 volunteers for a project that aims to create 3-D computer face models for reconstructive surgery.

Snapchat's 'Spectacles' go on sale in Europe

Snap, parent company of the mobile application Snapchat, said Friday that its Spectacles sunglasses, which have built-in cameras, have gone on sale in Europe.

North Korea, cyberattacks and 'Lazarus': What we really know

With the dust now settling after "WannaCry", the biggest ransomware attack in history, cybersecurity experts are taking a deep dive into how it was carried out, what can be done to protect computers from future breaches and, trickiest of all, who is really to blame.

Waymo turning tech talent to self-driving trucks

Alphabet-owned Waymo is putting its autonomous driving expertise to work in trucking, in a new track for the unit formerly known as Google Car.

Walmart touts traditional retailing roots as an advantage

Walmart CEO Doug McMillon is touting the company's traditional retailing roots as a competitive advantage as it seeks to take sales away from online giant Amazon at a time of industry upheaval.

Medicine & Health news

Bone loss is another hidden pathology caused by malaria infection

Malaria caused by Plasmodium parasites is a life-threatening infectious disease that kills at least half a million people annually while causing over 200 million new infections. In some cases, complications can quickly develop such as cerebral malaria, respiratory distress and severe anemia, often leading to death. The majority of patients recover from disease, however, there is increasing evidence to suggest that survivors experience long-term 'hidden' pathologies due to infection that are as yet poorly defined.

Gene therapy could 'turn off' severe allergies

A single treatment giving life-long protection from severe allergies such as asthma could be made possible by immunology research at The University of Queensland.

How killer cells take out tumors

The use of immunotherapy to treat cancer is celebrating its first successes – but there are still many knowledge gaps in the underlying mechanisms of action. In a study of mice with soft tissue tumors, ETH researchers have now shown how endogenous killer cells track down the tumors with the help of dormant viruses.

Facial expressions can cause us problems in telling unfamiliar faces apart

Using hundreds of faces of actors from movies, psychologists from the University of Bristol have shown how facial expressions can get in the way of our ability to tell unfamiliar faces apart.

Studies of epilepsy patients uncover clues to how the brain remembers

In a pair of studies, scientists at the National Institutes of Health explored how the human brain stores and retrieves memories. One study suggests that the brain etches each memory into unique firing patterns of individual neurons. Meanwhile, the second study suggests that the brain replays memories faster than they are stored.

Mice will help reveal the roles of human brown fat

When it gets cold around you, your body turns up the heat to maintain its normal temperature. The heat is produced by brown adipose tissue, or brown fat, which also plays a role in how the body uses glucose and fat. However, scientists do not completely understand how brown fat carries out its functions both in health and disease, in part because of the lack of an appropriate animal model. In a paper published in the Journal of Clinical Investigation Insight, a team of researchers from several institutions, including Baylor College of Medicine, has filled this gap with the discovery that mice also have brown fat deposits similar to the largest depot found in people. The discovery opens the door to research that might lead to new ways of using brown fat to treat metabolic conditions such as obesity and type 2 diabetes in the future.

Follistatin is a key player in embryo implantation

Looking to improve the success rate of assisted reproductive technologies, researchers at Baylor College of Medicine investigated in more detail the mechanism involved in successful embryo implantation, an essential component of female fertility. They discovered that the protein follistatin plays a key role in establishing receptivity of the uterus to embryo implantation in an animal model. The results, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, contribute to the understanding of embryo implantation and provide an animal model in which to study human embryo implantation failure.

Combination therapy targets genetic mutation found in many cancers

A study at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center has shown promise for effective treatment of therapy-resistant cancers caused by a mutation of the RAS gene found in many cancers. The pre-clinical study combined therapies targeting the inhibitors polyADP ribose polymerase (PARP) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MEK). The findings were published this week in Science Translational Medicine.

Folate supplement and childhood leukaemia review urges more research into impact of maternal diet

Folic acid supplements taken by mothers before and during pregnancy appear to be beneficial in protecting against the risk of childhood leukaemia in offspring, a new review of existing evidence concludes.

Populist radical right a threat to core values of medicine and public health

The populist radical right is a threat to core values of medicine and public health, even within a functioning democratic system, according to a commentary published today by the Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine. In his paper, political scientist Professor Scott Greer, who specialises in researching the politics of health policies of the European Union, attempts to explain what the rising tide of the right in Europe and the United States will mean for medicine and public health.

Creative dance can increase social skills in children with autism spectrum disorder

Researchers at the University of Utah have found the use of creative dance helps increase social play skills in children with autism spectrum disorder.

