Friday, October 26, 2012

Nature Climate Change Contents November 2012 Volume 2 Number 11 pp 761-824

Nature Climate Change

November 2012 Volume 2, Issue 11

Policy Watch
Research Highlights
News and Views

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Mission emissions p761
Meeting global, national and regional targets for greenhouse-gas emissions reduction requires concerted action on several fronts.



Asymmetric effects of economic growth and decline on CO2 emissions pp762 - 764
Richard York

China's uncertain CO2 emissions p762
Bing Xue and Wanxia Ren
See also: Letter by Dabo Guan et al.

Carbon mismanagement in Brazil p764
Paulo Roberto Pagliosa, André Scarlate Rovai and Alessandra Larissa Fonseca



Carbon emissions trading in China pp765 - 766
Alex Y. Lo
China is to introduce a national emissions trading system based on regional pilot projects despite structural hurdles ahead.

Policy Watch


Stuck on shipping pp767 - 768
Sonja van Renssen
Political bickering and market complexities are stymieing attempts to regulate international shipping emissions, reports Sonja van Renssen.

Research Highlights


Palaeoclimate: A climate for fire | Atmospheric Science: Global implications for Africa | Policy: Wind energy tariffs | Cryoscience: Extreme melt | Oceanography: Acidic coasts

News and Views


Cryoscience: Snowfall brightens Antarctic future pp770 - 771
Charles S. Zender
Snowpacks absorb more sunlight as they warm. The Antarctic Plateau may buck this trend over the twenty-first century as increased snowfall there inhibits the snowpack from dimming.
See also: Letter by G. Picard et al.

Limnology: Lake warming mimics fertilization pp771 - 772
Monika Winder
Successful nutrient management has helped many lakes recover from the effects of phosphorus pollution. Now research suggests that climate warming can cause some of the same problems to return.
See also: Letter by Thomas Posch et al.

Economics: Mangroves' hidden value pp773 - 774
Brian C. Murray
Mangroves are being lost at an alarming rate as their conversion for aquaculture and other uses is profitable. Research, however, suggests that valuing the deep reserves of carbon in mangrove sediments may be the key to their survival.

Nature Climate Change
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Communication of the role of natural variability in future North American climate pp775 - 779
Clara Deser, Reto Knutti, Susan Solomon and Adam S. Phillips
As climate models improve, decision-makers' expectations for accurate climate predictions are growing. Natural climate variability, however, limits climate predictability and hampers the ability to guide adaptation in many regions such as North America. Scientists, policymakers and the public need to improve communication and avoid raising expectations for accurate regional predictions everywhere.

Marginalization of end-use technologies in energy innovation for climate protection pp780 - 788
Charlie Wilson, Arnulf Grubler, Kelly S. Gallagher and Gregory F. Nemet
Mitigating climate change requires directed innovation efforts to develop and deploy energy technologies. An analysis of these directed efforts finds that efficient end-use technologies contribute large potential emission reductions and provide higher social returns on investment than do energy supply technologies. Yet public institutions, policies and financial resources pervasively privilege energy supply technologies.



Narrowing the climate information usability gap pp789 - 794
Maria Carmen Lemos, Christine J. Kirchhoff and Vijay Ramprasad
This Review focuses on how policymakers and others deal with scientific information about the climate, with the aim of understanding how potentially useful information becomes used (or usable) in practice. A conceptual model of the path between usefulness and usability is presented.



Inhibition of the positive snow-albedo feedback by precipitation in interior Antarctica pp795 - 798
G. Picard, F. Domine, G. Krinner, L. Arnaud and E. Lefebvre
This study uses satellite data to study snow grain size–albedo relationships over the whole Antarctic Plateau. The findings suggest that increased precipitation resulting from climate change will effectively compensate for the decreased albedo that should have resulted from warming, thereby inhibiting the expected ice–albedo feedback.
See also: News and Views by Charles S. Zender

Sea surface temperature variability in the southwest tropical Pacific since AD 1649 pp799 - 804
Kristine L. DeLong, Terrence M. Quinn, Frederick W. Taylor, Ke Lin and Chuan-Chou Shen
An isotopic analysis of well-dated massive corals in New Caledonia is used to reconstruct sea surface temperature variability in the southwest tropical Pacific from 1649 to 1999. The findings will be important for climate modelling studies and for studies that predict future climatic change.

Interactions between above- and belowground organisms modified in climate change experiments pp805 - 808
Karen Stevnbak, Christoph Scherber, David J. Gladbach, Claus Beier, Teis N. Mikkelsen and Søren Christensen
By experimentally manipulating atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration, drought, air and soil temperature, and herbivory simultaneously, this study provides evidence that climate change affects interactions between above- and belowground organisms through changes in nutrient availability under field conditions.

Harmful filamentous cyanobacteria favoured by reduced water turnover with lake warming pp809 - 813
Thomas Posch, Oliver Köster, Michaela M. Salcher and Jakob Pernthaler
Evidence is presented that climate change-induced lake warming may cause the same undesired effects as have formerly emerged from excess nutrients (eutrophication). Stronger thermal stratification and reduced mixing has favoured blooming of a toxic cyanobacterium in a large temperate lake previously thought to be successfully ‘restored’ after decades of pollution.
See also: News and Views by Monika Winder

Projected response of an endangered marine turtle population to climate change pp814 - 820
Vincent S. Saba, Charles A. Stock, James R. Spotila, Frank V. Paladino and Pilar Santidrián Tomillo
Using models and ecological data, this study shows that the eastern Pacific Ocean population of leatherback sea turtles could well face extirpation owing to climate change. However, the findings indicate that it may be possible to sustain a viable nesting population in Costa Rica throughout this century by cooling nests.

Mediterranean seagrass vulnerable to regional climate warming pp821 - 824
Gabriel Jordà, Núria Marbà and Carlos M. Duarte
Lush meadows of the seagrass Posidonia oceanica represent an important coastal marine ecosystem in the Mediterranean Sea and a major carbon sink. However, an analysis predicts that, in the absence of mitigation, climate change will lead to the functional extinction of P. oceanica meadows by the middle of the twenty-first century.


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