An open access, online-only journal providing researchers, policy makers and the public with the latest research on weather and climate, publishing high-quality papers that focus on topics including climate dynamics, climate variability, weather and climate prediction, climate change, weather extremes, atmospheric composition including aerosols, the hydrological cycle and atmosphere-ocean interactions.
Expanding research views p229 doi:10.1038/nclimate3270 Regions most affected by climate change are not always the areas that receive the most attention. Africa is one example of a region that highlights the need for research in more difficult locations.
The visual divide pp231 - 233 Alfons Maes doi:10.1038/nclimate3251 Climate change is a playground for visualization. Yet research and technological innovations in visual communication and data visualization do not account for a substantial part of the world's population: vulnerable audiences with low levels of literacy.
The food-energy-water nexus and urban complexity pp233 - 235 Patricia Romero-Lankao, Timon McPhearson and Debra J. Davidson doi:10.1038/nclimate3260 While tackling interdependencies among food, energy, and water security is promising, three fundamental challenges to effective operationalization need addressing: the feasibility of science-policy integration, cross-scale inequalities, and path-dependencies in infrastructure and socio-institutional practices.
Natural disasters: Cities build their vulnerability pp237 - 238 Bryan Jones doi:10.1038/nclimate3261 Tornadoes pose a significant threat across vast portions of the US. Now research suggests that growth in the human-built environment will be more influential than climate change in driving future disaster potential.
Atmospheric science: Warming boosts air pollution pp238 - 239 Renhe Zhang doi:10.1038/nclimate3257 Atmospheric conditions play an important role in driving severe air pollution events in Beijing, China. Now research finds that global warming will enhance weather conditions favouring such events, increasing the chances of severe winter-time haze in the future. See also: Letter by Wenju Cai et al.
Oceanography: Ocean acidification without borders pp241 - 242 Richard G. J. Bellerby doi:10.1038/nclimate3247 The marine carbonate system is changing as uptake of CO2 from the atmosphere causes ocean acidification. Now, analysis of repeat observations demonstrates that the rate and extent of Arctic Ocean acidification is enhanced through increased transport from the North Pacific. See also: Letter by Di Qi et al.
The role of CO2 capture and utilization in mitigating climate change pp243 - 249 Niall Mac Dowell, Paul S. Fennell, Nilay Shah and Geoffrey C. Maitland doi:10.1038/nclimate3231 This Perspective considers the potential mitigation contribution of carbon capture and utilization, such as chemical conversation or to enhance oil recovery. The authors find it will account for a small amount of the required total mitigation effort.
Climate change through a poverty lens pp250 - 256 Stephane Hallegatte and Julie Rozenberg doi:10.1038/nclimate3253 The economic impact of climate change has typically been considered at regional or national levels. This Perspective assesses impacts at household level to determine effects on poverty and the poor. It shows how rapid development could reduce these impacts.
Towards a rain-dominated Arctic pp263 - 267 R. Bintanja and O. Andry doi:10.1038/nclimate3240 Arctic precipitation is projected to increase and this study shows that rainfall will become the dominant phase of precipitation, with a decrease in snowfall across all seasons.
The contribution of solar brightening to the US maize yield trend pp275 - 278 Matthijs Tollenaar, Jon Fridgen, Priyanka Tyagi, Paul W. Stackhouse Jr and Saratha Kumudini doi:10.1038/nclimate3234 Gains in maize yield from the US Corn Belt have been attributed to agricultural technologies. A study now shows that solar brightening was responsible for approximately 27% of yield growth from 1984 to 2013.
Elevated CO2 does not increase eucalypt forest productivity on a low-phosphorus soil pp279 - 282 David S. Ellsworth, Ian C. Anderson, Kristine Y. Crous, Julia Cooke, John E. Drake, Andrew N. Gherlenda, Teresa E. Gimeno, Catriona A. Macdonald, Belinda E. Medlyn, Jeff R. Powell, Mark G. Tjoelker and Peter B. Reich doi:10.1038/nclimate3235 Experimental evidence from a mature, phosphorous-limited, eucalypt forest finds that aboveground productivity was not significantly stimulated by elevated CO2. Findings suggest that this effect may be limited across much of the tropics.
A climate stress-test of the financial system pp283 - 288 Stefano Battiston, Antoine Mandel, Irene Monasterolo, Franziska Schütze and Gabriele Visentin doi:10.1038/nclimate3255 The financial system will be impacted by climate policies. Network analysis of the exposures of financial actors to climate-relevant sectors in the Euro Area shows early implementation of climate policy is needed to avoid adverse systemic consequences.
Influence of high-latitude atmospheric circulation changes on summertime Arctic sea ice pp289 - 295 Qinghua Ding, Axel Schweiger, Michelle L’Heureux, David S. Battisti, Stephen Po-Chedley, Nathaniel C. Johnson, Eduardo Blanchard-Wrigglesworth, Kirstin Harnos, Qin Zhang, Ryan Eastman and Eric J. Steig doi:10.1038/nclimate3241 The Arctic is warming and sea ice is declining, but how the two link is unclear. This study shows changes in summertime atmospheric circulation and internal variability may have caused up to 60% of September sea-ice decline since 1979. See also: News and Views by Neil Swart
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