Social laughter releases endorphins in the brain

Recent results obtained by researchers from Turku PET Centre, the University of Oxford and Aalto University have revealed how social laughter leads to endorphin release in the brain, possibly promoting establishment of social bonds. The more opioid receptors participants had in their brains, the more they laughed during the experiment. Social laughter leads to pleasurable feelings and significantly increased release of endorphins and other opioid peptides in the brain areas controlling arousal and emotions.

Psychologists examine how culture can guide giving

How can culture influence giving? Some scholars have argued that people are more likely to share with others who are similar in terms of race or sex, but the evidence for this is mixed.

Mice headed for space to test bone-building drug

What do space travel, rodents and a bone-building protein all have in common? A team of UCLA scientists is bringing these three elements together to test an experimental drug that could one day result in a treatment for osteoporosis, which affects more than 200 million people worldwide.

As scientists train the immune system to fight cancer, others look to combat costs

Poison, radiation or surgery. For decades now, these have been the only weapons available in the war against cancer. But everyone who has known cancer up close – patients, their loved ones and physicians – has longed for a better way.

Researchers continue to seek strategy for starving brain tumors

In an effort to starve brain cancer cells and put the brakes on tumor development, University of North Carolina Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center researchers blocked the main pathway that brain tumor cells use to convert sugar into energy. They hoped this would starve tumor cells and slow their growth. To their surprise, however, the strategy actually accelerated growth in laboratory models of medulloblastoma.

Combined strategies better assess heart disease risks

A new strategy combining five separate medical tests provided a significantly better risk assessment of cardiovascular disease among adults, compared to traditional measures, according to a study published in Circulation.

Study reveals relationship between how kids spend their time and their quality of life

We all know that balance is vital for a healthy diet, but a new study suggests balance in how you spend your time is also key to a healthy life and sense of wellbeing – for children as well as adults.

Short, high-intensity exercise sessions improve insulin production in type 2 diabetes

A new study finds that short, functional-movement and resistance training workouts, called functional high-intensity training (F-HIT), may improve beta-cell function in adults with type 2 diabetes. Beta cells in the pancreas produce, store and secrete insulin, which allows your body to use sugar for energy. The small study is the first one of its kind to analyze beta-cell function in F-HIT or resistance training. The article is published ahead of print in the American Journal of Physiology—Endocrinology and Metabolism.

Developing safe level guidelines for bioactives

The good news is out that wine and dark chocolate may be good for your health. That's because of substances known as bioactives that are contained in those foods.

Cheaper cigarettes, roll-your-own tobacco are perpetuating a public health threat

Yesterday morning, Australia's tobacco industry woke to the latest chapter in the book documenting its inexorable decline.

Health Check—is it safe to express milk before giving birth?

Late in their pregnancies, some women notice colostrum (early milk) leaking from their nipples.

How our environment can induce allergies even before we're born

Is this the worst Northern Hemisphere allergy season yet? For many people – both those who've suffered before and newcomers to the annual sniffling, coughing mess that accompanies springtime – it seems like there are more allergens and allergies today than ever before.

Recovery-oriented cognitive therapy shows lasting benefits for people with schizophrenia

Recovery-oriented cognitive therapy can lead to lasting improvement among individuals with schizophrenia, even among those with the most chronic illness, according to a study out today. While those with more chronic illness took longer to show benefits, they did improve and start to succeed at achieving their goals, according to research published online in Psychiatric Services in Advance.

Youth's use of technology drives home need for evolution in distracted walking, bicycling and driving policies

With more young people using smartphones and other technology than ever before, a new study from the University of Alabama at Birmingham helps to underscore the importance of continued work toward developing policies and interventions to reduce distracted behaviors.

Olive oil nutrient may help prevent brain cancer

A compound found in olive oil may help to prevent cancer developing in the brain, a study shows.

Italy has introduced mandatory vaccinations – other countries should follow its lead

In the first four months of this year, around 1,500 cases of measles were reported in Italy. As a response to the outbreak, the Italian government introduced a law making 12 vaccinations mandatory for preschool and school-age children.

Researchers suggest that neighboring tissues can send signals inducing tumorigenesis

Current view is that cancer development is initiated from cells that acquire initial DNA mutations. These in turn provoke additional defects, and ultimately the affected cells begin to proliferate in an uncontrolled manner to develop primary tumors. These can later spread and create metastases, or secondary tumors, in other parts of the body. However, according to a study by researchers at the University of Freiburg, stem cells resulting in metastasizing tumors may also be induced from neighboring tissues, and do not necessarily require initial DNA damage in the affected cells themselves.

