Thursday, November 24, 2016

Nature Climate Change Contents: December 2016 Volume 6 Number 12 pp 1049-1136

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December 2016 Volume 6, Issue 12

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Tell us where the data is p1049
A statement on the availability of data is now needed on all research published in Nature Climate Change.

Building a greener future p1049
The built environment will play a key role in determining future emissions, so it is essential that low-carbon infrastructure and design are implemented.



Reply to 'Broaden research on the human dimensions of climate change' p1051
Thomas Dietz, Benjamin K. Sovacool and Paul C. Stern
See also: Correspondence by Noel Castree



The supply of climate leaders must grow pp1052 - 1054
Thomas S. Bateman and Michael E. Mann
To catalyse climate transformation, we need leadership everywhere. It is time for more of us to take the first steps to lead actively.

Urban infrastructure choices structure climate solutions pp1054 - 1056
Felix Creutzig, Peter Agoston, Jan C. Minx, Josep G. Canadell, Robbie M. Andrew, Corinne Le Quéré, Glen P. Peters, Ayyoob Sharifi, Yoshiki Yamagata and Shobhakar Dhakal
Cities are becoming increasingly important in combatting climate change, but their overall role in global solution pathways remains unclear. Here we suggest structuring urban climate solutions along the use of existing and newly built infrastructures, providing estimates of the mitigation potential.

The vital need for a climate information system pp1057 - 1059
Kevin E. Trenberth, Melinda Marquis and Stephen Zebiak
An end-to-end comprehensive climate information system is needed to complement mitigation and adaptation as responses to the threat of human-induced climate change.

Research Highlights


Climate Feedbacks: Decadal cloud dynamics | Forest Conservation: Brazilian detection loopholes | Plant physiology: Responses to drought | Psychology: Biased recall is polarizing

News and Views


Behavioural Science: Culture and climate action pp1061 - 1062
Lisa Zaval
Moderating the impacts of climate change is a global problem. Research now shows that cultural values determine whether personal environmental concerns actually lead to pro-environmental action.

Water resources: Island water stress pp1062 - 1063
Toby Ault
Small island states will experience decreasing freshwater resources under climate change this century.
See also: Letter by S. Holding et al.

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Nested barriers to low-carbon infrastructure investment pp1065 - 1071
Ilmi Granoff, J. Ryan Hogarth and Alan Miller
Low-carbon, 'green' economic growth is necessary to simultaneously improve human welfare and avoid the worst impacts of climate change and environmental degradation. Infrastructure choices underpin both the growth and the carbon intensity of the economy. This Perspective explores the barriers to investing in low-carbon infrastructure and some of the policy levers available to overcome them. The barriers to decarbonizing infrastructure 'nest' within a set of barriers to infrastructure development more generally that cause spending on infrastructure—low-carbon or not—to fall more than 70% short of optimal levels. Developing countries face additional barriers such as currency and political risks that increase the investment gap. Low-carbon alternatives face further barriers, such as commercialization risk and financial and public institutions designed for different investment needs. While the broader barriers to infrastructure investment are discussed in other streams of literature, they are often disregarded in literature on renewable energy diffusion or climate finance, which tends to focus narrowly on the project costs of low- versus high-carbon options. We discuss how to overcome the barriers specific to low-carbon infrastructure within the context of the broader infrastructure gap.

Marine phytoplankton and the changing ocean iron cycle pp1072 - 1079
D. A. Hutchins and P. W. Boyd
Changes in the ocean affect the biogeochemical cycle of iron, which in turn impacts phytoplankton growth. This Perspective discusses what research is needed to predict the future marine iron cycle.



Cognitive and psychological science insights to improve climate change data visualization pp1080 - 1089
Jordan Harold, Irene Lorenzoni, Thomas F. Shipley and Kenny R. Coventry
Climate change communication often relies on visualization of climate data. This Review highlights research from the cognitive and psychological sciences that can inform practices for increasing accessibility of graphics to non-experts.



Assessment of the climate commitments and additional mitigation policies of the United States pp1090 - 1093
Jeffery B. Greenblatt and Max Wei
Analysis of the US’s intended nationally determined contribution (INDC) shows additional policies are likely to be needed for it to meet its promised emissions reduction target, and highlights where deeper cuts could be made.

Persistent shift of the Arctic polar vortex towards the Eurasian continent in recent decades pp1094 - 1099
Jiankai Zhang, Wenshou Tian, Martyn P. Chipperfield, Fei Xie and Jinlong Huang
The Arctic winter polar vortex has weakened in recent years: this study shows that there has also been a shift in the location of the vortex towards Eurasia. This is related to cryospheric changes, with implications for mid-latitude weather.

