Tuesday, January 3, 2017

Nature Photonics contents January 2017 Volume 11 Number 1 pp 1-68

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Nature Photonics


January 2017 Volume 11, Issue 1

Books and Arts
Research Highlights
Recommend to library



Coming of age   p1
As Nature Photonics turns 10 years old, we reflect on how times have changed and offer a message of thanks to our authors, reviewers and readers.



The future of photonics   p3

A new era for solar   pp3 - 5
Sarah Kurtz, Nancy Haegel, Ronald Sinton and Robert Margolis
The field of photovoltaics has grown tremendously over the past decade and in 2015 solar cell deployments accounted for 20% of the expansion of global electricity capacity.

Communications expands its space   pp5 - 8
Joseph M. Kahn and David A. B. Miller
Optical communication systems have traditionally sent the most information possible through a few spatial channels to minimize cost and maximize density. Energy constraints now compel systems at the longest and shortest distances to employ a new strategy of using more spatial channels, each carrying less data.

Unrelenting plasmons   pp8 - 10
Antonio I. Fernández-Domínguez, Francisco J. García-Vidal and Luis Martín-Moreno
Worldwide research efforts on plasmonics and metamaterials have been growing exponentially for the past ten years. Will this course hold true over the next decade?

Nobel Prizes 2007 to 2016   p11
Oliver Graydon

The next ten years of X-ray science   pp12 - 14
Makina Yabashi and Hitoshi Tanaka
The development of free-electron lasers with improved brilliance, diffraction-limited synchrotrons and compact table-top sources all point to a healthy future for X-ray science.

Optical microscopy aims deep   pp14 - 16
Sylvain Gigan
A new set of imaging techniques that take advantage of scattered light may soon lead to key advances in biomedical optics, providing access to depths well beyond what is currently possible with ballistic light.

Extreme terahertz science   pp16 - 18
Xi Cheng Zhang, Alexander Shkurinov and Yan Zhang
In the future, sources of intense terahertz radiation will open up an era of extreme terahertz science featuring nonlinear light–matter interactions and applications in spectroscopy and imaging.

Quantum optics, what next?   pp18 - 20
J. Ignacio Cirac and H. Jeff Kimble
Quantum optics is a well-established field that spans from fundamental physics to quantum information science. In the coming decade, areas including computation, communication and metrology are all likely to experience scientific and technological advances supported by this far-reaching research field.

Organics go hybrid   pp20 - 22
Guglielmo Lanzani, Annamaria Petrozza and Mario Caironi
From displays to solar cells, the field of organic optoelectronics has come a long way over the past 50 years, but the realization of an electrically pumped organic laser remains elusive. The answer may lie with hybrid organic–inorganic materials called perovskites.

Books and Arts


All-time favourites   p23
Principles of Optics By Max Born and Emil Wolf

Research Highlights


Optical microscopy: Out-of-focus benefits | Optical devices: Nanoscale rotator | Nano-optics: Exceptional plasmonics | High-harmonic generation: Selective filtering | 2D materials: Electron-hole interaction



Optical clock networks   pp25 - 31
Fritz Riehle
This Review covers optical clock networks that are established to synchronize remote optical clocks. Further upgrading of optical clock networks and their impact on a future redefinition of time are also discussed.



Experimental observation of attosecond control over relativistic electron bunches with two-colour fields   pp32 - 35
M. Yeung, S. Rykovanov, J. Bierbach, L. Li, E. Eckner et al.
Experimental data supported by simulations indicate that the trajectories of relativistic electron bunches can be controlled at the attosecond timescale by precise adjustment of the relative phase in a two-colour field scheme. An enhancement in the harmonic yield is also reported.

Spectral hole burning and its application in microwave photonics   pp36 - 39
Stefan Putz, Andreas Angerer, Dmitry O. Krimer, Ralph Glattauer, William J. Munro et al.
Rabi oscillations with a decay time of 26.7 µs are observed in a system comprising the electron spins in a diamond nitrogen–vacancy centre and a superconducting microwave cavity. Such oscillations are achieved by engineering the spectral hole burning of the spin ensemble.

Real-time near-field terahertz imaging with atomic optical fluorescence   pp40 - 43
C. G. Wade, N. Šibalić, N. R. de Melo, J. M. Kondo, C. S. Adams et al.
A time-averaged intensity distribution of terahertz waves is imaged by converting terahertz waves to optical fluorescence. The conversion becomes possible by exciting Cs atoms to a Rydberg state. The image acquisition time is 40 ms.

Photonic microwave signals with zeptosecond-level absolute timing noise   pp44 - 47
Xiaopeng Xie, Romain Bouchand, Daniele Nicolodi, Michele Giunta, Wolfgang Hänsel et al.
Ultralow-noise microwave signals are generated at 12 GHz by a low-noise fibre-based frequency comb and cutting-edge photodetection techniques. The microwave signals have a fractional frequency stability below 6.5 × 10–16 at 1 s and a timing noise floor below 41 zs Hz–1/2.

Ultrastable optical clock with two cold-atom ensembles   pp48 - 52
M. Schioppo, R. C. Brown, W. F. McGrew, N. Hinkley, R. J. Fasano et al.
Optical clocks with a record low zero-dead-time instability of 6 × 10–17 at 1 second are demonstrated in two cold-ytterbium systems. The two systems are interrogated by a shared optical local oscillator to nearly eliminate the Dick effect.

Bandwidth manipulation of quantum light by an electro-optic time lens   pp53 - 57
Michał Karpiński, Michał Jachura, Laura J. Wright and Brian J. Smith
By employing electro-optic phase modulation, a time-lens imaging system is demonstrated for single-photon pulses. Such a system achieves wavelength-preserving sixfold bandwidth compression of single-photon states in the near-infrared spectral region.

A single molecule as a high-fidelity photon gun for producing intensity-squeezed light   pp58 - 62
Xiao-Liu Chu, Stephan Götzinger and Vahid Sandoghdar
A regular stream of single photons is generated from a terrylene molecule. The metallodielectric planar antenna, applied to a terrylene molecule, and the optical excitation scheme are developed to achieve intensity fluctuations 40% below the sub-shot-noise limit.



Near-infrared organic light-emitting diodes with very high external quantum efficiency and radiance   pp63 - 68
Kiet Tuong Ly, Ren-Wu Chen-Cheng, Hao-Wu Lin, Yu-Jeng Shiau, Shih-Hung Liu et al.
New design of Pt(II) phosphors yield near-infrared organic light-emitting diodes with high efficiency and brightness.

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