Dairy products a good dietary source of some types of vitamin K

Vitamin K, with its multiple forms, is among the lesser known nutrients. Now, new research from scientists at the Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging (USDA HNRCA) at Tufts University sheds new light on the vitamin and its significant presence in some dairy products available in the United States.

Study of kids with autism identifies hospitalization risk factors

Children or teens with autism spectrum disorders often come to hospitals when behavioral episodes overwhelm the support that caregivers can provide at home—but resources at hospitals are sometimes limited, too, says clinical psychologist and researcher Giulia Righi. With that reality in mind, Righi led a new study to identify which factors put young people with autism at especially high risk of seeking inpatient psychiatric care.

Immune responses from early study of novel sarcoma vaccine

The critical component of an experimental vaccine led to an escalating immune response in patients with sarcoma, an indicator of its potential anti-cancer effects.

Lentils: the forgotten legumes

(HealthDay)—Lentils may be the least well known members of the legume family.

'Making the best of it': Families face the heavy burden of Alzheimer's

(HealthDay)—For Marilyn and Tom Oestreicher, their golden years were within reach.

Zika's set to return to mainland U.S., but budget cuts threaten response

(HealthDay)—The Zika virus will strike the continental United States again this summer, and looming federal budget cuts will make it hard for local officials to curb its spread, public health experts said Wednesday.

Compression tights won't trim running times

(HealthDay)—If you're an avid runner and you think compression tights might shave a few seconds off your time, a new study begs to differ.

Medication adherence up with refill synchronization model

(HealthDay)—An appointment-based model (ABM) which synchronizes medication refills to improve medication adherence is associated with improvement in medication-taking behavior, according to a review published online May 8 in the Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics.

Excess weight increases costs across health care settings

(HealthDay)—Excess weight is associated with increased costs across health care settings, with the highest percentage increases seen in costs for medications, according to research published online May 22 in Obesity Reviews.

Fertility preservation for children with differences of sex development

Children with differences of sex development (DSD) are born with reproductive organs that are not typically male or female. They may face infertility from abnormal development of testes or ovaries, and in some patients these organs are surgically removed to prevent an increased risk of germ cell cancer. With advancing techniques, however, children with DSD may be able to preserve their fertility for the future. This potential also presents important ethical issues, which are examined in an article published in the Journal of the Endocrine Society.

Recreational running benefits hip and knee joint health

Recreational runners are less likely to experience knee and hip osteoarthritis compared to sedentary individuals and competitive runners, according to a new study published in the June issue of the Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy (JOSPT).

Genetic sequencing could influence treatment for nearly 3/4 of advanced cancer patients

A new analysis finds that nearly three-quarters of 500 patients with advanced cancer could be referred to a potential targeted treatment based on the results of a comprehensive analysis of their tumor's genetic landscape.

STD treatment for two? Study shows patient value, cost savings

In some states, patients who test positive for chlamydia or gonorrhea leave the clinic with not only a prescription for themselves, but also one for their sexual partner—who was not seen by a doctor.

Patients nearing end of life receptive to having cholesterol medicine 'deprescribed'

New research suggests patients nearing the end of their lives because of a "life-limiting illness" such as cancer or heart disease may not feel medically abandoned if their doctor wants to take them off the statins that control their cholesterol.

Timing meals later at night can cause weight gain and impair fat metabolism

New findings suggest eating late at night could be more dangerous than you think. Compared to eating earlier in the day, prolonged delayed eating can increase weight, insulin and cholesterol levels, and negatively affect fat metabolism, and hormonal markers implicated in heart disease, diabetes and other health problems, according to results from researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.

Low-dose THC can relieve stress; more does just the opposite

Cannabis smokers often report that they use the drug to relax or relieve stress, but few studies provide clinical evidence of these effects.

Specific long-term therapy may not prevent fractures in older women

Osteoporosis is a disease that causes thinning of the bones, loss of bone density, and increasingly fragile bones. This puts people at higher risk for bone fractures. Risk for the disease increases as we age. In fact, 50% of women over the age of 50 will experience a bone facture due to osteoporosis.

For older adults, antibiotics may not be appropriate treatment for some UTIs

In a new research paper published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, Thomas E. Finucane, MD, of the Johns Hopkins Geriatrics Center at Johns Hopkins in Baltimore, suggests that prescribing antibiotics for urinary tract infections (or "UTIs") may often be avoided among older adults.