Groundwater vulnerability on small islands pp1100 - 1103
S. Holding, D. M. Allen, S. Foster, A. Hsieh, I. Larocque, J. Klassen and S. C. Van Pelt
Aquifer characteristics and water use data for 43 widely distributed small island states indicate that 44% are in a state of water stress. While recharge is projected to increase on 12 islands it is projected to decrease by up to 58% on the other 31.
See also: News and Views by Toby Ault

Mapping climatic mechanisms likely to favour the emergence of novel communities pp1104 - 1109
Alejandro Ordonez, John W. Williams and Jens-Christian Svenning
Assessment of the emergence of novel climatic combinations, rapid displacement of climatic isoclines, and divergence between temperature and precipitation trends provides an indication of where and why novel communities are likely to emerge.

Phylogenetic approaches reveal biodiversity threats under climate change pp1110 - 1114
Carlos E. González-Orozco, Laura J. Pollock, Andrew H. Thornhill, Brent D. Mishler, Nunzio Knerr, Shawn W. Laffan, Joseph T. Miller, Dan F. Rosauer, Daniel P. Faith, David A. Nipperess, Heini Kujala, Simon Linke, Nathalie Butt, Carsten Külheim, Michael D. Crisp and Bernd Gruber
Climate change is expected to lead to significant changes in phylogenetic diversity and endemism at a continental scale in Australia, threatening the hyper-diverse clade of eucalypt trees that dominate much of the continent.

Amplified plant turnover in response to climate change forecast by Late Quaternary records pp1115 - 1119
D. Nogués-Bravo, S. Veloz, B. G. Holt, J. Singarayer, P. Valdes, B. Davis, S. C. Brewer, J. W. Williams and C. Rahbek
Climate impact projections for plant taxa using models calibrated with palaeo-data for the past 21,000 years increase, on average, the conservation threat status of European and North American plants.

Day length unlikely to constrain climate-driven shifts in leaf-out times of northern woody plants pp1120 - 1123
Constantin M. Zohner, Blas M. Benito, Jens-Christian Svenning and Susanne S. Renner
Photoperiod is only an important leaf-out regulator for woody plants in areas with short winters and in lineages that derive from lower latitudes. Consequently, photoperiod constraint on range expansion should be limited to these areas and species.



Ocean acidification reduces demersal zooplankton that reside in tropical coral reefs pp1124 - 1129
Joy N. Smith, Glenn De’ath, Claudio Richter, Astrid Cornils, Jason M. Hall-Spencer and Katharina E. Fabricius
The use of natural high-CO2 sites to assess the impact of ocean acidification on coral reef zooplankton shows a threefold reduction in biomass compared with ambient-CO2 sites. However, zooplankton species distribution is unchanged. The reduction may be partly due to a change in coral species.

Similar estimates of temperature impacts on global wheat yield by three independent methods pp1130 - 1136
Bing Liu, Senthold Asseng, Christoph Müller, Frank Ewert, Joshua Elliott, David B. Lobell, Pierre Martre, Alex C. Ruane, Daniel Wallach, James W. Jones, Cynthia Rosenzweig, Pramod K. Aggarwal, Phillip D. Alderman, Jakarat Anothai, Bruno Basso, Christian Biernath, Davide Cammarano, Andy Challinor, Delphine Deryng, Giacomo De Sanctis, Jordi Doltra, Elias Fereres, Christian Folberth, Margarita Garcia-Vila, Sebastian Gayler, Gerrit Hoogenboom, Leslie A. Hunt, Roberto C. Izaurralde, Mohamed Jabloun, Curtis D. Jones, Kurt C. Kersebaum, Bruce A. Kimball, Ann-Kristin Koehler, Soora Naresh Kumar, Claas Nendel, Garry J. O’Leary, Jørgen E. Olesen, Michael J. Ottman, Taru Palosuo, P. V. Vara Prasad, Eckart Priesack, Thomas A. M. Pugh, Matthew Reynolds, Ehsan E. Rezaei, Reimund P. Rötter, Erwin Schmid, Mikhail A. Semenov, Iurii Shcherbak, Elke Stehfest, Claudio O. Stöckle, Pierre Stratonovitch, Thilo Streck, Iwan Supit, Fulu Tao, Peter Thorburn, Katharina Waha, Gerard W. Wall, Enli Wang, Jeffrey W. White, Joost Wolf, Zhigan Zhao and Yan Zhu
The impact of climate change on crop yield can be estimated using a variety of methods. Here, a multi-method ensemble is used to quantify ‘method uncertainty’ and improve overall confidence in projections of climate impacts on wheat yields.

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