Tuesday, November 29, 2016

Scientific Reports Earth Sciences Table of Contents e-alert: 29 November 2016

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Narrowing the spread in CMIP5 model projections of air-sea CO2 fluxes


Lei Wang, Jianbin Huang, Yong Luo et al.


Large spread appears in the projection of air-sea CO2 fluxes using the latest simulations from the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5). Here, two methods are …


Climate-driven increase of natural wetland methane emissions offset by human-induced wetland reduction in China over the past three decades


Qiuan Zhu, Changhui Peng, Jinxun Liu et al.


Both anthropogenic activities and climate change can affect the biogeochemical processes of natural wetland methanogenesis. Quantifying possible impacts of changing climate and …


Distribution of carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus in coastal wetland soil related land use in the Modern Yellow River Delta


Junbao Yu, Chao Zhan, Yunzhao Li et al.


The delivery and distribution of nutrients in coastal wetland ecosystems is much related to the land use. The spatial variations of TOC, TN, NH4+-N, NO3-N and TP and associated …


Where is iron in erionite? A multidisciplinary study on fibrous erionite-Na from Jersey (Nevada, USA)


Alessandro F. Gualtieri, Nicola Bursi Gandolfi, Simone Pollastri et al.


Fibrous erionite is a mineral fibre of great concern but to date mechanisms by which it induces cyto- and geno-toxic damage, and especially the role of iron associated to this …


A novel bio-engineering approach to generate an eminent surface-functionalized template for selective detection of female sex pheromone of Helicoverpa armigera


Parikshit Moitra, Deepa Bhagat, Rudra Pratap et al.


Plant pests exert serious effects on food production due to which the global crop yields are reduced by ~20–40 percent per year. Hence to meet the world’s food needs, loses of …


Phenology and Growth dynamics of Avicennia marina in the Central Red Sea


Hanan Almahasheer, Carlos M. Duarte, Xabier Irigoien


The formation of nodes, stem elongation and the phenology of stunted Avicennia marina was examined in the Central Red Sea, where Avicennia marina is at the limit of its …


Variations in abundance, diversity and community composition of airborne fungi in swine houses across seasons


Priyanka Kumari, Cheolwoon Woo, Naomichi Yamamoto et al.


We examined the abundance, diversity and community composition of airborne fungi in swine houses during winter and summer seasons by using quantitative PCR and Illumina HiSeq …


Boron-doped diamond semiconductor electrodes: Efficient photoelectrochemical CO2 reduction through surface modification


Nitish Roy, Yuiri Hirano, Haruo Kuriyama et al.


Competitive hydrogen evolution and multiple proton-coupled electron transfer reactions limit photoelectrochemical CO2 reduction in aqueous electrolyte. Here, oxygen-terminated …


Drought rapidly diminishes the large net CO2 uptake in 2011 over semi-arid Australia


Xuanlong Ma, Alfredo Huete, James Cleverly et al.


Each year, terrestrial ecosystems absorb more than a quarter of the anthropogenic carbon emissions, termed as land carbon sink. An exceptionally large land carbon sink anomaly …


Impact of human activities on subaqueous topographic change in Lingding Bay of the Pearl River estuary, China, during 1955–2013


Z. Y. Wu, Yoshiki Saito, D. N. Zhao et al.


Estuaries have been sites of intensive human activities during the past century. Tracing the evolution of subaqueous topography in estuaries on a decadal timescale enables us to …


Conspecific Leaf Litter-Mediated Effect of Conspecific Adult Neighborhood on Early-Stage Seedling Survival in A Subtropical Forest


Heming Liu, Guochun Shen, Zunping Ma et al.


Conspecific adults have strong negative effect on the survival of nearby early-stage seedlings and thus can promote species coexistence by providing space for the regeneration of …


Habitat generalists and specialists in microbial communities across a terrestrial-freshwater gradient


C. Monard, S. Gantner, S. Bertilsson et al.


Observations of distributions of microorganisms and their differences in community composition across habitats provide evidence of biogeographical patterns. However, little is …


A GdAlO3 Perovskite Oxide Electrolyte-Based NOx Solid-State Sensor


Yihong Xiao, Dongmei Wang, Guohui Cai et al.