One in three hospitalized patients experience symptoms of depression, study shows

About one in three hospitalized patients shows symptoms of depression, potentially affecting their clinical outcomes, a new Cedars-Sinai study has found.

Are soft contact lenses safe for children? Risks seem no higher than in adults

Available evidence suggests that soft contact lenses can be safely prescribed to children and adolescents, with no increase in adverse effects compared to adults, according to a review in the June issue of Optometry and Vision Science, the official journal of the American Academy of Optometry.

'Tragic' measles vaccine blunders kill 15 children in S. Sudan

Fifteen children died in South Sudan after receiving contaminated measles vaccines that had not been properly refrigerated, and were mixed using the same syringe for four days.

Surrogacy—the impossible dream of a fair trade baby

While western couples get their longed-for child, Indian surrogate mothers are left with a feeling of having sacrificed more than they have gained. Surrogacy can never become a win-win situation, according to anthropologist Kristin Engh Førde.

Secukinumab and ixekizumab in psoriasis: Considerable added benefit for certain patients

Psoriasis is an incurable chronic disease with a hereditary component, in which the body's immune system attacks parts of the skin. This leads to scaly red patches, which can be very itchy. About two million people in Germany have psoriasis, and 400 000 of them have a moderate to severe form of the disease.

Recommendations to optimize continuous glucose monitoring in diabetes clinical research

The advantages of continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) for obtaining real-time blood glucose measurements and its ability to detect and even predict hypo- and hyperglycemic events make it a very useful tool for evaluating experimental glucose-lowering drugs and new approaches for treating diabetes. The current challenges for using CGM in clinical research and specific recommendations for how to optimize the use of CGM and the data collected in clinical trials are explored in an article in Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics (DTT).

Frozen tuna recalled after testing showed hepatitis A virus

Some imported frozen tuna cubes and steaks are being recalled after testing showed they could be contaminated with the hepatitis A virus.

Biology news

First-ever look at DNA opening reveals initial stage of reading the genetic code

Scientists have watched a cell's genetic machinery in the first stages of 'reading' genes, giving a potential way to stop the process in bacteria.

Life on terra firma began with an invasion

Scientists are now confident animal life on solid ground started with a few short bursts of marine creatures making the leap from the oceans.

Scientists launch global agenda to curb social, human rights abuses in seafood sector

As the United Nations Oceans Conference convenes in New York, a new paper calls on marine scientists to focus on social issues such as human rights violations in the seafood industry.

The part of rice we don't eat may be highly nutritious

Rice bran, the outer covering of the rice grain, has high nutritional value and is a rich source of proteins, fats, minerals and micronutrients such as B vitamins, according to a study published in the open access journal Rice. Researchers at Colorado State University suggest that rice bran, which is removed from whole grain rice during processing and used as animal feed, could have benefits for human health and nutrition.

Commercializing structural biology knowledge can save money and speed drug discovery

HarkerBIO is a "shining star" in the growing biotech ecosystem taking shape on the Buffalo Niagara Medical Campus. The small structural biology company determines 3-D structures of proteins for drug and biotech companies.

New approach to antibiotic therapy is a dead end for pathogens

The World Health Organization WHO is currently warning of an antibiotics crisis. The fear is that we are moving into a post-antibiotic era, during which simple bacterial infections would no longer be treatable. According to WHO forecasts, antibiotic-resistant pathogens could become the most frequent cause of unnatural deaths within just a few years. This dramatic threat to public health is due to the rapid evolution of resistance to antibiotics, which continues to reduce the spectrum of effective antibacterial drugs. We urgently need new treatments. In addition to developing new antibiotic drugs, a key strategy is to boost the effectiveness of existing antibiotics by new therapeutic approaches.

Bacteria used as factories to produce cancer drugs

Researchers at the Novo Nordisk Foundation Center for Biosustainability in Denmark have developed a method of producing P450 enzymes used by plants to defend against predators and microbes in bacterial cell factories. The process could facilitate the production of large quantities of the enzymes, which are also involved in the biosynthesis of active ingredients of cancer drugs.

Red light has no effect on bat activity: Less disruption by changing artificial color

Artificial light at night can have a disruptive effect on bats, but not if the light is red. Switching to red light may therefore limit or prevent habitat loss for rare, light-shy bat species. The latest issue of Proceedings of the Royal Society B publishes results from five years of pioneering research led by the Netherlands Institute of Ecology (NIOO-KNAW).

Identify and manage raspberry, blackberry pests with new industry reference

Raspberries and blackberries are favorites among consumers—but unfortunately also favorites for plant diseases, bugs, and other pests.

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