Thursday, March 2, 2017

Nature Climate Change Contents: March 2017 Volume 7 Number 3 pp 159 - 228

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Nature Chemistry


March 2017 Volume 7, Issue 3

Research Highlights
News and Views

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Connecting with climate science p159
Protecting science-based policymaking requires engaging the public, not politicians. Cultural institutions and the arts provide non-partisan platforms for communication that can connect scientific climate change data to people's lives.



Community action and climate change pp161 - 163
James P. Ordner
President Obama's rejection of the Keystone XL pipeline in 2015 established the viability of grassroots mobilization modelled on the social movement organization Bold Nebraska. This set a precedent for communities fighting energy projects that threaten natural resources and contribute to climate change.

Assessing temperature pattern projections made in 1989 pp163 - 165
Ronald J. Stouffer and Syukuro Manabe
Successful projection of the distribution of surface temperature change increases our confidence in climate models. Here we evaluate projections of global warming from almost 30 years ago using the observations made during the past half century.

Museums as catalysts for change pp166 - 167
Morien Rees
An international coalition of museums could play a critical role in coordinating more effective public communication on and engagement with climate change.



The visceral climate experience pp168 - 171
Sonja van Renssen
Representing climate change through music and the visual arts anchors it in our culture.

Research Highlights


Biogeochemistry: Land CO2 sink drivers | Hydrology: Increasing river flood risk | Forest Policy: Media influence on debate | Marine microbiology: Plasticity under acidification

News and Views


Communication: Influencing policymakers pp173 - 174
Jiaying Zhao
Policymakers play a critical role in the global response to climate change. Now, research reveals an effective visual strategy for communicating climate science to policymakers and climate negotiators.
See also: Letter by Valentina Bosetti et al.

Palaeoclimate: Aerosols shift lake ecosystem pp174 - 175
Harry J. Dowsett
Anthropogenic aerosols over the Chinese Loess Plateau have diminished monsoon precipitation and concomitant soil erosion that plagues the region. Now, a reconstruction documents the differences between historical warming events and the present, highlighting the paradoxical implications of decreasing atmospheric aerosols.
See also: Letter by Jianbao Liu et al.

Biosphere–atmosphere interactions: Deforestation size influences rainfall pp175 - 176
Jeffrey Q. Chambers and Paulo Artaxo
Changes to the land surface, such as land clearing and logging of forest areas, impacts moisture cycling. Now a shift from small-scale to large-scale deforestation in the southern Amazon is found to modify the mechanisms and patterns of regional precipitation.
See also: Letter by Jaya Khanna et al.

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Forecasting societies' adaptive capacities through a demographic metabolism model pp177 - 184
Wolfgang Lutz and Raya Muttarak
Climate and societies are dynamic. In this Perspective an approach to forecasting important aspects of societal change is proposed to help understanding of how future societies will be affected by climate change.



COP21 climate negotiators’ responses to climate model forecasts pp185 - 189
Valentina Bosetti, Elke Weber, Loïc Berger, David V. Budescu, Ning Liu and Massimo Tavoni
Communicating climate science requires depicting uncertainty. This study shows that the tendency for COP21 policymakers to assign model forecasts less weight than their prior beliefs when making predictions is mitigated by presenting individual model forecasts with the statistical range.
See also: News and Views by Jiaying Zhao

Aerosol-weakened summer monsoons decrease lake fertilization on the Chinese Loess Plateau pp190 - 194
Jianbao Liu, Kathleen M. Rühland, Jianhui Chen, Yangyang Xu, Shengqian Chen, Qiaomei Chen, Wei Huang, Qinghai Xu, Fahu Chen and John P. Smol
Historically, warm periods enhanced the Asian summer monsoon—increased rainfall brought additional nutrients to freshwater ecosystems and increased production. However, anthropogenic aerosols have weakened the monsoon and altered lake ecosystems.
See also: News and Views by Harry J. Dowsett

Increase in acidifying water in the western Arctic Ocean pp195 - 199
Di Qi, Liqi Chen, Baoshan Chen, Zhongyong Gao, Wenli Zhong, Richard A. Feely, Leif G. Anderson, Heng Sun, Jianfang Chen, Min Chen, Liyang Zhan, Yuanhui Zhang and Wei-Jun Cai
Ocean acidification has expanded in the western Arctic Ocean. Observations from the 1990s to 2010 show that aragonite saturation levels have decreased, with low saturation water deepening to 250 m and increasing in area more rapidly than seen in other oceans.
See also: News and Views by Richard G. J. Bellerby

Regional dry-season climate changes due to three decades of Amazonian deforestation pp200 - 204
Jaya Khanna, David Medvigy, Stephan Fueglistaler and Robert Walko
Deforestation in Amazonia has previously been linked to thermally driven precipitation increases. Satellite observations and model simulations now suggest a shift toward a dynamically driven hydroclimate, with enhanced rainfall seen downwind of deforested areas.
See also: News and Views by Jeffrey Q. Chambers et al.

Species’ traits influenced their response to recent climate change pp205 - 208
Michela Pacifici, Piero Visconti, Stuart H. M. Butchart, James E. M. Watson, Francesca M. Cassola and Carlo Rondinini
Modelling of mammal and bird responses to recent climatic changes—based on a systematic review of the literature—suggests that large numbers of threatened species have already been affected by climate change in at least part of their range.

Long-term warming amplifies shifts in the carbon cycle of experimental ponds pp209 - 213
Gabriel Yvon-Durocher, Chris J. Hulatt, Guy Woodward and Mark Trimmer
A seven-year experimental pond experiment reveals that warming can fundamentally alter the carbon balance of small ponds over a number of years, reducing their capacity to sequester CO2 and increasing emissions of CH4.



Slower snowmelt in a warmer world pp214 - 219
Keith N. Musselman, Martyn P. Clark, Changhai Liu, Kyoko Ikeda and Roy Rasmussen
Observations from western North America and model simulations are used to understand how climate change will affect snowmelt. Snowmelt is found to be slower under climate change as earlier melt means there is less energy for high melt rates.

The key role of forests in meeting climate targets requires science for credible mitigation pp220 - 226
Giacomo Grassi, Jo House, Frank Dentener, Sandro Federici, Michel den Elzen and Jim Penman
Forests are a key component of the Paris Agreement, providing about a quarter of planned emission reductions. Realizing this ambition, however, requires greater confidence in forest estimates, presenting a challenge and an opportunity for science.



Erratum: Macroclimatic change expected to transform coastal wetland ecosystems this century p227
Christopher A. Gabler, Michael J. Osland, James B. Grace, Camille L. Stagg, Richard H. Day, Stephen B. Hartley, Nicholas M. Enwright, Andrew S. From, Meagan L. McCoy and Jennie L. McLeod



Addendum: Biomass enables the transition to a carbon-negative power system across western North America p228
Daniel L. Sanchez, James H. Nelson, Josiah Johnston, Ana Mileva and Daniel M. Kammen

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