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Connecting with climate science p159 doi:10.1038/nclimate3246 Protecting science-based policymaking requires engaging the public, not politicians. Cultural institutions and the arts provide non-partisan platforms for communication that can connect scientific climate change data to people's lives.
Community action and climate change pp161 - 163 James P. Ordner doi:10.1038/nclimate3236 President Obama's rejection of the Keystone XL pipeline in 2015 established the viability of grassroots mobilization modelled on the social movement organization Bold Nebraska. This set a precedent for communities fighting energy projects that threaten natural resources and contribute to climate change.
Assessing temperature pattern projections made in 1989 pp163 - 165 Ronald J. Stouffer and Syukuro Manabe doi:10.1038/nclimate3224 Successful projection of the distribution of surface temperature change increases our confidence in climate models. Here we evaluate projections of global warming from almost 30 years ago using the observations made during the past half century.
Museums as catalysts for change pp166 - 167 Morien Rees doi:10.1038/nclimate3237 An international coalition of museums could play a critical role in coordinating more effective public communication on and engagement with climate change.
Palaeoclimate: Aerosols shift lake ecosystem pp174 - 175 Harry J. Dowsett doi:10.1038/nclimate3230 Anthropogenic aerosols over the Chinese Loess Plateau have diminished monsoon precipitation and concomitant soil erosion that plagues the region. Now, a reconstruction documents the differences between historical warming events and the present, highlighting the paradoxical implications of decreasing atmospheric aerosols. See also: Letter by Jianbao Liu et al.
COP21 climate negotiators’ responses to climate model forecasts pp185 - 189 Valentina Bosetti, Elke Weber, Loïc Berger, David V. Budescu, Ning Liu and Massimo Tavoni doi:10.1038/nclimate3208 Communicating climate science requires depicting uncertainty. This study shows that the tendency for COP21 policymakers to assign model forecasts less weight than their prior beliefs when making predictions is mitigated by presenting individual model forecasts with the statistical range. See also: News and Views by Jiaying Zhao
Increase in acidifying water in the western Arctic Ocean pp195 - 199 Di Qi, Liqi Chen, Baoshan Chen, Zhongyong Gao, Wenli Zhong, Richard A. Feely, Leif G. Anderson, Heng Sun, Jianfang Chen, Min Chen, Liyang Zhan, Yuanhui Zhang and Wei-Jun Cai doi:10.1038/nclimate3228 Ocean acidification has expanded in the western Arctic Ocean. Observations from the 1990s to 2010 show that aragonite saturation levels have decreased, with low saturation water deepening to 250 m and increasing in area more rapidly than seen in other oceans. See also: News and Views by Richard G. J. Bellerby
Species’ traits influenced their response to recent climate change pp205 - 208 Michela Pacifici, Piero Visconti, Stuart H. M. Butchart, James E. M. Watson, Francesca M. Cassola and Carlo Rondinini doi:10.1038/nclimate3223 Modelling of mammal and bird responses to recent climatic changes—based on a systematic review of the literature—suggests that large numbers of threatened species have already been affected by climate change in at least part of their range.
Long-term warming amplifies shifts in the carbon cycle of experimental ponds pp209 - 213 Gabriel Yvon-Durocher, Chris J. Hulatt, Guy Woodward and Mark Trimmer doi:10.1038/nclimate3229 A seven-year experimental pond experiment reveals that warming can fundamentally alter the carbon balance of small ponds over a number of years, reducing their capacity to sequester CO2 and increasing emissions of CH4.
Slower snowmelt in a warmer world pp214 - 219 Keith N. Musselman, Martyn P. Clark, Changhai Liu, Kyoko Ikeda and Roy Rasmussen doi:10.1038/nclimate3225 Observations from western North America and model simulations are used to understand how climate change will affect snowmelt. Snowmelt is found to be slower under climate change as earlier melt means there is less energy for high melt rates.
The key role of forests in meeting climate targets requires science for credible mitigation pp220 - 226 Giacomo Grassi, Jo House, Frank Dentener, Sandro Federici, Michel den Elzen and Jim Penman doi:10.1038/nclimate3227 Forests are a key component of the Paris Agreement, providing about a quarter of planned emission reductions. Realizing this ambition, however, requires greater confidence in forest estimates, presenting a challenge and an opportunity for science.
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