NOx is a notorious emission from motor vehicles and chemical factories as the precursor of acid rain and photochemical smog. Although zirconia-based NOx sensors have been …


Reduction of randomness in seismic noise as a short-term precursor to a volcanic eruption


C. C. Glynn, K. I. Konstantinou


Ambient seismic noise is characterized by randomness incurred by the random position and strength of the noise sources as well as the heterogeneous properties of the medium …


Meteotsunamis in the Laurentian Great Lakes


Adam J. Bechle, Chin H. Wu, David A. R. Kristovich et al.


The generation mechanism of meteotsunamis, which are meteorologically induced water waves with spatial/temporal characteristics and behavior similar to seismic tsunamis, is …


Refractive Index and Absorption Attribution of Highly Absorbing Brown Carbon Aerosols from an Urban Indian City-Kanpur


P. M. Shamjad, S. N. Tripathi, Navaneeth M. Thamban et al.


Atmospheric aerosols influence Earth’s radiative balance, having both warming and cooling effects. Though many aerosols reflect radiation, carbonaceous aerosols such as black …


Spatial mapping of lichen specialized metabolites using LDI-MSI: chemical ecology issues for Ophioparma ventosa


Pierre Le Pogam, Béatrice Legouin, Audrey Geairon et al.


Imaging mass spectrometry techniques have become a powerful strategy to assess the spatial distribution of metabolites in biological systems. Based on auto-ionisability of lichen …


Hydrogen Sulfide and/or Ammonia Reduces Spermatozoa Motility through AMPK/AKT Related Pathways


Yong Zhao, Wei-Dong Zhang, Xin-Qi Liu et al.


A number of emerging studies suggest that air pollutants such as hydrogen sulfide (H2S) and ammonia (NH3) may cause a decline in spermatozoa motility. The impact and underlying …


Interaction between β-hexachlorocyclohexane and ADIPOQ genotypes contributes to the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus in East Chinese adults


Shushu Li, Xichen Wang, Lu Yang et al.


Growing evidence links environmental exposure to hexachlorocyclohexanes (HCHs) to the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and ADIPOQ that encodes adiponectin is considered …


In-situ restoration of one-stage partial nitritation-anammox process deteriorated by nitrate build-up via elevated substrate levels


Xiaolong Wang, Dawen Gao


The one-stage partial nitritation and anammox process (PN/A) has been a promising microbial process to remove ammonia from wastewater especially with low carbon/nitrogen ratio. …


Bandicoot fossils and DNA elucidate lineage antiquity amongst xeric-adapted Australasian marsupials


Benjamin P. Kear, Ken P. Aplin, Michael Westerman


Bandicoots (Peramelemorphia) are a unique order of Australasian marsupials whose sparse fossil record has been used as prima facie evidence for climate change coincident faunal …


Persistent northward North Atlantic tropical cyclone track migration over the past five centuries


Lisa M. Baldini, James U. L. Baldini, Jim N. McElwaine et al.


Accurately predicting future tropical cyclone risk requires understanding the fundamental controls on tropical cyclone dynamics. Here we present an annually-resolved 450-year …


Radiocaesium partitioning in Japanese cedar forests following the “early” phase of Fukushima fallout redistribution


Frederic Coppin, Pierre Hurtevent, Nicolas Loffredo et al.


Our study focused on radiocaesium (137Cs) partitioning in forests, three vegetation periods after the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident. 137Cs distribution in forest …


The Mediterranean Plastic Soup: synthetic polymers in Mediterranean surface waters


Giuseppe Suaria, Carlo G. Avio, Annabella Mineo et al.


The Mediterranean Sea has been recently proposed as one of the most impacted regions of the world with regards to microplastics, however the polymeric composition of these …


A new grading system for plant-available potassium using exhaustive cropping techniques combined with chemical analyses of soils


Ting Li, Huoyan Wang, Zijun Zhou et al.


A new grading system for plant-available potassium (K) in soils based on K release rate from soils and plant growth indices was established. In the study, fourteen different …


ENSO’s far reaching connection to Indian cold waves


J. V. Ratnam, Swadhin K. Behera, H. Annamalai et al.


During boreal winters, cold waves over India are primarily due to transport of cold air from higher latitudes. However, the processes associated with these cold waves are not yet …


Improving the characterization of dissolved organic carbon in cloud water: Amino acids and their impact on the oxidant capacity


Angelica Bianco, Guillaume Voyard, Laurent Deguillaume et al.


