Thursday, May 25, 2017

Nature Materials contents: June 2017 Volume 16 Number 6 pp 599 - 689

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Nature Materials

Collection: Nature Research Tech Collection

The Nature Research Tech Collection is the home for life-science technology from across the Nature Research portfolio. Here, we highlight the technology behind the science, and provide current and need-to-know information that scientists can implement in their own labs

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June 2017 Volume 16, Issue 6

News and Views
Nature Research symposium: Metamaterials and Grand Challenges

Nature Communications, Nature Materials and Nature Photonics present a symposium which will cover the potential of metamaterials to address the so-called "grand challenges" in research. The symposium will take place at the upcoming Metamaterials'2017 conference in Marseille, 28 August — 2 September. 


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Science takes to the streets   p599
Opinion was divided about what the global Marches for Science were about. But it's time to abandon the notion that science should be apolitical.

News and Views


Perovskite solar cells: Shedding light on film crystallization   pp601 - 602
Osman M. Bakr and Omar F. Mohammed
A study on the formation of methylammonium lead iodide perovskite films reveals that light illumination influences the crystallization kinetics, therefore affecting the final photovoltaic performance of these materials.

Porous materials: Designed and then realized   pp602 - 604
Gregory J. O. Beran
Simulation determined the crystal energy landscape of a set of molecular crystals, predicting ultrahigh surface area solids with high methane storage. These were then synthesized, showing the potential of computational structure-property mapping.

Heteromolecular phases: Opposite interaction matters   pp604 - 606
Christian Teichert
Low-energy electron microscopy reveals how growth of multiple ordered heteromolecular phases can be steered by utilizing intermolecular repulsion.

See also: Article by Henneke et al.

Material Witness: Plastics on the menu   p606
Philip Ball

The tendon-to-bone attachment: Unification through disarray   pp607 - 608
Guy M. Genin and Stavros Thomopoulos
High-resolution imaging, composition analysis and mechanical testing reveal a disordered transitional material within the Achilles tendon-to-bone attachment, structured as a fibrous network to enable force transfer and maximize structural integrity.

See also: Article by Rossetti et al.

Nature Materials
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Collection: On Growth and Form Centenary

Join Nature in celebrating the centenary of D'Arcy Wentworth Thompson's seminal publication "On Growth and Form". We present an online collection of research and comment reflecting the diversity of explorative activity across the physical and biological sciences over the past 100 years. 

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Strong evidence for d-electron spin transport at room temperature at a LaAlO3/SrTiO3 interface   pp609 - 614
Ryo Ohshima, Yuichiro Ando, Kosuke Matsuzaki, Tomofumi Susaki, Mathias Weiler et al.
Room-temperature spin transport is achieved in the d-electron-based two-dimensional electron gas at the LaAlO3/SrTiO3 interface.

Direct 3D mapping of the Fermi surface and Fermi velocity   pp615 - 621
K.  Medjanik, O. Fedchenko, S. Chernov, D. Kutnyakhov, M. Ellguth et al.
Time-of-flight momentum microscopy is developed. It enables direct three-dimensional mapping of the topology of the Fermi surface, identification of electron and hole pockets, and quantification of Fermi velocity as a function of wavevector.

Functional electronic inversion layers at ferroelectric domain walls   pp622 - 627
J. A. Mundy, J. Schaab, Y. Kumagai, A. Cano, M. Stengel et al.
Electric-field control of the conductivity of domain walls in ferroelectric ErMnO3 has been demonstrated. Reversible switching between conducting and insulating states is attributed to an inversion layer, which provides a channel for conduction.

Controlling the growth of multiple ordered heteromolecular phases by utilizing intermolecular repulsion   pp628 - 633
Caroline Henneke, Janina Felter, Daniel Schwarz, F. Stefan Tautz and Christian Kumpf
It is now shown that the phase of heteromolecular submonolayer films formed by adsorbates with opposite intermolecular interactions can be controlled by tuning the density of the gas phase of the species with repulsive character.

See also: News and Views by Teichert

Nanoscale capillary freezing of ionic liquids confined between metallic interfaces and the role of electronic screening   pp634 - 639
Jean Comtet, Antoine Niguès, Vojtech Kaiser, Benoit Coasne, Lydéric Bocquet et al.
Ionic liquids are important for energy storage and lubrication but their behaviour at electrified interfaces remains elusive. Confined ionic liquids are now shown to exhibit a dramatic change to a solid-like phase pointing to capillary freezing.

Real-time impedance monitoring of oxygen reduction during surface modification of thin film cathodes   pp640 - 645
Ghislain M. Rupp, Alexander K. Opitz, Andreas Nenning, Andreas Limbeck and Jurgen Fleig
Cathodes with enhanced catalytic activity for oxygen reduction are needed for solid oxide fuel cells. Although perovskite-type oxides typically suffer from performance degradation, high surface activity is now shown to be related to a few active sites.

Photoelectrochemical water splitting in separate oxygen and hydrogen cells   pp646 - 651
Avigail Landman, Hen Dotan, Gennady E. Shter, Michael Wullenkord, Anis Houaijia et al.
Solar water splitting is promising for hydrogen production and solar energy storage, but for large-scale utilization cost must be reduced. A membrane-free approach in separate oxygen and hydrogen cells brings water splitting closer to applications.

Colloidal alloys with preassembled clusters and spheres   pp652 - 657
Étienne Ducrot, Mingxin He, Gi-Ra Yi and David J. Pine
Complex colloidal crystal structures can be obtained by a combination of preassembled units and DNA-mediated interactions. This enables, for instance, the generation of a MgCu2 structure with interpenetrating diamond and pyrochlore sublattices.

Antifogging abilities of model nanotextures   pp658 - 663
Timothée Mouterde, Gaëlle Lehoucq, Stéphane Xavier, Antonio Checco, Charles T. Black et al.
The antifogging properties of a structured surface can be considerably enhanced if the feature size is small enough and if the feature shapes are cones rather than cylinders.

The microstructure and micromechanics of the tendon–bone insertion   pp664 - 670
L. Rossetti, L. A. Kuntz, E. Kunold, J. Schock, K. W. Müller et al.
High-resolution imaging, composition analysis and mechanical testing provide a new insight into the structure and function of the Achilles enthesis.

See also: News and Views by Genin & Thomopoulos

Colony stimulating factor-1 receptor is a central component of the foreign body response to biomaterial implants in rodents and non-human primates   pp671 - 680
Joshua C. Doloff, Omid Veiseh, Arturo J. Vegas, Hok Hei Tam, Shady Farah et al.
By studying the immune responses of animals to different types of biomaterial implants, colony stimulating factor-1 receptor is revealed as an important mediator of the foreign body reaction and a possible target for fibrosis inhibition.

A fully organic retinal prosthesis restores vision in a rat model of degenerative blindness   pp681 - 689
José Fernando Maya-Vetencourt, Diego Ghezzi, Maria Rosa Antognazza, Elisabetta Colombo, Maurizio Mete et al.
A retinal prosthesis fabricated from an organic photovoltaic polymer can restore degenerative blindness in vivo, and over long implantation periods.

Collection: Entrepreneurship in Quantum Technology

Nature want to help inspire and educate today's young scientists in quantum physics to become tomorrow's quantum-technology entrepreneurs. This Collection presents advice for young quantum technology entrepreneurs and features about commercialisation of the technologies. 

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