Tuesday, June 13, 2017

Nature Reviews Microbiology contents July 2017 Volume 15 Number 7 pp 381-447

Nature Reviews Microbiology

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Next-generation approaches to understand and combat the antibiotic resistome
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Viral evolution: Zika is on point to increase spread
p381 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro.2017.62
This study suggests that the valine residue at position 188 of NS1 has a crucial role in antigenaemia, which is essential for the transmission of Zika virus from mammalian hosts to mosquitoes.


Bacterial pathogenesis: Campylobacter follows the clues
p382 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro.2017.63
Luethy et al. show that metabolites produced by the gut microbiota can modulate the expression of Campylobacter jejuni determinants that are required for growth, commensalism and virulence.


Bacterial evolution: The origins of pathogenic enterococci
p382 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro.2017.65
This study investigates the origins of multidrug-resistant pathogenic enterococci.


Bacterial physiology: An inside job on metabolism
p383 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro.2017.68
Two new studies reveal how Mycobacterium tuberculosis adapts to environmental stresses that are associated with an intracellular lifestyle.



Parasite biology: New insights into Plasmodium hepatocyte entry | Viral evolution: Phage infection strategies | Fungal physiology: Acidic pH interferes with Candida persistence

Genome watch: Klebsiella pneumoniae: when a colonizer turns bad
Matthew J. Dorman & Francesca L. Short
p384 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro.2017.64
This month's Genome Watch highlights how whole-genome sequencing (WGS) and epidemiological studies can be combined to explore the link between colonization and infection by Klebsiella pneumoniae in patients who are hospitalised.

Oxidative stress, protein damage and repair in bacteria
Benjamin Ezraty, Alexandra Gennaris, Frédéric Barras & Jean-François Collet
p385 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro.2017.26
Oxidative damage can have a devastating effect on the structure and activity of proteins, leading to cell death. This Review discusses how bacteria repair oxidized proteins and highlights the importance of these repair systems in physiology and virulence.
Abstract | Full Text | PDF

Article series: Microbiome
Menage a trois in the human gut: interactions between host, bacteria and phages
Mohammadali Khan Mirzaei & Corinne F. Maurice
p397 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro.2017.30
The human gut is host to a dense microbial community that includes a large bacteriophage population. This Review summarizes bacteria and phage dynamics in health and disease, and considers how phages may be harnessed as novel therapeutics to improve disease outcomes.
Abstract | Full Text | PDF

Ustilago maydis effectors and their impact on virulence
Daniel Lanver, Marie Tollot, Gabriel Schweizer, Libera Lo Presti, Stefanie Reissmann, Lay-Sun Ma, Mariana Schuster, Shigeyuki Tanaka, Liang Liang, Nicole Ludwig & Regine Kahmann
p409 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro.2017.33
Biotrophic fungal plant pathogens secrete protein effectors that support colonization of the host. Here, Kahmann and colleagues discuss new insights into the effector repertoire of smut fungi, the molecular mechanisms whereby effectors of Ustilago maydis change plant cell processes, how the respective genes are regulated and how effectors evolve.
Abstract | Full Text | PDF

Next-generation approaches to understand and combat the antibiotic resistome
Terence S. Crofts, Andrew J. Gasparrini & Gautam Dantas
p422 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro.2017.28
Antibiotic resistance is a global problem that threatens individual and societal well-being. In this Review, Crofts, Gasparrini and Dantas summarize how research has changed from the discovery of resistant bacteria to community-level resistome studies, and they propose future therapeutic and surveillance approaches.
Abstract | Full Text | PDF | Supplementary information

Leukocidins: staphylococcal bi-component pore-forming toxins find their receptors
András N. Spaan, Jos A. G. van Strijp & Victor J. Torres
p435 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro.2017.27
In this Review, Spaan, van Strijp and Torres discuss the implications of the identification of the cellular receptors for the Staphylococcus aureus bi-component leukocidins, the mechanisms of action of the leukocidins, their diverse roles during pathogenesis and their potential as targets for therapeutic interventions.
Abstract | Full Text | PDF

Corrigendum: Anti-trypanosomatid drug discovery: an ongoing challenge and a continuing need
Mark C. Field, David Horn, Alan H. Fairlamb, Michael A. J. Ferguson, David W. Gray, Kevin D. Read, Manu De Rycker, Leah S. Torrie, Paul G. Wyatt, Susan Wyllie & Ian H. Gilbert
p447 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro.2017.69
Full Text | PDF
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