Improving our understanding of cloud chemistry depends on achieving better chemical characterization (90% of the organic carbon [OC] fraction remains uncharacterized) and, …


Seep-carbonate lamination controlled by cyclic particle flux


Tobias Himmler, Germain Bayon, David Wangner et al.


Authigenic carbonate build-ups develop at seafloor methane-seeps, where microbially mediated sulphate-dependent anaerobic oxidation of methane facilitates carbonate …


Soil organic carbon accumulation during post-agricultural succession in a karst area, southwest China


Liqiong Yang, Pan Luo, Li Wen et al.


This study was aimed to investigate the direction and magnitude of soil organic carbon (SOC) dynamics and the underlying mechanisms following agricultural abandonment in a …


Experimental investigation into the oxidation reactivity and nanostructure of particulate matter from diesel engine fuelled with diesel/polyoxymethylene dimethyl ethers blends


Hao Yang, Xinghu Li, Yan Wang et al.


This paper focuses on oxidation reactivity and nanostructural characteristics of particulate matter (PM) emitted from diesel engine fuelled with different volume proportions of …


Novel structure in sciaenid fish skulls indicates continuous production of the cephalic neuromast cupula


Maíra Pombo, Alexander Turra


The presence of a conspicuous and frequent but never-described structure in the skull cavities of sciaenid fish was noted during population studies in an urbanized bay. The …


Edge effects reverse facilitation by a widespread foundation species


Laura J. Jurgens, Brian Gaylord


Dense aggregations of foundation species often mitigate environmental stresses for organisms living among them. Considerable work documents such benefits by comparing conditions …


The stable microbiome of inter and sub-tidal anemone species under increasing pCO2


Erinn M. Muller, Maoz Fine, Kim B. Ritchie


Increasing levels of pCO2 within the oceans will select for resistant organisms such as anemones, which may thrive under ocean acidification conditions. However, increasing pCO2


14,000-year-old seeds indicate the Levantine origin of the lost progenitor of faba bean


Valentina Caracuta, Mina Weinstein-Evron, Daniel Kaufman et al.


The understanding of crop domestication is dependent on tracking the original geographical distribution of wild relatives. The faba bean (Vicia faba L.) is economically important …


Possible generation of heat from nuclear fusion in Earth’s inner core


Mikio Fukuhara


The cause and source of the heat released from Earth’s interior have not yet been determined. Some research groups have proposed that the heat is supplied by radioactive decay or …


Solid-liquid density and spin crossovers in (Mg, Fe)O system at deep mantle conditions


Dipta B. Ghosh, Bijaya B. Karki


The low/ultralow-velocity zones in the Earth’s mantle can be explained by the presence of partial melting, critically depending on density contrast between the melt and …


Spatially differentiated trends in urbanization, agricultural land abandonment and reclamation, and woodland recovery in Northern China


Chao Wang, Qiong Gao, Xian Wang et al.


Uncovering magnitude, trend, and spatial pattern of land cover/land use changes (LCLUC) is crucial for understanding mechanisms of LCLUC and assisting land use planning and …


The response of the soil microbial food web to extreme rainfall under different plant systems


Feng Sun, Kaiwen Pan, Akash Tariq et al.


An agroforestry experiment was conducted that involved four planting systems: monoculture of the focal species Zanthoxylum bungeanum and mixed cultures of Z. bungeanum and


In situ synthesis, enhanced luminescence and application in dye sensitized solar cells of Y2O3/Y2O2S:Eu3+ nanocomposites by reduction of Y2O3:Eu3+


Guohai Yuan, Mingxia Li, Mingqi Yu et al.


Y2O3/Y2O2S:Eu3+ nanocomposites were successfully prepared by reducing Y2O3:Eu3+ nanocrystals. The obtained Y2O3/Y2O2S:Eu3+ nanocomposites not only can emit enhanced red …


Waterborne aripiprazole blunts the stress response in zebrafish


Heloísa Helena de Alcantara Barcellos, Fabiana Kalichak, João Gabriel Santos da Rosa et al.


Here we provide, at least to our knowledge, the first evidence that aripiprazole (APPZ) in the water blunts the stress response of exposed fish in a concentration ten times lower …

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